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A Randomized Prospective Clinical Trial Comparing Single Tooth Implant 3 Loading Protocols

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00607022
First Posted: February 5, 2008
Last Update Posted: May 30, 2017
The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
Collaborator:
Dentsply Sirona Implants
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Clark Stanford, University of Iowa
  Purpose
This is a research study to test the clinical procedure and not the FDA approved medical device. This project will screen up to 80 volunteers to enroll 40 active subjects to receive a single tooth implant on an anterior (incisor/canine) or pre-molar tooth in the mandible or maxilla (no implants will be placed in molar sites). This 3 year research study will examine the clinical effects of loading regimens on roughened surfaced implants. The proposed research project will measure the changes in mucosal healing and maturation over a three year period following implant placement. The proposed research lays the foundation for improved health care by providing surgeons and restorative dentists with data for determining the relationship between implant healing, loading pattern and bone type. The rationale that underlies the investigation is that identification of the influences of timing of load on implant stability in varying bone types will allow routine, predictable use of early loading, which, in turn, will translate into more rapid health care, and improved psychosocial well-being of the patient. If these hypotheses are correct, these results are expected to provide evidence based research data to support early loading and immediate loading of single implants in sites of adequate bone volume, and density. In addition, it is expected that these results will fundamentally advance the field of implant dentistry and bioengineering by providing information on the principles of the bone density-mechanical environment-implant stability interaction.

Condition Intervention Phase
Dental Implant Device: dental implant Phase 4

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Intervention Model Description:
This is a phase IV Post-Market evaluation of three 510K cleared implant products. There are therefore 3 interventions being evaluated.
Masking: Double (Participant, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Health Services Research
Official Title: the Effects of 3 Loading Protocols on Dental Implant Stability in Healed Ridges

Further study details as provided by Clark Stanford, University of Iowa:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • The objective of this study is to allow a preliminary analysis of the resonance frequency values over the 16 week period, which will be the primary outcome. [ Time Frame: 3 years ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Secondary measures of implant success (rotational movement, implant failure) will also be considered in this regard. [ Time Frame: 3 years ]

Enrollment: 40
Study Start Date: December 2007
Study Completion Date: June 2013
Primary Completion Date: June 2013 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Active Comparator: 1
immediate load of dental implant based on the bone quality determined by the insertion torque value
Device: dental implant
This longitudinal human clinical trial is designed to measure implant stability with the resonance frequency analyzer (Osstell, Integration Diagnostics AB, Sweden) at time of implant placement and up to 16 weeks post placement. delivered. No further follow-up will be done with the resonance frequency approach.
Other Names:
  • The implant in this protocol is
  • a 4.0 mm diameter by 11 mm long implant (Fixture OsseoSpeed Astra Tech).
Active Comparator: 2
delayed load (6 weeks post surgery) of dental implants based on bone quality determined by the insertion torque value
Device: dental implant
This longitudinal human clinical trial is designed to measure implant stability with the resonance frequency analyzer (Osstell, Integration Diagnostics AB, Sweden) at time of implant placement and up to 16 weeks post placement. delivered. No further follow-up will be done with the resonance frequency approach.
Other Names:
  • The implant in this protocol is
  • a 4.0 mm diameter by 11 mm long implant (Fixture OsseoSpeed Astra Tech).
Active Comparator: 3
traditional loading of dental implants (12 weeks post surgery) based on bone quality determined by the insertin torque value.
Device: dental implant
This longitudinal human clinical trial is designed to measure implant stability with the resonance frequency analyzer (Osstell, Integration Diagnostics AB, Sweden) at time of implant placement and up to 16 weeks post placement. delivered. No further follow-up will be done with the resonance frequency approach.
Other Names:
  • The implant in this protocol is
  • a 4.0 mm diameter by 11 mm long implant (Fixture OsseoSpeed Astra Tech).

