Comparing Blood Vessel Endothelial Function in HIV-Infected People and Matched HIV-Uninfected People

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00919724
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : June 12, 2009
Results First Posted : June 30, 2014
Last Update Posted : July 15, 2014
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Samir K Gupta, MD, MS, National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)

Brief Summary:
The blood vessels that carry blood from the heart to the rest of the body are normally capable of relaxing and constricting when needed to provide more or less blood to the body. The inability of blood vessels to relax and widen may increase the risk of heart disease and stroke. One potential cause of this inability is inflammation. Because HIV infection is associated with inflammation, it is possible that the blood vessels in people infected with HIV may not relax properly. The purpose of this study is to determine whether people infected with HIV have worse blood vessel function than people without HIV infection.

Condition or disease
HIV Infection

Detailed Description:

Normally the insides of blood vessels either widen or narrow in response to the need for more or less blood flow. This is a function of the endothelial cells, which are the cells that line the inner layer of blood vessels. However, in some people endothelial function is impaired, which may put them at an increased risk of heart disease and stroke. It is widely assumed that HIV-infected people not yet receiving antiretroviral medications experience more impaired endothelial function than HIV-uninfected people, possibly because of the link between HIV and inflammation. However, no rigorously controlled study has yet to be performed to verify this presumption. It is important to establish whether HIV infection itself, and not the use of antiretroviral medications, is indeed the cause of impaired endothelial function. This study will compare endothelial function in people with HIV who are not already receiving antiretroviral medications and in people without HIV. Specifically, inflammation, immune activation, endothelial activation, and metabolic measures will be compared.

This study will involve two groups of participants. The first group will consist of people with HIV who are enrolling in two other separate HIV studies (NCT00864916 and NCT00796822), one lasting 8 weeks and the other lasting 48 weeks. The second group will consist of people without HIV who are similar to the first group in terms of age, sex, smoking status, and height. All HIV-infected participants will undergo assessments during the study visits of whichever other HIV study they are enrolled in. All HIV-uninfected participants will attend a main study visit that will include the following: a review of medical records and family medical history; measurements of blood pressure, heart rate, weight, temperature, and waist and hip circumferences; blood and urine collection; and a procedure called brachial artery reactivity testing, which is a noninvasive way to measure endothelial function. Some of the HIV-uninfected participants will continue in the study so that any changes in their endothelial function can be assessed. They will attend either two additional study visits at Weeks 4 and 8, which will correspond with one of the HIV studies, or three additional study visits at Weeks 8, 24, and 48, which will correspond with the other HIV study. The additional visits will include repeat testing except for blood and urine collection.

Study Type : Observational
Actual Enrollment : 89 participants
Observational Model: Case Control
Time Perspective: Prospective
Official Title: A Comparison of Endothelial Function Between HIV-infected Subjects Not Receiving Antiretroviral Therapy and Matched HIV-uninfected Control Subjects
Study Start Date : May 2009
Actual Primary Completion Date : July 2012
Actual Study Completion Date : May 2013

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: HIV/AIDS

HIV-infected participants who are not currently receiving antiretroviral medications
HIV-uninfected participants matched in age, sex, smoking status, and height to the HIV-infected participants

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Endothelial Function (Brachial Artery Reactivity) [ Time Frame: Single measurement ]
    The maximum change in brachial artery diameter after induction of reactive hyperemia post-release of vascular occlusion. This is a measure of the ability of the endothelium to respond appropriately to lack of tissue oxygenation distal to the point of brachial artery compression.

Biospecimen Retention:   Samples Without DNA
Plasma, serum, urine

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Sampling Method:   Non-Probability Sample
Study Population
HIV-infected people will be recruited from infectious diseases outpatient clinics of Wishard Hospital and Indiana University Hospital. They will be enrolled in one of two other HIV trials. HIV-uninfected people will be recruited from the Indianapolis general population.

