Letrozole in Treating Women With Primary Breast Cancer Who Have Received 5 Years of Aromatase Inhibitor Therapy
RATIONALE: Estrogen can cause the growth of breast cancer cells. Hormone therapy using letrozole may fight breast cancer by lowering the amount of estrogen the body makes. It is not yet known whether letrozole is more effective than a placebo in treating in women with breast cancer who have already received 5 years of aromatase inhibitor therapy.
PURPOSE: This randomized phase III trial is studying letrozole to see how well it works compared with a placebo in treating women with primary breast cancer who have received 5 years of aromatase inhibitor therapy.
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Triple (Participant, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||A Double Blind Randomization to Letrozole or Placebo for Women Previously Diagnosed With Primary Breast Cancer Completing Five Years of Adjuvant Aromatase Inhibitor Either as Initial Therapy or After Tamoxifen (Including Those in The MA.17 Study)|
- Disease-free survival [ Time Frame: 8 years ]
- Incidence of contralateral breast cancer [ Time Frame: 8 years ]
- Overall survival [ Time Frame: 8 years ]
- Long-term clinical and laboratory safety of aromatase inhibitor therapy, particularly cardiovascular morbidity and mortality, changes in bone mineral density, incidence of all bone fractures, and common toxicities [ Time Frame: 8 years ]
- Quality of life (QOL) as assessed by SF-36 Health Survey and the Menopause-Specific QOL Questionnaire (NCIC CTG participating centers) [ Time Frame: 8 years ]
|Study Start Date:||October 2004|
|Estimated Study Completion Date:||February 2017|
|Primary Completion Date:||July 2015 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Experimental: Arm I
Patients receive oral letrozole once daily for up to 5 years in the absence of unacceptable toxicity, disease recurrence, or development of a second malignancy.
Other Name: femara
Placebo Comparator: Arm II
Patients receive oral placebo once daily for up to 5 years in the absence of unacceptable toxicity, disease recurrence, or development of a second malignancy.
Other Name: sugar pill
- To compare the disease-free survival of women with primary breast cancer treated with letrozole vs placebo after completing approximately 5 years (i.e., 4½ - 6 years) of aromatase inhibitor therapy (e.g., letrozole, anastrozole, or exemestane).
- To compare the effect of these drugs on overall (all cause specific) mortality of these patients.
- To compare the incidence of contralateral breast cancer in patients treated with these drugs.
- To evaluate the long-term clinical and laboratory safety of aromatase inhibitor therapy, particularly cardiovascular morbidity and mortality (e.g., significant coronary artery disease, including myocardial infarction and angina requiring percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty or coronary artery bypass graft, fatal and nonfatal strokes, and all vascular deaths); incidence of all bone fractures (with particular emphasis on hip and wrist fractures as indicators of osteoporosis); changes in bone density; and common toxicities.
- To compare overall quality of life (QOL) and menopausal-specific QOL of patients treated with these drugs.
OUTLINE: This is a multicenter study. Patients are stratified according to lymph node status at diagnosis (negative vs positive vs unknown), prior adjuvant chemotherapy (yes vs no), interval between last dose of aromatase inhibitor therapy and study randomization (< 6 months vs 6 months to 2 years), and duration of prior tamoxifen citrate use (0 vs < 2 years vs 2 - 4½ years vs > 4½ years). Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 treatment arms.
- Arm I: Patients receive oral letrozole once daily for up to 5 years in the absence of unacceptable toxicity, disease recurrence, or development of a second malignancy.
- Arm II: Patients receive oral placebo once daily for up to 5 years in the absence of unacceptable toxicity, disease recurrence, or development of a second malignancy.
Patients undergo bone mineral density measurement by DEXA scan at baseline (if not done within 12 months of study entry), at 24 and 48 months during study therapy, and at the completion of study therapy. Some patients also complete quality-of-life questionnaires at baseline and at 12, 24, 36, 48, and 60 months.
After completion of study therapy, patients are followed annually.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00754845
Show 43 Study Locations
|Study Chair:||Paul E. Goss, MD, PhD||Massachusetts General Hospital|