  Hide Detailed Description

Detailed Description:

MATERIALS AND METHODS This longitudinal human clinical trial is designed as a prospective study, to measure implant stability with the resonance frequency analyzer (Osstell, Integration Diagnostics AB, Sweden) at time of implant placement and up to 16 weeks post placement. After 16 weeks, a definitive implant abutment will be placed and a final dental crown delivered. No further follow-up will be done with the resonance frequency approach. However, all subjects will be followed through 3 years post implant placement as described for each follow-up visit. The study population consists of subjects at the University of Iowa's College of Dentistry. Subjects presenting with one tooth missing in the anterior (incisor/canine) or pre-molar regions of the mandible or maxilla with existing teeth that were healthy or adequately restored shall be screened based on the inclusion/exclusion criteria. The missing tooth is to be replaced with a fixed implant restoration on one implant.

SEQUENCE OF VISITS A. Visit 1: Screening Examination

Subjects shall be seen for evaluation and for collection of baseline data. Pre-treatment data shall be recorded on case report forms. The visit shall include:

  1. Explanation to the patient of the purposes of the study and the planned procedures related to the study.
  2. Explanation to the subject of the risks and possible complications of participation in the study. Patients shall be notified that inclusion in the study is for the purpose of providing implant treatment only and that no provision for other active treatments are guaranteed or implied except for care related to the implant aspect of their oral cavity. This treatment shall be agreed upon as outlined for their specific case.

Implant Site Selection: Adequate bone volume is needed to accommodate the planned endosseous dental implant. This will mean sufficient height such that the implant would not encroach on vital structures (such as inferior alveolar nerve), and sufficient width that the implant could be placed within the confines of the existing bone without dehiscence or fenestration, requiring significant grafting at time of implant placement. Typically, this will mean space dimensions will be: 6 mm or greater ridge width facial-lingual and > 6 mm in the mesial to distal dimension . If the implant can be placed and only a few screw threads are exposed, grafting is allowed to cover these threads. In the planned occlusal-gingival dimension, there must be at least 7 mm of space from the planned head of the implant to the planned occlusal plane.

The subject should be notified that inclusion in the study is conditional upon satisfying the inclusion and exclusion criteria as seen in Table 1. Only subjects satisfying the Inclusion/Exclusion criteria shall be enrolled.

The dental implant system to be used is the Astra Tech OsseoSpeed Dental Implant System (Astra Tech AB, Mölndal Sweden). This is an FDA cleared product under FDA 510k clearance act (FDA clearance 4/30/2004). This protocol calls for use of only the 4.0 mm diameter by 11 mm long dental implant (OsseoSpeed Aqua platform; Ref Number 24622; Astra Tech AB) in the anterior (incisor/canine) or posterior pre-molar regions of the mandible or maxilla. All sites must have sound natural or restored teeth/implants Mesial and Distal to the planned site of interest (Bounded Edentulous Space or BES). The patient should otherwise have a restored stable occlusion that is mutually protected. No implants will be placed in molar sites. The implant lengths accepted in the study are 11 mm. Clinical and radiographic screening will be used to limit the study to patients with sufficient bone quantity to completely encase the implant.

Upon review of the subject's health history, inclusion/exclusion criteria a screening clinical assessment will be made. Existing dental radiographs within the past 6 months shall be acceptable. No new radiographs will be made until subject enrollment and obtaining signed informed consent. The subject will be given an informed consent for the study and reviewed with the clinical study coordinator. Preliminary diagnostic impressions will made (Penta, 3M ESPE) and poured in dental stone (Whip Mix Corp., Louisville, KY). Implant subjects may have a pre-operative Cone Bean CT imaging study (Galileos; Sirona, Charlotte NC; www.sirona.com) made at the College of Dentistry's Department of Oral Maxillofacial Radiology at the discretion of the Principal Investigator following diagnostic work-up. Subjects shall be either patients of record of the College of Dentistry or shall be enrolled if new to the College. Patient records are electronic (WinDent) along with a paper version. Paper-based Case Report Forms (CRF) containing subject's medical information will be kept in one central file in a locked cabinet in the Dental Clinical Research Center. This data will be kept in a secured file accessible only by the PI and the Clinical Coordinator.

