ClinicalTrials.gov
ClinicalTrials.gov Menu

Study of the Effects of Oral AT1001 (Migalastat Hydrochloride) in Patients With Fabry Disease

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00925301
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : June 22, 2009
Results First Posted : October 30, 2018
Last Update Posted : October 30, 2018
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Amicus Therapeutics

Brief Summary:
The primary objective of this study was to compare the effect of migalastat (123 milligrams [mg] of migalastat [equivalent to 150 mg of migalastat hydrochloride]) (migalastat) versus placebo on kidney globotriaosylceramide (GL-3).

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Fabry Disease Drug: migalastat hydrochloride Drug: Placebo Phase 3

Detailed Description:

This double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled study was conducted in 67 participants at 46 sites worldwide. The study consisted of 2 stages and an optional open-label treatment extension phase:

Stage 1 included a screening period of up to 2 months followed by a 6-month treatment period which involved 4 visits to the clinic. Participants were randomized in equal proportions to receive either migalastat or placebo.

After completing the 6-month double-blind phase, all participants entered Stage 2 of the study and received migalastat in an open-label manner. Stage 2 treatment lasted for 6 months and involved up to 4 visits to the clinic.

Participants who completed both Stage 1 and Stage 2 of the study as scheduled were offered the opportunity to participate in an open-label treatment extension phase with migalastat. The open-label treatment extension phase lasted 12 months and involved 2 visits to the clinic. A follow-up visit was undertaken 1 month following completion or discontinuation from the open-label treatment extension. Participants completing the 12-month open-label treatment extension and providing consent to enter a separate long-term extension were not required to complete this follow-up visit.

Study assessments included clinical laboratory tests, 12-lead electrocardiogram, kidney biopsy, kidney function testing, echocardiography, and patient-reported outcomes.


Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 67 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double (Participant, Investigator)
Masking Description: Sponsor and Assessor were also blinded
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Double-Blind, Randomized, Placebo-Controlled Study to Evaluate the Efficacy, Safety and Pharmacodynamics of AT1001 in Patients With Fabry Disease and AT1001-Responsive GLA Mutations
Actual Study Start Date : October 23, 2009
Actual Primary Completion Date : June 12, 2012
Actual Study Completion Date : January 29, 2014

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Migalastat
Migalastat 150-mg capsule taken orally every other day (QOD) for 6 months and an open-label 6-month treatment extension, followed by an optional, 12-month, open-label treatment extension.
Drug: migalastat hydrochloride
Oral capsule QOD
Other Names:
  • AT1001
  • Galafold
  • Migalastat

Placebo Comparator: Placebo
Placebo capsule taken orally QOD for 6 months.
Drug: Placebo
Oral capsule QOD




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Percentage Of Participants With At Least A 50% Reduction From Baseline To Month 6 In The Average Number Of Kidney Interstitial Capillary (IC) Globotriaosylceramide (GL-3) Inclusions [ Time Frame: Baseline, Month 6 ]
    Renal biopsies were taken at Baseline and Month 6 (Stage 1). The specimens were evaluated using virtual microscopy. The annotation, scoring, and adjudication of the kidney histology assessments were performed by the Clinical Pathology Endpoints Committee. The number of kidney IC GL-3 inclusions was assessed by 3 renal pathologists who were blinded to treatment assignments, participants' data, and biopsy sequence. One pathologist served as annotator and identified the 300 capillaries on up to 8 slides per specimen to be scored. Two pathologists served as scorers; these pathologists completed the blinded paired assessments. Each pathologist served as annotator/adjudicator for 1/3 of the cases. Paired assessments were undertaken at Baseline and Month 6. Assessments were made using digital images. A responder was defined as a participant with a ≥50% reduction from Baseline to Month 6 in the average number of kidney IC GL-3 inclusions.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Percent Change In Kidney IC GL-3 Inclusions From Baseline To Month 6 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Month 6 ]
    Renal biopsies were taken at Baseline and Month 6. The specimens were evaluated using virtual microscopy. The annotation, scoring, and adjudication of the kidney histology assessments were performed by the Clinical Pathology Endpoints Committee. The number of kidney IC GL-3 inclusions was assessed by 3 renal pathologists who were blinded to treatment assignments, participants' data, and biopsy sequence. One pathologist served as annotator and identified the 300 capillaries on up to 8 slides per specimen to be scored. Two pathologists served as scorers; these pathologists completed the blinded paired assessments. Each pathologist served as annotator/adjudicator for 1/3 of the cases. Paired assessments were undertaken at Baseline and Month 6. Assessments were made using digital images.

