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Sublingual Immunotherapy for Food Allergy

This study has been terminated.
(Due to recently published research, this is no longer a novel study.)
Sponsor:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00736281
First Posted: August 15, 2008
Last Update Posted: June 17, 2016
The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Robert P. Zitsch III, University of Missouri-Columbia
  Purpose

The questions proposed by this study are those of safety and efficacy.

  1. Concerning safety: "Are sublingual food drops (SLIT) safe enough to be used for stimulation of natural immune suppression in patients with food allergies?"
  2. Concerning efficacy: "Do the drops suppress food allergy enough for patients to eat previously allergic foods with little or no allergic reaction?"

The aim of this trial is to provide systematic collection of data proving the safety and efficacy of food drops in the correction of food allergy. A patient's range of symptoms, which can include but are not limited to fatigue, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal pain, and insomnia can be diagnostic indicators of food allergies.

An approach to answering the above questions can be done by a randomized, controlled, blinded study. The design of our study could be reasonable and powerful because this layout limits bias and accounts for placebo effects:

The patients enrolled in our study will present with food allergy symptoms and diagnostic tests will provide the specific information regarding their food allergies. Once the diagnosis has been made and consent for treatment has been obtained, participants will be randomly assigned to either the group that receives the food allergy intervention with SLIT ( food allergens mixed with 50% glycerin in a vial) or the group that receives the control SLIT (glycerin only). The patients are truly blinded to their treatment because all the SLIT food allergy vials are identical and contain no distinguishing features that could reveal their contents. There is also no difference in taste between a vial containing glycerin and food allergens and a vial containing only glycerin. Therefore, a food allergy SLIT randomized-controlled study can be reasonably achieved.


Condition Intervention
Food Allergies Other: Food Drops: Food Allergens (peptides)

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Double (Participant, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Sublingual Immunotherapy for Food Allergy

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Robert P. Zitsch III, University of Missouri-Columbia:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Validated Questionnaires will be administered to trial participants at 3, 6, 9, 12 months after achieving the maintenance dose of food drops. [ Time Frame: safety and efficacy questionnaires administered at 3, 6, 9, 12 months after achieving the maintenance dose of food drops ]

Enrollment: 31
Study Start Date: October 2008
Study Completion Date: June 2016
Primary Completion Date: June 2016 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
No Intervention: Placebo Food Drops
The patients enrolled in our study will present with food allergy symptoms and diagnostic tests will provide the specific information regarding their food allergies. Once the diagnosis has been made and consent for treatment has been obtained, participants will be randomly assigned to either the group that receives the food allergy intervention with SLIT ( food allergens mixed with 50% glycerin in a vial) or the group that receives the control SLIT (glycerin only). The patients are truly blinded to their treatment because all the SLIT food allergy vials are identical and contain no distinguishing features that could reveal their contents. There is also no difference in taste between a vial containing glycerin and food allergens and a vial containing only glycerin.
Active Comparator: Food Drops
Group 2 (intervention group) will receive sublingual immunotherapy (escalation followed by maintenance) with vials containing glycerin and the previously diagnosed food allergens (peptides).
Other: Food Drops: Food Allergens (peptides)
The patients enrolled in our study will present with food allergy symptoms and diagnostic tests will provide the specific information regarding their food allergies. Once the diagnosis has been made and consent for treatment has been obtained, participants will be randomly assigned to either the group that receives the food allergy intervention with SLIT ( food allergens mixed with 50% glycerin in a vial) or the group that receives the control SLIT (glycerin only). The patients are truly blinded to their treatment because all the SLIT food allergy vials are identical and contain no distinguishing features that could reveal their contents. There is also no difference in taste between a vial containing glycerin and food allergens and a vial containing only glycerin.

  Hide Detailed Description

Detailed Description:

Design:

Randomized-controlled blinded trial to evaluate the safety and efficacy of sublingual immunotherapy for food allergy sufferers. The study will report any adverse events caused by the administration of food allergy drops. Food allergy can manifest itself in many forms including general fatigue, abdominal pain, GERD, nausea, and other symptoms.