  Eligibility

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 80 Years   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • The patient is 18 years or older.
  • Ability to understand and sign the informed consent prior to starting the study.
  • Ability and willingness to comply with all study requirements.
  • Adequate oral hygiene (defined as an average Modified Sulcus Bleeding Index of 1 or less and an average Modified Plaque Index of 1 or less).
  • Must be a bounded edentulous space.
  • Adequate bone volume to accommodate the planned endosseous dental implant (e.g. sufficient height such that the implant would not encroach on vital structures such as inferior alveolar nerve, and sufficient width that the implant could be placed within the confines of the existing bone without dehiscence or fenestration, requiring significant grafting at time of implant placement). The only implant utilized in this protocol will be a 4.0 mm diameter by 11 mm long implant (Fixture OsseoSpeed Astra Tech).

Typically, this will mean space dimensions will be: 6 mm or greater ridge width facial-lingual and > 6 mm in the mesial to distal dimension . If the implant can be placed and only a few screw threads are exposed, grafting is allowed to cover these threads. In the planned occlusal-gingival dimension, there must be at least 7 mm of space from the planned head of the implant to the planned occlusal plane.

  • Osteotome use will be allowed but there must be a minimum of 8mm of bone height from the alveolar crest to the floor of the sinus. Maximum sinus lift will be 4 mm.
  • Existing teeth are healthy and adequately restored, and desired a fixed restoration on implants.
  • Patient has a mutually protected occlusion.
  • The patient, if of childbearing potential, had a negative pregnancy test within one week prior to surgery.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients who have smoked cigarettes or chewed tobacco within the past year.
  • History of alcoholism or drug abuse within the past 5 years. - Severe bruxing or clenching habits
  • Untreated periodontitis
  • Patients at undue risk for an outpatient surgical procedure
  • Presence of residual roots at the implant site- Patients with history of site development (extensive bone augmentation) at the implant site in the past 4 months.
  • Placement of implant in an extraction site that had been healing for less than 2 month.
  • Presence of local inflammation or mucosal diseases such as lichen planus.
  • Uncontrolled diabetes (defined as HA1c > 7.0 percent).
  • Current hematologic disorder or chronic use of coumarin (or similar) anti-coagulant therapies.
  • History of leukocyte dysfunction and deficiencies
  • Metabolic bone disorders
  • History of renal failure
  • History of liver disease
  • Immunocompromised patients having HIV, RA, SLE or other collagen vascular disorders.
  • Chronic corticosteroid use.
  • Current chemotherapy
  • History of use of IV-based bisphosphonates.
  • History of radiation treatment to the head or neck
  • Patients requiring grafting of bone or mucosal tissue at the time of implant placement which would require submersion of the implant during the healing period.
  • Use of any investigational drug or device within the 30 day period immediately prior to implant surgery
  • Patients requiring submersion of implants for esthetic reasons.
  • Patient requiring ongoing dental treatment in the same quadrant or opposing quadrant during the initial 16 week healing period.
  Contacts and Locations
Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00607022


Locations
United States, Iowa
The University of Iowa College of Dentistry
Iowa City, Iowa, United States, 52242
Sponsors and Collaborators
Clark Stanford
Dentsply Sirona Implants
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Clark Stanford, DDS, PhD The University of Iowa
  More Information

Responsible Party: Clark Stanford, Associate Dean for Research & Professor, University of Iowa
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00607022     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 200710722
First Submitted: January 22, 2008
First Posted: February 5, 2008
Last Update Posted: May 30, 2017
Last Verified: May 2017
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Undecided
Plan Description: Primary data belongs to DENTSPLY-Sirona, the sponsor

Keywords provided by Clark Stanford, University of Iowa:
dental implant
early loading
traditional loading
anterior
implant stability
Subjects presenting with one tooth missing in the anterior
incisor/canine) or pre-molar regions of the mandible
or maxilla with existing teeth that were healthy
or adequately restored shall be screened.