Gemcitabine With or Without Capecitabine and/or Radiation Therapy or Gemcitabine With or Without Erlotinib in Treating Patients With Locally Advanced Pancreatic Cancer That Cannot Be Removed by Surgery

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00634725
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : March 13, 2008
Last Update Posted : December 11, 2015
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
GERCOR - Multidisciplinary Oncology Cooperative Group

Brief Summary:

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as gemcitabine and capecitabine, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing. Erlotinib may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. Radiation therapy uses high-energy x-rays to kill tumor cells. It is not yet known which regimen of chemotherapy with or without erlotinib and/or radiation therapy is most effective in treating pancreatic cancer.

PURPOSE: This randomized phase III trial is studying giving gemcitabine together with or without capecitabine and/or radiation therapy to see how well it works compared with giving gemcitabine together with or without erlotinib in treating patients with locally advanced pancreatic cancer that cannot be removed by surgery.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Pancreatic Cancer Drug: capecitabine Drug: erlotinib hydrochloride Drug: gemcitabine hydrochloride Other: laboratory biomarker analysis Radiation: radiation therapy Phase 3

  Show Detailed Description

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 820 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Randomized Multicenter Phase III Study in Patients With Locally Advanced Adenocarcinoma of the Pancreas: Gemcitabine With or Without Chemoradiotherapy and With or Without Erlotinib. Intergroup Study
Study Start Date : February 2008
Actual Primary Completion Date : February 2013
Actual Study Completion Date : September 2014

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

U.S. FDA Resources

Arm Intervention/treatment
Active Comparator: Arm 1 (A1) - Gemcitabine
Gemcitabine 2 months, then stop until progression
Drug: gemcitabine hydrochloride Other: laboratory biomarker analysis
Experimental: Arm 2 (B1) Gemcitabine + Erlotinib
B1 Gemcitabine + Erlotinib (100mg/d) 2 months, then erlotinib maintenance (150 mg/d)until progression
Drug: erlotinib hydrochloride Drug: gemcitabine hydrochloride Other: laboratory biomarker analysis
Experimental: Arm 3 (A2) CRT
A2 CRT then stop until progression
Drug: capecitabine Other: laboratory biomarker analysis Radiation: radiation therapy
Experimental: Arm 4 (B2) CRT then erlotinib
B2 CRT then erlotinib maintenance (150mg/d) until progression
Drug: capecitabine Drug: erlotinib hydrochloride Other: laboratory biomarker analysis Radiation: radiation therapy

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Overall survival [ Time Frame: from the date of the first randomization to the date of patient death,due to any cause, or to the last date the patient was known to be alive, assessed up to 8 years after the beginning of the study ]
    an interim analysis is planned when 196 deaths will be observed

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Progression-free survival [ Time Frame: time from the date of the first randomization to the date of progressive disease or death, assessed up to 8 years after the beginning of the study. ]
  2. Relationship between biological markers and survival [ Time Frame: From baseline to death, assessed up to 8 years after the beginning of the study ]
    1 biopsy/patient of the pancreas before treatment

  3. tolerance to erlotinib [ Time Frame: from start of treatment until the event has resolved or stabilized or until death ]

    To evaluate tolerance to erlotinib as maintenance treatment after the end of CT or CRT.

    During each visit, any adverse events will be noted and graded according to version 3 of the NCI-CTCAE. Any adverse events that persist at the end of the CTI will be followed up until they disappear.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 120 Years   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No


  • Histologically confirmed adenocarcinoma of the pancreas meeting the following criteria:

    • De novo locally advanced disease
    • Unresectable disease
    • Stage III according to the UICC classification

      • No distant metastases
      • No localized stage IA-IIB or metastatic stage IV disease according to UICC classification
    • Not considered for curative resection after pluridisciplinary discussion


Inclusion criteria:

  • ECOG performance status 0-2
  • Life expectancy ≥ 12 weeks
  • Polynuclear neutrophils ≥ 1.5 x 10^9/L
  • Platelets ≥ 100 x 10^9/L
  • Hemoglobin ≥ 9 g/dL
  • Total bilirubin ≤ 1.5 times upper limit of normal (ULN)

    • For patients who have had a recent biliary drain and whose bilirubin is descending, a value of ≤ 3 times ULN is acceptable
  • Creatinine ≤ 2 mg/dL
  • AST and ALT ≤ 2.5 times ULN
  • Alkaline phosphatase ≤ 5 times ULN
  • Albumin ≥ 25 g/L
  • Not pregnant or nursing
  • Negative pregnancy test
  • Fertile patients must use effective contraception during and for 3 months after completion of therapy

Exclusion criteria:

  • Diarrhea ≥ grade 2 and/or uncontrolled diarrhea
  • Affiliated with a social security regime
  • Unable to follow instructions for psychological, familial, or geographical reasons
  • Allergic to one of the ingredients in erlotinib hydrochloride
  • Cancer within the past 5 years, except for in situ cancer of the neck of the uterus or basal cell skin cancer
  • Severe infection
  • Ophthalmic disease (i.e., inflammation, keratopathy, or infection)
  • Symptomatic coronary or cardiac insufficiency, myocardial infarction, or stroke within the last 6 months
  • Unable to take oral treatments
  • Gastrointestinal disorders that could be associated with absorption disorders
  • Untreated gastric or duodenal ulcer


  • No prior radiotherapy (including abdominal radiotherapy) or chemotherapy for any reason
  • No prior anti-epidermal growth factor-receptor therapy

