Transitions: Linkages From Jail To Community
TRANSITIONS, a novel jail-release program for People Living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA), will use evidence-based interventions and adapt them to create a comprehensive transitional program in Waterbury and New Haven County, Connecticut. Evidence-based interventions will include, but not be limited to, enhanced rapid HIV testing within the New Haven Community Correctional Center (NHCCC, local jail), intensive case management, continuity of buprenorphine treatment from the jail to the community setting and a novel Money Management (MM) program.
The HIV in Prisons Program and the Community Health Care Van (CHCV) at the Yale University AIDS Program, in collaboration with the Connecticut Department of Correction and the Waterbury Hospital Infectious Diseases Clinic, propose to expand the availability of opiate substitution treatment and to enhance clinical and social services for PLWHA, who are transitioning from the jail to the community setting.
As part of Transitions, we will develop a model Money Management program that we have used in community settings to improve health outcomes for socially and medically marginalized populations and adapt it for a jail-release program. The Transitions program will incorporate these elements into a combined intervention and will result in a clinical trial to compare the additional contribution of a money management program.
Behavioral: Intensive Case Management
Behavioral: Money Management
|Study Design:||Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Supportive Care
|Official Title:||Transitions: Linkages From Jail to Community|
- Substance use outcomes measured by self-report [ Time Frame: weekly reporting ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
- Urine toxicology results [ Time Frame: weekly report ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
|Study Start Date:||September 2008|
|Study Completion Date:||August 2013|
|Primary Completion Date:||August 2012 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Behavioral: Intensive Case Management
Transitions involves the integration of evidence-based interventions, intensive case management that incorporates outreach elements similar to assertive community treatment (ACT). Intensive case management goes beyond the tenets of case management and incorporates community outreach. This model of case management has its roots in assertive community treatment (ACT) and has demonstrated a 37% greater reduction in homelessness and a 26% greater improvement in psychiatric symptom severity compared with standard case management treatments. As such, intensive case management is likely to result in important outcomes for the target population, is evidence-based and has been validated in prison-release programs.Drug: Buprenorphine
All participants that have a history of opiate dependency and need treatment with opiate substitution therapy will be offered Buprenorphine as an option for their substance use. For those who need additional or more structured treatment will be referred to methadone maintenance program.Behavioral: Money Management
All participants will be offered money management as a component for further assistance to this population who need financial management services in order to stabilize them and help with the transition back into the community upon release from incarceration.
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TRANSITIONS, a novel jail-release program for People Living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA), will use evidence-based interventions and adapt them to create a comprehensive transitional program in New Haven County, Connecticut. Evidence-based interventions will include, but not be limited to, enhanced rapid HIV testing within the New Haven Community Correctional Center (NHCCC, local jail), intensive case management, continuity of buprenorphine treatment from the jail to the community setting and a novel Money Management (MM) program that is predicated on contingency management and has been used to reduce recidivism to jail, homelessness, mental and social instability and improve social functioning. Individuals to be targeted for rapid HIV testing will be those who enter the facility with substance use disorder and mental illness. All individuals who are either diagnosed with the enhanced HIV testing or who self-identify as being HIV+ will be evaluated by the Infectious Diseases Contact Nurse (IDCN) who will work in collaboration with the Referrals Coordinator (RC). The IDCN will coordinate the medical care of the detainee within the correctional setting while the Referrals Coordinator will begin the process of coordinating the care upon release and work with the Intensive Case Managers in New Haven and Waterbury upon release.
