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Does Acupressure Decrease Post-operative Nausea and Vomiting (PONV) After the Pectus Excavatum Correction (NUSS) Procedure?

This study has been terminated.
(Not enough participants for study to be completed)
Hamilton Health Sciences Corporation
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
McMaster University Identifier:
First received: April 30, 2009
Last updated: April 7, 2015
Last verified: April 2015
Post-operative nausea and vomiting (PONV) is not only unpleasant for patients but also can delay hospital discharge and increase cost of stay. In some cases, when severe vomiting occurs, pain scores seem to be increased. The overall incidence of PONV is 30% and increases to 79% in patients at high risk for this post-operative outcome. The NUSS procedure is considered to be a procedure with a high risk for the outcome of nausea and vomiting.

Condition Intervention
Pectus Excavatum
Device: Acupressure (BioBand)

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Participant, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: Does Acupressure Decrease Post-operative Nausea and Vomiting After the NUSS Procedure?

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by McMaster University:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Relief of PONV. This effect will be evaluated in the PACU and then twice a day until discharge which is usually 5 days post-operative. Hospital score for nausea and vomiting will be used. [ Time Frame: Twice a day for 5 days ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Possibility of decrease in VAS score and hospital stay when compared to control group. [ Time Frame: Day 5 ]

Enrollment: 40
Study Start Date: April 2005
Study Completion Date: October 2010
Primary Completion Date: January 2010 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Acupressure Band
A band with bead attachment will be used to produce Acupressure and applied to the P6 (three fingers breath from the wrist crease on th ventral surface of the upper limb). The application will be done 20 minutes prior to anesthesia and explanation as to usage after surgery will be given. The patient of caregiver will apply pressure on the bead for three minutes and repeat this four times a day for the next five days. None of the protocol for prevention of PONV in this group of patients will be changed. The postoperative therapy for nausea and vomiting will be on a PRN (as required) basis. Nausea and vomiting scores and VAS scores for pain estimation will be carried out according to hospital protocol in the PACU amd twice a day thereafter for their period of stay in the hospital. The amount of analgesics and antiemetics used and the number of days spent in the hospital will be registered.
Device: Acupressure (BioBand)
Band will remain on from 20 minutes before surgery until the end of the hospital stay.
Other Name: BioBand
Sham Comparator: Sham Acupressure
The same band will be placed and turned so the beads face the corresponding point on the dorsal surface of the upper limb area.
Device: Acupressure (BioBand)
Band will remain on from 20 minutes before surgery until the end of the hospital stay. The same band will be placed and turned so the beads face the corresponding point on the dorsal surface of the upper limb area.
Other Name: BioBand

Detailed Description:
The rationale is to do a prospective study in patients who have been diagnosed with Pectus Excavatum and who are undergoing a NUSS procedure (pectus excavatum correction) and to evaluate the effect of Acupressure on the post-operative outcome of PONV in these patients. Also, to determine whether there are any secondary outcomes related to pain scores and length of hospital stay.

Ages Eligible for Study:   8 Years to 40 Years   (Child, Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • age 8-40 years old
  • ASA 1-3
  • males & females

Exclusion Criteria:

  • local infection of the site - P6
  • acupuncture treatment within 8 weeks of the preoperative period
  • coagulopathy is a contraindication for Acupuncture but not Acupressure
  Contacts and Locations
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Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00892216

Canada, Ontario
McMaster University Hospital, HHSC/Hamilton Health Sciences
Hamilton, Ontario, Canada, L8N 3Z5
Sponsors and Collaborators
McMaster University
Hamilton Health Sciences Corporation
Principal Investigator: Meena Nandagopal, M.B.B.S. DLO, DARCS, FFARCS(I) Hamilton Health Sciences Corporation
  More Information

Responsible Party: McMaster University Identifier: NCT00892216     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 05-188
Study First Received: April 30, 2009
Last Updated: April 7, 2015

Keywords provided by McMaster University:
NUSS procedure
Pectus Excavatum

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Postoperative Nausea and Vomiting
Funnel Chest
Signs and Symptoms, Digestive
Signs and Symptoms
Postoperative Complications
Pathologic Processes
Bone Diseases, Developmental
Bone Diseases
Musculoskeletal Diseases
Musculoskeletal Abnormalities
Congenital Abnormalities processed this record on May 25, 2017