  2. Change From Baseline Through Month 24 In Urine GL-3 Levels [ Time Frame: Baseline, Months 6, 12, and 24 ]
    The effect of migalastat versus placebo on urine GL-3 levels was measured by liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry/mass spectrometry. The 24-hour urine samples were collected at Baseline, Month 6 (Stage 1), Month 12 (Stage 2), and Month 24 (OLE). Results are presented as changes in nanograms (ng)/mg creatinine from Baseline to the end of the 3 stages.


Other Outcome Measures:
  1. Change From Month 6 To Month 12 In Average Number Of Kidney IC GL-3 Inclusions [ Time Frame: Month 6, Month 12 ]
    Renal biopsies were taken at Month 6 and Month 12. The specimens were evaluated using virtual microscopy. The annotation, scoring, and adjudication of the kidney histology assessments were performed by the Clinical Pathology Endpoints Committee. The number of kidney IC GL-3 inclusions was assessed by 3 renal pathologists who were blinded to treatment assignments, participants' data, and biopsy sequence. One pathologist served as annotator and identified the 300 capillaries on up to 8 slides per specimen to be scored. Two pathologists served as scorers; these pathologists completed the blinded paired assessments. Each pathologist served as annotator/adjudicator for 1/3 of the cases. Paired assessments were undertaken at Month 6 and Month 12. Assessments were made using digital images.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


Ages Eligible for Study:   16 Years to 74 Years   (Child, Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Male or female between the ages of 16 and 74 diagnosed with Fabry disease.
  • Confirmed mutant form of α-galactosidase A shown to be responsive to migalastat in vitro.
  • Participant has never been treated with enzyme replacement therapy (ERT) or has not received ERT for 6 consecutive months or longer before the screening visit for the study.
  • Urine GL-3 ≥4 times the upper limit of normal at screening.
  • Participants taking angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors or angiotensin receptor blockers must be on a stable dose for a minimum of 4 weeks before the baseline visit.
  • Females who can become pregnant and all males agree to be sexually abstinent or use medically accepted methods of birth control during the study and for 30 days after study completion.
  • Participant is willing and able to provide written informed consent and assent, if applicable.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Participant has undergone or is scheduled to undergo kidney transplantation, or is currently on dialysis.
  • Estimated glomerular filtration rate <30 milliliters per minute per 1.73 meters squared (chronic kidney disease Stage 4 or 5) based on the Modification of Diet in Renal Disease equation at screening.
  • Pregnant or breast-feeding.
  • History of allergy or sensitivity to study medication (including excipients) or other iminosugars (for example, miglustat, miglitol).
  • Participant is treated or has been treated with any investigational drug within 30 days of study start.
  • Participant is currently treated or has ever been treated with migalastat.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00925301


  Show 28 Study Locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
Amicus Therapeutics
Investigators
Study Director: Medical Monitor, Clinical Research Amicus Therapeutics

Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):

Responsible Party: Amicus Therapeutics
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00925301     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: AT1001-011
FACETS ( Other Identifier: Amicus Therapeutics )
2009-013459-31 ( EudraCT Number )
First Posted: June 22, 2009    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: October 30, 2018
Last Update Posted: October 30, 2018
Last Verified: October 2018

Keywords provided by Amicus Therapeutics:
Amicus Therapeutics
AT1001
Migalastat
Pharmacokinetics
Substrate
Galafold

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Fabry Disease
Sphingolipidoses
Lysosomal Storage Diseases, Nervous System
Brain Diseases, Metabolic, Inborn
Brain Diseases, Metabolic
Brain Diseases
Central Nervous System Diseases
Nervous System Diseases
Cerebral Small Vessel Diseases
Cerebrovascular Disorders
Vascular Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Genetic Diseases, X-Linked
Genetic Diseases, Inborn
Metabolism, Inborn Errors
Lipidoses
Lipid Metabolism, Inborn Errors
Lysosomal Storage Diseases
Metabolic Diseases
Lipid Metabolism Disorders
1-Deoxynojirimycin
Antiviral Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action