Lucentis to Treat Pigment Epithelial Detachment
|Study Design:||Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||Intravitreal Lucentis (iL) (Ranibizumab) for the Treatment of AMD Related Pigment Epithelial Detachment (PED)|
- To investigate whether iL given monthly for 6 months in patients with Predominantly PED lesions (secondary to AMD) will significantly improve mean visual acuity from baseline on a standardized ETDRS chart. [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
- To evaluate the effect of iL given monthly for 6 months in patients with Predominantly PED lesions on lesion growth and activity over the study period. [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
- To evaluate the effect of iL given monthly for 6 months in patients with Predominantly PED lesions alone on contrast sensitivity. [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
- To evaluate the effect of iL given monthly for 6 months in patients with Predominantly PED lesions on central retinal thickness via Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT). [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
- To evaluate the effect of iL given for up to 12 months in patients with Predominantly PED lesions on lesion growth and activity over the study period. [ Time Frame: 12 months ]
- To evaluate the effect of iL given for up to 12 months in patients with Predominantly PED lesions on central retinal thickness via Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT). [ Time Frame: 12 months ]
|Study Start Date:||December 2008|
|Study Completion Date:||December 2011|
|Primary Completion Date:||September 2011 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
All patients receive iL for for first 6 months of study. At 6 months - patients are classified as "responders" or "non-responders". "Responders" receive iL PRN based on OCT,clinical exam etc. "Non-responders" are seen again at 12 months for repeat investigations.
Ranibizumab 0.5 mgs. (0.05 mls.) intravitreally for 6 months then as needed prn for 6 months.
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Exudative Age Related Macular Degeneration (AMD) results in a significant and severe visual loss if left untreated as documented in natural history and observational arms of studies such as the macular photocoagulation study (MPS) and the Tap and VIP study with Visudyne. It is also clear however, that the different lesion types (classified by intravenous fluorescein angiography ((IVFA)) as occult, minimally classic or predominately classic) have both a different natural history and a different response to treatment.
The recent introduction of the anti-VEGF agents such as Macugen and Lucentis have significantly advanced our ability to treat AMD as both agents show clear efficacy across all lesion subtypes regardless of lesion composition.
A clear absence of literature on clinical outcomes exist however for fibrovascular pigment epithelial detachments (PED). PED represents a form of exudative AMD which clearly behaves in a unique and distinctive manner when compared to the lesion(s) described above.
As standard exclusion criteria within most of the major AMD trials, lesion composition of any IVFA subtype is acceptable as long as less then 50% of the lesion is composed of blood or pigment epithelial detachment. This has resulted in a notable absence of clinical literature on the response of predominately PED type lesions to current standard of care anti-VEGF agents. In an effort to address this absence, a prospective evaluation of the response of predominately PED type lesions to Lucentis, the current gold standard therapy is needed.
Thirty two patients will be recruited to participate based on the Inclusion / Exclusion Criteria described in a later paragraph.
Patients will receive monthly intravitreal Lucentis injections every 33 days (+/- 4 days) for 6 months. At 6 months, patients will be evaluated based on ETDRS Visual Acuity and OCT to determine response to Lucentis therapy. Patients not experiencing a visual improvement from baseline ETDRS acuity (defined as a net gain from baseline of 10 or more letters) or showing a reduction in the height of the fibrovascular PED lesion on OCT of greater than 30% from baseline OCT will be deemed Lucentis non-responders. These patients will receive no further intravitreal Lucentis injections, but will undergo re-evaluation at 12 months.
Patients deemed responders, will continue with an OCT-guided 6 months active treatment period. In these patients, iL will be administered if evidence of visual loss of 1 or more lines (Snellen) from 6-month visit values, evidence of intraretinal or subretinal fluid on OCT, or growth of PED by greater than 50 microns from the 6-month visit OCT values.
Non-responders will be evaluated only at the 12-month final visit.
Baseline IVFA, OCT, Snellen Visual Acuity, ETDRS refraction and contrast sensitivity will be obtained along with a comprehensive ophthalmological examination. Complete diagnostic assessments including fluorescein angiography, OCT and visual function testing will be repeated at 3, 6 and 12 months after baseline treatment. In addition, patients who will continue on active intravitreal Lucentis therapy beyond 6 months (responders), will undergo monthly OCT examinations (months 6 through 11) and ophthalmic safety examinations in order to determine the need for Lucentis administration.
At the final, Month 12 visit, all patients will undergo ophthalmic examination, OCT, ETDRS refraction, Snellen Visual Acuity and contrast sensitivity.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00841581
|Ivey Eye Institute|
|London, Ontario, Canada, N6A 4G5|
|Principal Investigator:||Thomas G Sheidow, MD||Ivey Eye Institute, LOndon, Ontario, Canada|