Inclusion Criteria for HIV-Infected Group:

  • Positive HIV enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) test with confirmatory Western Blot
  • Not currently receiving antiretroviral therapy

Inclusion Criteria for HIV-Uninfected Group:

  • Negative HIV ELISA test at screening
  • Within 10 years of age of the matched HIV-infected participant
  • Same sex and current smoking status as the matched HIV-infected participant
  • Height within 4 inches of the matched HIV-infected participant

Exclusion Criteria for All Participants:

  • Inability to complete written informed consent
  • Incarceration at the time of screening or main study visit
  • Diagnosed vascular disease (e.g., history of angina pectoris, coronary disease, peripheral vascular disease, cerebrovascular disease, aortic aneurysm, or otherwise known atherosclerotic disease)
  • Diagnosed disease or process associated with increased systemic inflammation (e.g., systemic lupus erythematosis, inflammatory bowel diseases, or other collagen vascular diseases); Note: Hepatitis B or C co-infections are not exclusionary
  • History of bleeding diathesis, gastrointestinal ulceration or bleeding, cerebrovascular aneurysm or bleeding, or retinal hemorrhage
  • Known or suspected cancer requiring systemic treatment within 6 months of screening
  • History of diabetes mellitus, as defined by the American Diabetes Association; Note: History of gestational diabetes is not exclusionary
  • History of migraine headaches
  • History of Raynaud's phenomenon
  • History of cardiac arrhythmias or cardiomyopathy
  • History of hypothyroidism or hyperthyroidism, even if treated; Note: Use of caffeinated products, except on the mornings of the study visits, is not exclusionary
  • Known allergy or intolerance to nitroglycerin
  • History of carotid bruits
  • Creatinine clearance less than 50mL/min, using a serum creatinine level measured at screening
  • Hemoglobin level greater than 9.0g/dL at screening
  • Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) level or aspartate aminotransferase (AST) greater than three times the upper limit of normal (ULN) at screening
  • Total bilirubin greater than 2.5 times ULN at screening
  • Fever, defined as a temperature greater than 38.0 C within 48 hours prior to screening
  • Received therapy for acute infection or other serious medical illness within 14 days prior to screening
  • Pregnant or breastfeeding during the course of the study
  • Hypotension, defined as systolic blood pressure less than 90mm Hg, at screening.
  • Uncontrolled hypertension
  • Receipt of anti-inflammatory agents (e.g., plaquenil, infliximab, etanercept, mycophenolate mofetil, sirolimus, tacrolimus, cyclosporine, pentoxifylline, thalidomide)
  • Receipt of investigational agents, cytotoxic chemotherapy, systemic or topical glucocorticoids (of any dose), or anabolic steroids within 28 days of screening; Note: Physiologic testosterone replacement therapy is not exclusionary
  • Receipt of lipid-lowering drugs, aspirin, other non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), acetazolamide, anticoagulants, anticonvulsants, or thyroid replacements within 7 days prior to screening
  • Use of sildenafil, vardenafil, or tadalafil within 72 hours (before or after) of each main study visit
  • Active drug or alcohol use or dependence that, in the opinion of the investigator, would interfere with adherence to study requirements

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00919724

United States, Indiana
Infectious Diseases Research Center
Indianapolis, Indiana, United States, 46202
Sponsors and Collaborators
Indiana University
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
Principal Investigator: Samir K. Gupta, MD, MS Indiana University School of Medicine

Responsible Party: Samir K Gupta, MD, MS, Associate Professor of Medicine, National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI) Identifier: NCT00919724     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 661
R01HL095149 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: June 12, 2009    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: June 30, 2014
Last Update Posted: July 15, 2014
Last Verified: July 2014

Keywords provided by Samir K Gupta, MD, MS, National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI):
Endothelial Function
Immune Activation
treatment naive

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
HIV Infections
Lentivirus Infections
Retroviridae Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Virus Diseases
Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Viral
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Immunologic Deficiency Syndromes
Immune System Diseases