A Comparison of Steel and Bioabsorbable Screw Fixation of Lisfranc Foot Injuries (Lisfranc)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00689962
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : June 4, 2008
Last Update Posted : January 18, 2017
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Jamal Ahmad, Rothman Institute Orthopaedics

Brief Summary:
I hypothesize that absorbable screw fixation of the foot's Lisfranc ligaments does not yield significant differences in postoperative foot stability, ligament function, and symptoms when compared to steel screw fixation. In addition, absorbable screw fixation of the Lisfranc ligaments offers the advantage that a second surgical procedure to remove the screw is not necessary.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Joint Instability Device: Linvatec 4.5 mm Smart Screw Device: Synthes 4.0 mm steel screw Phase 4

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Detailed Description:

The Lisfranc ligaments are a group of ligaments that connect the bones of the middle portion of the foot to each other. The Lisfranc ligaments allow for a normal and stable range of motion and shape to the foot.

When the Lisfranc ligaments are disrupted, the stability it had given to the middle of the foot is lost. Attempted activity at the foot will result in pain and abnormal motion. If injury to the Lisfranc ligaments is left untreated, the eventual end result is foot arthritis and deformity.

The current standard orthopaedic treatment of Lisfranc ligament injuries is surgery. The Lisfranc ligaments are fixed by compressing the space between the middle bones of the foot with steel screws. These screws allow for ligament healing. As the ligaments heal, the patient should not resume activity with the fixed foot too soon as the screw may break. A second surgical procedure is often recommended to remove the screw 6 months after surgery. This allows for a complete return of normal foot range of motion, but at the cost of a second procedure.

The use of materials that can be absorbed by the human body to fix the Lisfranc ligaments has only been studied in 1 paper. One such material is the Smart Screw (Bionx, Blue Bell, Pennsylvania) which is approved by the Food and Drug Administration (F.D.A.) and made of polylevolactic acid (PLA). Absorbable screws could be ideal for the treatment of Lisfranc ligament injuries.

Comparing the long-term results of fixing the Lisfranc ligaments with either a steel or absorbable screw is important as there are no studies on the subject to date. There is only 1 published study regarding absorbable screws to fix the Lisfranc ligaments. The purpose of this study is to compare the outcome of steel and absorbable screw fixation of the Lisfranc ligaments in foot injuries in one surgeon's (J.A.) practice at Thomas Jefferson University Hospital, Riddle Memorial Hospital, and Nazareth Hospital.

This study will be conducted in a prospective manner. This study does not focus on experimental procedures or components, but rather involves the accepted management of a select population of patients.

This study will be performed in a randomized, prospective manner involving 2 groups of patients (steel vs. bioabsorbable screw populations) from 3 different hospitals. Power analysis has been conducted to ensure an adequate patient population size.

The risks to patients will be minimal. The standard risks of fixing the Lisfranc ligaments include bleeding, infection, nerve injury, recurrent foot instability, and the dangers of administering anesthesia.

Study Groups Chosen patients for this study will be randomly assigned to one of two groups. Group A will consist of patients that receive the steel screw. Group B will contain the patients that receive the absorbable screw. Postoperative activity restrictions and rehabilitation will be kept the same between the two groups.

Routine protocols for care of foot fracture patients will be utilized regarding infection, wound care, pain control, and weightbearing restrictions. The involved foot will be placed in a non-weight-bearing splint that patients are requested to avoid handling until it is removed by the PI upon the first postoperative visit.

Patients who have their injury fixed using steel screws, need a second surgery in 6 months for removal of the screw. This is the standard textbook treatment and is not a revision surgery. Patients who will receive absorbable screw, wont need this surgery. This will be discussed with the patient at the time of the approach for recruitment.

Outcome evaluation The PI will monitor and follow the patients during and after surgery. Data collection will include the details of the surgery, intraoperative and postoperative course including complications if applicable, and number of revision surgeries performed should they occur. These patients received postoperative follow-up at 2 weeks, 6 weeks, 3 months, 6 months, 1 year, 2 years, and 3 years. Both groups of patients are prohibited from bearing weight on the affected foot for six weeks. Patients will be instructed to gradually increase weight-bearing starting at six weeks.