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00634725

  Hide Study Locations
Centre Radiotherapie Oncologie Moyenne Garonne
Agen, France, 47000
Centre Hospitalier d'Aix en Provence
Aix en Provence, France, 13616
Centre Paul Papin
Angers, France, 49036
Polyclinique Sainte Marguerite
Auxerre, France, 89000
Centre Hospitalier d'Auxerre
Auxerre, France, 89011
Institut Sainte Catherine
Avignon, France, 84000
Hopital Duffaut
Avignon, France, 84902
Centre Hospitalier de la Cote Basque
Bayonne, France, 64100
Centre Hospitalier de Beauvais
Beauvais, France, 72037
Centre Hospitalier Regional de Besancon - Hopital Jean Minjoz
Besancon, France, 25030
Hopital de Beziers
Beziers, France, 34525
Hopital Saint Andre
Bordeaux, France, 33075
Institut Bergonie
Bordeaux, France, 33076
Polyclinique Bordeaux Nord Aquitaine
Bordeaux, France, 33300
Clinique Tivoli
Bordeaux, France, F-33000
Hopital Ambroise Pare
Boulogne-Billancourt, France, F-92104
Centre Hospitalier Pierre Oudot
Bourgoin-Jallieu, France, 38300
CHU de Caen
Caen, France, 14033
Polyclinique Du Parc
Caen, France, 14052
Hopital Beaujon
Clichy, France, 92110
Hopital Louis Pasteur
Colmar, France, 68024
Centre Hospitalier Compiegne
Compiegne, France, 60321
Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Henri Mondor
Creteil, France, 94000
Centre Hospitalier de Dax
Dax, France, 40100
Centre Hospitalier de Digne les Bains
Digne Cedex, France, 04003
Hopital Du Bocage
Dijon, France, 21034
Centre de Lutte Contre le Cancer Georges-Francois Leclerc
Dijon, France, 21079
Centre Hospitalier Draguignan
Draguignan, France, 83300
CHU de Grenoble - Hopital de la Tronche
Grenoble, France, 38043
Centre Hospitalier Departemental
La Roche Sur Yon, France, F-85025
Centre Hospitalier de Lagny
Lagny Sur Marne, France, 77405
Hopital Louis Pasteur - Le Coudray
Le Coudray, France, 28630
Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Bicetre
Le Kremlin Bicetre, France, 94275
Clinique Victor Hugo
Le Mans, France, F-72000
Hopital Robert Boulin
Libourne, France, 33500
Polyclinique Du Bois
Lille, France, 59000
Polyclinique des Quatre Pavillons
Lormont, France, 33310
Centre Hospitalier St. Joseph St. Luc
Lyon, France, 69007
Hopital Prive Jean Mermoz
Lyon, France, 69008
Hopital de la Croix Rousse
Lyon, France, 69317
Centre Leon Berard
Lyon, France, 69373
Hopital Edouard Herriot - Lyon
Lyon, France, 69437
Centre Hospitalier Chanaux
Macon, France, 71018
Marseille Institute of Cancer - Institut J. Paoli and I. Calmettes
Marseille, France, 13273
CHU de la Timone
Marseille, France, 13385
Centre Gray
Maubeuge, France, 59600
Centre Hospitalier de Meaux
Meaux, France, 77104
Centre Hospitalier General de Mont de Marsan
Mont-de-Marsan, France, 40000
Centre Hospitalier de Montelimar
Montelimar, France, 26200
C.H.U. de Nimes - Groupe Hospitals-Universitaire Caremeau
Nimes, France, 30029
Clinique De Valdegour
Nimes, France, 30900
CHR D'Orleans - Hopital de la Source
Orleans, France, 45067
Hopital Pitie-Salpetriere
Paris, France, 75013
Hopital Europeen Georges Pompidou
Paris, France, 75015
Hopital Bichat - Claude Bernard
Paris, France, 75018
Hopital Saint-Louis
Paris, France, 75475
Hopital Saint Antoine
Paris, France, 75571
Hopital Saint Joseph
Paris, France, 75674
Hopital Tenon
Paris, France, 75970
Centre Catalan d'Oncologie
Perpignan, France, 66000
Hopital Haut Leveque
Pessac, France, 33604
Centre Hospitalier Lyon Sud
Pierre Benite, France, 69495
CHU Poitiers
Poitiers, France, 86021
Hopital Rene Dubos
Pontoise, France, 95300
CHU - Robert Debre
Reims, France, 51092
Hopital Charles Nicolle
Rouen, France, 76031
Centre Hospitalier
Saint-Omer, France, 62505
Centre Hospitalier de Tarbes
Tarbes, France, 65013
Centre Hospitalier Regional Metz Thionville
Thionville, France, 57126
CHRU de Tours - Hopital Trousseau
Tours, France, 37000
Nouvelle Clinique Generale
Valence, France, 26000
Centre Hospitalier Bretagne Atlantique
Vannes, France, 56016
Sponsors and Collaborators
GERCOR - Multidisciplinary Oncology Cooperative Group
Principal Investigator: Pascal Hammel, MD, PhD Hopital Beaujon

Publications automatically indexed to this study by Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: GERCOR - Multidisciplinary Oncology Cooperative Group Identifier: NCT00634725     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CDR0000589283
EudraCT- 2007-001174-81
First Posted: March 13, 2008    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: December 11, 2015
Last Verified: November 2012

Keywords provided by GERCOR - Multidisciplinary Oncology Cooperative Group:
adenocarcinoma of the pancreas
stage III pancreatic cancer

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Pancreatic Neoplasms
Digestive System Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Endocrine Gland Neoplasms
Digestive System Diseases
Pancreatic Diseases
Endocrine System Diseases
Erlotinib Hydrochloride
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antineoplastic Agents
Antiviral Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Enzyme Inhibitors
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Protein Kinase Inhibitors