Diagnostic and Management Strategies for Invasive Aspergillosis

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00816088
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : December 31, 2008
Last Update Posted : December 23, 2014
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Mansour Ceesay, King's College Hospital NHS Trust

Brief Summary:
Fungal infections caused by Aspergillus fumigatus are now identified in up to 45% of patients dying from haematological malignancy. There has been a significant increase in deaths from IA over the last 20 years. Our current diagnostic approach is neither sensitive nor specific. The purpose of this study is to prospectively assess the value of current diagnostic tools, as well as test other new diagnostic methods for the diagnosis of IA among haemato-oncology patients undergoing chemotherapy or stem cell transplantation.

Condition or disease
Invasive Aspergillosis Neutropenia

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Detailed Description:

The basis of the diagnosis of invasive aspergillosis is usually based on radiological appearances, which are neither sensitive nor specific. The burden of this problem is also not properly documented and there is paucity of prospective data in the literature. Therefore, we want to prospectively collect complete epidemiological data on all our patients. In addition we want to collaborate with radiological, respiratory, and microbiological colleagues to develop a unified approach to diagnosis. In the initial 12−18 months of the study all adult haemato−oncology patients likely to be rendered neutropenic during their treatment will be enrolled. All clinical data will be collected including dose, duration, and side−effects of anti−fungals administered. We will evaluate accepted diagnostic modalities for IA including the determination of optimum cut−offs for galactomannan and B−D−glucan in serum and urine in this cohort. In addition we would investigate the utility of other approaches for the diagnosis of IA such as markers for tissue injury and cytokine profiling.

We would test the urine in parallel with blood for galactomannan and B−D glucan to assess its usefulness with respect to blood.

CT scanning forms an important cornerstone of our diagnostic workup currently. However, there is paucity of data on the natural history and spectrum of CT changes in neutropenic patients with IA. Thus, our aim is to carefully document such changes in our cohort. We aim to rationalise CT imaging in the following way:

  1. Baseline CT:

    We aim to perform an initial non−contrast enhanced thin−section continuous volume acquisition thoracic CT study on all the study patients. This will allow us to establish a "baseline" of normality in addition to potentially identifying those patients with pre−existing but indeterminate pulmonary lesions prior to chemotherapy or stem−cell transplantation.

  2. Diagnostic CT:

    Neutropaenic patients with febrile episodes that are unresponsive to standard second−line broad−spectrum antibiotics combination (currently meropenem and vancomycin) will be referred for a contrast−enhanced thin section continuous volume CT scan. The purpose of this CT study is primarily to support the clinical suspicion of a diagnosis of IA and to determine its morphological extent. The purpose of the contrast injection is to test the hypothesis that in patients with IA, regions of necrotic lung (in contrast to other "inflammatory" or infective lesions) should not demonstrate any contrast enhancement.

  3. Follow−up CTs (x2):

In patients with CT features of IA on the Diagnostic CT (see No. 2 above) and who have been commenced on antifungal chemotherapy, two follow−up, low−dose CTs (without iv contrast) will be performed at 10 days and 4 weeks after the diagnostic CT. These CT studies will not only allow us to evaluate the serial changes on CT but also determine the potential relationships between the initial CT features, haematological factors and outcome.

To increase the diagnostic yield, patients who are referred for lung biopsy, will undergo the technique of preoperative "labeling": small indeterminate lung nodules are frequently invisible and impalpable. There is an encouraging literature which indicates that preoperative labeling of lung lesions with a small (0.3−0.5ml) volume of methylene blue which acts a guidance track for the surgeon, may significantly improve the diagnostic yield from surgical (open or video−assisted thoracoscopic) biopsy.

Transplant patients typically would have 2−4 cycles of chemotherapy prior to admission for transplant. As such they have more chance of developing neutropenic infection and IA. Therefore we would perform a baseline bronchoscopy and washing (BAL) to assess the cytokine profile at admission and ensure that no infection is apparent before the initiation of transplant conditioning. A small amount of the BAL sample would be frozen and stored for future studies. Additional bronchoscopy may be done later during admission for both transplant and non-transplant patients if the clinical situation warrants it according to our current clinical practice.

Management strategies would also be assessed prospectively to evaluate the role of both prophylaxis and treatment. We are currently using itraconazole as our prophylactic agent of choice. Serum itraconazole levels will be measured on a weekly basis in all patients to ensure therapeutic levels are achieved.

We will be conducting costing analysis.

Study Type : Observational
Actual Enrollment : 203 participants
Observational Model: Cohort
Time Perspective: Prospective
Official Title: Diagnostic and Management Strategies for Invasive Aspergillosis in Neutropenic Adult Haemato-Oncology Patients With a Proposal for Investigation of a Novel Potential Marker for Early Diagnosis: a Prospective Cohort Study
Study Start Date : December 2008
Actual Primary Completion Date : December 2011
Actual Study Completion Date : December 2011

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Aspergillosis
U.S. FDA Resources

Patients undergoing stem cell transplantation or chemotherapy likely to lead to prolonged neutropenia.

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. To determine the incidence of IFD using a comprehensive diagnostic approach [ Time Frame: 3 years ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Evaluation of established and experimental diagnostic methods [ Time Frame: 2-3 years ]
  2. Costing analysis [ Time Frame: 2-3 years ]
  3. Establish the prognostic value of CT appearances in patients with IA [ Time Frame: 2-3 years ]
  4. Assessing the value of methylene blue 'tattooing' prior to surgical biopsy [ Time Frame: 2-3 years ]

Biospecimen Retention:   Samples With DNA
Seum, Whole blood, urine, broncho-alveolar lavage, tissue

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Sampling Method:   Non-Probability Sample
Study Population
Haemato-oncology patients undergoing high dose chemotherapy or stem cell transplantation likely to render them neutropenic.

Inclusion Criteria:

  • All adult haemato-oncology patients admitted for transplant or high dose chemotherapy and able to consent.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • children (< 18 years old) or inability or refusal to consent.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00816088

United Kingdom
King's College Hospital NHS Foundation Trust
London, United Kingdom, SE5 9RS
Sponsors and Collaborators
King's College Hospital NHS Trust
Principal Investigator: M.Mansour Ceesay, FRCPath Kings College Hospital
Principal Investigator: Antonio Pagliuca, FRCPath Kings College Hospital
Principal Investigator: Jim Wade, FRCPath Kings College Hospital
Principal Investigator: Melvyn Smith, PhD Kings College Hospital
Principal Investigator: Sujal Desai, FRCR Kings College Hospital

Publications automatically indexed to this study by Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: Mansour Ceesay, Clinical Research Fellow, King's College Hospital NHS Trust Identifier: NCT00816088     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 08/H0808/154
First Posted: December 31, 2008    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: December 23, 2014
Last Verified: December 2014

Keywords provided by Mansour Ceesay, King's College Hospital NHS Trust:
Stem cell transplantation

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Leukocyte Disorders
Hematologic Diseases
Lung Diseases, Fungal
Skin Diseases, Infectious
Skin Diseases