Preventing Depression in the Children of Depressed African American Mothers
Behavioral: Prevention Intervention Project
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single Blind (Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
|Official Title:||Children of Depressed Mothers: Culture & Prevention|
- Children Depression Inventory (CDI) [ Time Frame: Measured at baseline and at post-treatment (8 weeks after baseline) ]Children Depression Inventory (CDI; Kovacs, 1992) is a widely-used self-report scale of depressive symptoms suitable for use by youth ranging from 7 to 17 years. The CDI is a 27-item scale that is self-rated and symptom-oriented. The 27 items on the assessment are grouped into five major factor areas. The item score are rated 0-2 with a total scores summed and converted to T scores. The total T score ranges from 33 to 100 with high scores indicating higher levels of depressive symptoms.
- Multidimensional Anxiety Scale for Children (MASC) [ Time Frame: Measured at baseline and post-treatment (8 weeks after baseline) ]Multidimensional Anxiety Scale for Children (MASC; March et al., 1997) is a self-report instrument that measures a broad range of anxiety symptoms in youth. The MASC consists of 39 items using a 4-point Likert scale that are distributed across four major factors, three of which can be parsed into two subfactors each. Main and subfactors include (1) physical symptoms (tense/restless and somatic/autonomic), (2) social anxiety (humiliation/rejection and public performance fears), (3) harm avoidance (perfectionism and anxious coping), and (4) separation anxiety. Scores are summed and converted to T-scores. The total T score ranges from 25 to 90 with higher scores representing greater levels of anxiety.
- Understanding Mood Disorders Questionnaire (UMDQ) [ Time Frame: Measured at baseline and post-treatment (8 weeks after baseline) ]Understanding Mood Disorders Questionnaire (UMDQ; Gavazzi, Fristad, & Law, 1997) measures attributions and knowledge of symptoms, course, and treatment of mood disorders and a symptom checklist. It has 39 items and two subscales. A range of total score is 0 to 59. The first 20 questions are true/false questions and correct responses are scored 2 points each. Nineteen questions are a checklist of symptoms and correct identification of those depression and manic symptoms are scored 1 point each. All items are summed for a total score. Higher scores indicate greater knowledge of mood disorders. Both maternal and child reporters completed this measure.
- Child's Report on Parental Behavior Inventory (CRPBI) [ Time Frame: Measured at baseline and post-treatment (8 weeks after baseline) ]Child's Report on Parental Behavior Inventory (CRPBI; Schludermann & Schludermann, 1970) assesses children's and parents' perceptions of parental acceptance, permitting psychological autonomy, and level of parental control. The 10-item acceptance scale which assesses parental warmth was administered. The acceptable scale has items scored from 1 to 3 (not like me, somewhat like me, a lot like me). Items are summed with a total range is 10 to 30. Higher scores represents greater warmth exhibited by mother to child. Separate forms are available for both child and parent report.
|Study Start Date:||February 2008|
|Study Completion Date:||February 2009|
|Primary Completion Date:||February 2009 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Experimental: Adapted PIP
Participants (both mother and children) participated in an adapted cognitive family prevention program for the families of children with a depressed African American mother.
The intervention was the Prevention Intervention Project.
Behavioral: Prevention Intervention Project
Eight 1-hour sessions focused on psychoeducation, coping with stress, and cognitive-behavioral strategies. The sessions were tailored as required to meet the clinical and cultural needs of each family; other family members, such as fathers, spouses, and grandparents, were invited to participate in the intervention.
Active Comparator: Lecture
Mothers received psychoeducation about depression.
The intervention was psychoeducation.
Two 1-hour sessions focusing on psychoeducation about depression and its impact on children and the family.
Background: There is limited representation of ethnic minorities in preventive interventions for the generational impact of maternal depression.
Methods: The Preventive Intervention Project (PIP) was adapted to be culturally and contextually relevant for urban African American mothers with depression and their children. A pilot clinical trial (PIP vs. lecture) was conducted.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00904917
|United States, Pennsylvania|
|The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia|
|Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States, 19104|
|Principal Investigator:||Rhonda C. Boyd, PhD||Children's Hospital of Philadelphia|