The HIV in Prisons Program and the Community Health Care Van (CHCV) at the Yale University AIDS Program, in collaboration with the Connecticut Department of Correction and the Waterbury Hospital Infectious Diseases Clinic, propose to expand the availability of opiate substitution treatment and to enhance clinical and social services for PLWHA, who are transitioning from the jail to the community setting in New Haven county. This work builds on our previous work to enhance HIV testing in prisons and jails, , , to provide comprehensive HIV services within prisons and jails, , to implement the country's first buprenorphine treatment program in jails, to establish effective prison-released programs for sentenced prisoners, to establish buprenorphine treatment programs in mobile outreach and in HIV clinical care settings in the community, , and to establish adherence programs for PLWHA in community settings. Each of these programs and milestones have been evidence-based, rigorously studied and have resulted in replication in many parts of the country. As part of Transitions, we will develop a model Money Management program that we have used in community settings to improve health outcomes for socially and medically marginalized populations and adapt it for a jail-release program. The Transitions program will incorporate these elements into a combined intervention and will result in a clinical trial to compare the additional contribution of a money management program. The target population will include drug users who are either being released from or who have recently been released from prison or jail. Individuals will be fully assessed by a jail-based Referrals Coordinator and an intensive case manager (ICM) and a treatment plan organized. Screening and referral will take place either prior to release from the correctional setting or after release to the New Haven or Waterbury communities. HIV+ jail inmates who are returning to New Haven and Waterbury will be eligible for this study. As part of a randomized controlled trial, a subset of these will be randomized 2:1 to a Money Management program that will be adapted for our population. Direct services provided by Transitions will include enhanced rapid HIV testing within the jail setting, continuity of buprenorphine treatment from the correctional system to the community setting, intensive case management provided as modified Assertive Community Treatment and provision of a Money Management service. The strengths of this proposal are the:
- Addressing unmet medical, drug treatment, case management needs in New Haven county - these are statewide priority areas for PLWHA according to our state needs assessment;
- Collective experience and expertise in the collaboration between the Yale University HIV in Prisons Program, the CHCV, the Connecticut Department of Correction, the Waterbury Hospital ID Clinic, and a number of collaborating institutions within New Haven County;
- Novelty of introducing an approved treatment modality for opiate dependence (buprenorphine), that to date, has not been fully expanded to meet the needs of PLWHA;
- Novelty of prescribing opiate substitution therapy for released prisoners with DSM-IV criteria for opioid dependence BEFORE relapse to drug use;
- Novelty that the Connecticut Department of Correction is the first and most comprehensive system to provide buprenorphine for supervised opiate withdrawal (detox) for opioid dependent patients, thus allowing for its prescription as part of a relapse prevention program from prison and/or jail;
- Benefit of having an integrated correctional system that means that the jails and prisons are one system in Connecticut and thus able to track inmates throughout both the jail and prison system;
- Novelty of applying an evidence-based Money Manager program to released prisoners, most of whom have significant problems with substance abuse, mental illness and homelessness;
- Use of evidence-based interventions, including elements of buprenorphine maintenance treatment, intensive case management teams and money management strategies to retain released jail detainees with multiple medical and social co-morbidities.
TRANSITIONS is a novel demonstration program for managing HIV+ clients as they transition from the jail to the community setting in New Haven County, Connecticut. TRANSITIONS builds on our previous experience with developing and evaluating novel projects: 1) Project TLC (Kaiser Family Foundation, Altice, PI), the country's first transitional case management program for sentenced prisoners; 2) Project BEST (SAMHSA, Altice, PI), the country's first buprenorphine induction and stabilization program administered through a mobile health care program; and 3) and Project BELIEVE (HRSA, Altice, PI), one of ten SPNS projects integrating buprenorphine into HIV clinical care settings. Dr. Altice is also the PI for Project PLUS, two federally funded studies to develop and test pre-release (CDC, Altice, PI) and post-release (NIDA, Altice, PI) risk reduction interventions for HIV+ prisoners. The target population includes HIV+ jail detainees from New Haven County who are either being released from or who have recently been released from jail. Prison-release programs where sufficient time to plan for discharge have demonstrated significant success, however guidance for jail-release programs is urgently needed. This jail population desperately needs integrated services because of the high prevalence of HIV/AIDS, mental illness and recurrent homelessness that this incredibly vulnerable population faces as it attempts to reintegrate into the community.
Central to TRANSITIONS, we propose to develop and integrate effective, evidence-based interventions that include the following elements: 1) intensive case management (ICM) which is community-based outreach that employs feature of assertive community treatment; 2) opiate substitution therapy, primarily in the form of buprenorphine maintenance therapy; 3) enhanced communication linkages between the jail and the community. Eligible clients will include those who are HIV+ and who are either pre-release or who were released within the past 30 days. All eligible patients will receive these core elements. All Transitions clients will then be randomized 2:1 to receive additional Money Management (MM) services or no additional services. Money Management services, whose principles are predicated on contingency management, have been demonstrated to stabilize patients through improved social functioning, adherence to care, and decreased homelessness and substance misuse among patients with substance use disorder and severe mental illness.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00841711
|United States, Connecticut|
|Yale Clinical Research|
|New Haven, Connecticut, United States, 06510|
|Waterbury Hosp ID Clinic|
|Waterbury, Connecticut, United States, 06708|
|Principal Investigator:||Frederick L Altice, MD||Yale University|