End Points:

Comparison between groups 1 and 2 about patient-reported adverse, as well as beneficial, events while on food allergy immunotherapy at 3, 6, 9, 12 months after maintenance dose is achieved (SLIT questionnaire). These comparisons relate to both safety and efficacy issues.

Methodology:

Trial subjects will be identified by their presenting complaints due to ingestion of certain symptomatic foods. Clinical assessment of potential food allergy participants for SLIT will occur according to usual testing standards. All participants will have diagnostic tests (usually RAST analysis and or food challenge techniques) to confirm specific food allergies. Subjects who meet the inclusion criteria will be asked to participate in the study through informed consent. Once consent has been obtained, the subject will be randomly assigned to either the control or the intervention group.

Group 1 (control group) will receive sublingual immunotherapy (escalation followed by maintenance) with vials containing glycerin.

Group 2 (intervention group) will receive sublingual immunotherapy (escalation followed by maintenance) with vials containing glycerin and the previously diagnosed food allergens.

After the offending foods are diagnosed, the subject will be instructed to avoid these foods until they have been on the 9-week escalation doses and the maintenance immunotherapy dose for six months. After this eight-month combined period of escalation and maintenance, the participants will be allowed to reintroduce the known offending foods. In addition, participants will be asked to respond to questionnaires at pre-defined intervals in regards to any adverse symptoms they may have experienced while on maintenance SLIT. These questionnaires will allow us to determine if food drops contribute to adverse events, as well as how effective the drops are at suppressing immune response to previously allergic foods.

Procedures:

At the initial clinic visit, potential subjects will be asked to elaborate on specific food allergy symptoms in order to obtain a better understanding of the food allergies involved. Also, diagnostic tests will be performed based on signs and symptoms and these can include:

  1. Clinical History
  2. Radioallergosorbent Test (RAST)
  3. Oral Food Challenge Participants in the intervention group will receive SLIT with glycerin and individualized food allergens. Subjects in the control group will receive SLIT with glycerin only.

The expected length for an individual's participation is sixteen to eighteen months. This period includes the time between the initial clinic visit and diagnostic work-up, the achievement of SLIT maintenance dose, and the 3,6,9,12 month post-maintenance dose safety questionnaires.

Stopping rules apply to the intervention and placebo groups in the case of an adverse event.

  Eligibility

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


Ages Eligible for Study:   4 Years and older   (Child, Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Chronic, reproducible symptoms following meals.
  2. Multiple food allergies where dietary avoidance is nearly impossible.
  3. Patients age 4 and older.
  4. Testing to verify food allergies is positive.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. History of anaphylaxis, angioedema, asthma, or life-endangering reactions to certain food products.
  2. Children under the age of 4.
  3. Previous attempts to treat food allergy (subcutaneous injections).
  4. General medical condition that precludes elective therapy (including pregnancy).
  5. Inability to follow food allergy SLIT regimen.
  6. Autoimmune Disease.
  7. Chronic use of steroids.
  Contacts and Locations
Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00736281


Locations
United States, Missouri
University Hospital: Department of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery
Columbia, Missouri, United States, 65212
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Missouri-Columbia
Investigators
Study Chair: Rebecca Schneider, M.S. University of Missouri - Department of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery
  More Information

Responsible Party: Robert P. Zitsch III, Department Chair, University of Missouri-Columbia
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00736281     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: MU-ENT-1118937
First Submitted: August 14, 2008
First Posted: August 15, 2008
Last Update Posted: June 17, 2016
Last Verified: June 2016

Keywords provided by Robert P. Zitsch III, University of Missouri-Columbia:
Sublingual Immunotherapy for Food Allergy
Food Drops for Food Allergy

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Hypersensitivity
Food Hypersensitivity
Immune System Diseases
Hypersensitivity, Immediate
Glycerol
Cryoprotective Agents
Protective Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs