Renal Function Assessment in HIV Patient (HIVERS)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00821847
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : January 14, 2009
Last Update Posted : July 31, 2012
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Assistance Publique - Hôpitaux de Paris

Brief Summary:

Recent progress in antiretroviral therapy has turned HIV infection into a chronic disease. Patients survival has dramatically improved but complications may occur that need to be prevented and monitored. As much as 10 % of HIV patients may suffer from chronic kidney disease, an affection that is not symptomatic until a very late stage secondary to HIV infection, drugs exposure, hypertension or diabetes. Guidelines have suggested that renal function should be regularly assessed in HIV patients to perform early diagnosis for chronic kidney disease and allow initiation of preventive measures aimed at preserving renal function.

Plasma creatinine dosage is the easiest way to evaluate renal function but glomerular filtration rate estimation from cockcroft or MDRD formulae is a much better indicator of renal function. Other markers like cystatin C may be used. None of these markers has been validated in HIV patients. Therefore our study is aimed at comparing validity of creatinine clearance estimation with Cockcroft and Gault and MDRD formula and cystatin C compared to the gold standard measurement of glomerular renal function.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment
Chronic Kidney Disease HIV Infections Other: DEXA scan

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Detailed Description:

Aim of the study :

The aim of our study is to test the different available markers for the estimation of glomerular filtration rate (GFR) in HIV patients in order to determine which one is the more appropriated in this particular population. We will analyze the role of the variation in muscular mass in the estimation of GFR

Background :

Several lines of evidence point to renal disease becoming an important complication of human immunodeficiency virus infection and therapy. The spectrum of renal disease in the HIV patient has dramatically changed with HIV associated nephropathy becoming less prevalent and chronic kidney disease [CKD] becoming an everyday concern parallel to the prevalence of renal risk factors such as aging, hypertension and diabetes. Different studies have shown that the prevalence of CKD defined as an estimated glomerular filtration rate below 60 ml/min/1.73m2 is around 10% in HIV patients. CKD is associated with increased mortality, a new concept that has emerged in the past years putting CKD in the top 5 critical cardiovascular risk factors. Evaluating individual renal function in HIV patients allows better care in prevention of cardiovascular events as well as initiation of nephro-protection strategies in order to slow down the loss of renal function and alleviate or postpone the need for dialysis. Since HIV patients also receive chronic multi-therapy, evaluating renal function is also mandatory to allow drug dosage adaptation.

Plasma creatinine dosage is routinely used to estimate GFR but it is closely correlated to age, sex, weight and ethnic origin of the patients. All these factors make creatinine unreliable for GFR estimation. Laboratory dosage of creatinine may be performed with different techniques (JAFFE or enzymatic dosage) with a 20% variation in the results for the same patient. None of the GFR estimation formulae (Cockcroft et Gault or MDRD) have been validated in HIV patients. Cystatin C, a new marker still under evaluation, seems to show some interest in such patients because of its relative independency with regard to muscle mass, but has not been tested in HIV patients. Some cystatin C based formulae have been proposed but not yet tested and validated in HIV patients. HIV infected patients may exhibit abnormal body composition particularly affecting lipids but also, as shown recently, muscle mass. Our study will precisely measure body composition in order to allow interpretation of the variations of the renal markers with regard to muscle mass.


60 patients (men, caucasians) with an estimated GFR between 60 and 15 ml/min/1.73m2 will be included in the study. After giving all necessary information and collection of informed consent, blood will be drown to allow creatinine, cystatin C, albumin, C reactive protein and urea dosages. GFR will be measured using plasmatic clearance of EDTA-51Cr. Body composition will be performed using DEXA scan. Two visits will be necessary to complete the evaluation for every patient, scheduled at the same time than the routine medical visits.

Expected results :

Our study should allow better definition of the ideal marker for GFR in HIV infected male. Il will also afford better comprehension of the factors involved in the variation of creatinine dosage in this population namely those related to the biochemical dosage and to the change in body composition.

Conclusion :

HIV infection and its treatment is definitely a serious risk factor for renal disease. Although, optimal care for HIV-infected patients becomes more and more complex due to multiple comorbidities, efforts must be made to diagnose a decline in glomerular filtration rate in order to provide improved control of CKD-associated cardiovascular risk and optimized antiretroviral therapy. Therefore evaluating glomerular filtration rate is critical in HIV-infected patients to allow determination of the optimum follow up strategy and the critical therapeutic measures, namely drug dosage adaptation.

Study Type : Observational
Actual Enrollment : 45 participants
Observational Model: Cohort
Time Perspective: Cross-Sectional
Official Title: Markers of Glomerular Filtration Rate in the HIV Infected Patient - Role of Body Composition
Study Start Date : June 2009
Actual Primary Completion Date : March 2012
Actual Study Completion Date : March 2012

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

U.S. FDA Resources

Group/Cohort Intervention/treatment
male, caucasian, HIV infected patients with glomerular filtration rate between 60 and 30 ml/min (estimated with cockcroft and Gault formulae)
Other: DEXA scan
DEXA scan

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. GFR estimated with Cockcroft and Gault and MDRD formulae and cystatin C dosage compared to isotopic evaluation of GFR [ Time Frame: within 10 weeks after inclusion ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Variability of creatinine plasma dosage within two different methods [ Time Frame: during the study ]
  2. Role of bone density on validity of renal function markers in HIV patients [ Time Frame: during the study ]

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Male
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Sampling Method:   Non-Probability Sample
Study Population
male, caucasian, HIV infected patients with glomerular filtration rate between 60 and 30 ml/min (estimated with cockcroft and Gault formulae)

Inclusion criteria :

  • 18 Years and older
  • Patients must have detectable HIV-1 by western-blot consent signature
  • Estimated glomerular filtration rate, by Modification of Diet in Renal Disease (MDRD) or Cockcroft equation, between 30 and 60 ml/min/1.73m2
  • Male
  • Caucasian
  • Patient provides informed consent
  • Patient able to respect the protocol
  • social security affiliation

Exclusion criteria :

  • acute renal failure
  • dysthyroidal function
  • metallic prosthesis
  • unable to understand the informed consent document
  • venous puncture impossible
  • receiving steroids
  • no possible follow up

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00821847

Pitié Salpetriere Hospital
Paris, France, 75013
Sponsors and Collaborators
Assistance Publique - Hôpitaux de Paris
Principal Investigator: Corinne Isnard Bagnis, MD, PhD Assistance Publique - Hôpitaux de Paris

Responsible Party: Assistance Publique - Hôpitaux de Paris Identifier: NCT00821847     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: P080202
First Posted: January 14, 2009    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: July 31, 2012
Last Verified: June 2008

Keywords provided by Assistance Publique - Hôpitaux de Paris:
glomerular filtration rate
MDRD formula
cystatin C
isotopic clearance
DEXA scan

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
HIV Infections
Kidney Diseases
Renal Insufficiency, Chronic
Lentivirus Infections
Retroviridae Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Virus Diseases
Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Viral
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Immunologic Deficiency Syndromes
Immune System Diseases
Urologic Diseases
Renal Insufficiency