Postoperative satisfaction and function which will be scored according to the American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) Midfoot scale which is highly accepted for its validity, reliability, and reproducibility.

Patients will also be asked about their satisfaction with the surgical results using both the 10 cm visual analog scale (VAS) and a four-point scale (poor, mild, good, and excellent). Observed complications including need for further revision surgeries would be documented. All of this information would have been gathered during the patients' follow-up visits in the outpatient clinics after surgery. For those patients that receive a steel screw, they will receive a second outpatient surgical procedure after the 6-month postoperative follow-up to remove that screw using current standard orthopaedic technique.

Postoperative foot X-rays of these patients during their follow up in the outpatient setting will also be examined to view proper alignment and compression of the middle portion of the foot together which indicates healing of the Lisfranc ligaments. Radiographs are used to evaluate the screw for breakage. In the case of the absorbable screw, radiographs are also done to assess absorption.

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 50 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Randomized, Prospective Comparison of Stainless Steel and Bioabsorbable Screw Fixation of Lisfranc Foot Injuries
Study Start Date : July 2008
Actual Primary Completion Date : July 2016
Actual Study Completion Date : July 2016

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: 1
Patients with unstable Lisfranc foot fracture-dislocations that receive bioabsorbable screw fixation through surgery.
Device: Linvatec 4.5 mm Smart Screw
Linvatec 4.5 mm Smart Screw to surgically fix the foot's Lisfranc ligaments

Active Comparator: 2
Patients with unstable Lisfranc fracture-dislocations of the foot that receive steel screw fixation through surgery.
Device: Synthes 4.0 mm steel screw
Standard steel screw use to surgically fix the foot's Lisfranc ligaments.

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Foot and Ankle Ability Measures [ Time Frame: 3 years ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Visual Analog Score for pain [ Time Frame: 3 years ]
  2. X-rays for maintained healing [ Time Frame: 3 years ]

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 75 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Subjects will be adults of any gender or race.
  2. Subjects will be adults between 18 and 75 years of age.
  3. The underlying diagnosis will be a Lisfranc foot injury.
  4. The indication for fixing the Lisfranc ligaments is abnormal separation of the middle part of the foot from each other.
  5. Subjects will have received either a steel or absorbable screw to fix the Lisfranc ligaments.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Subjects may not have any cognitive impairment that would, in the investigator's opinion, preclude study participation or compliance with protocol mandated procedures.
  2. Subjects may not have a history of known alcohol, analgesic, or narcotic substance abuse within 12 months prior to pretreatment.
  3. Subjects may not have a history of severe psychiatric illness such as depression or psychosis that may influence the results of administered outcome questionnaires.
  4. Subjects may not be pregnant.
  5. Subjects may be excluded from this study for any reason that may pose unnecessary risk or confounding of data, in the judgment of the investigator. This includes the 4 above points.
  6. Subjects must not have intact or normal Lisfranc ligaments in the foot.
  7. Subjects may not have a history of deep Lisfranc joint infection.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00689962

United States, Pennsylvania
Riddle Memorial Hospital
Media, Pennsylvania, United States, 19063
Nazareth Hospital
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States, 19152
Sponsors and Collaborators
Rothman Institute Orthopaedics
Principal Investigator: Jamal Ahmad, M.D. Rothman Institute Orthopaedics

Responsible Party: Jamal Ahmad, Assistant Professor of Orthopaedic Surgery, Rothman Institute Orthopaedics Identifier: NCT00689962     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: Lisfranc 1
First Posted: June 4, 2008    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: January 18, 2017
Last Verified: January 2017

Keywords provided by Jamal Ahmad, Rothman Institute Orthopaedics:

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Joint Instability
Foot Injuries
Joint Diseases
Musculoskeletal Diseases
Leg Injuries
Wounds and Injuries