A Phase II Study of Paclitaxel and Carboplatin in Patients With an Elevated-Risk Cancer of the Uterus

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00584909
Recruitment Status : Terminated (low accrual)
First Posted : January 2, 2008
Results First Posted : March 29, 2012
Last Update Posted : January 27, 2017
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
J. Michael Straughn, MD, University of Alabama at Birmingham

Brief Summary:
The main purpose of this study us to determine the best treatment for patients with endometrial cancer who are at an elevated risk for recurrence.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Uterine Cancer Drug: Paclitaxel and carboplatin combination Phase 2

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Detailed Description:

Endometrial cancer is the most common gynecologic malignancy in the United States with 40,880 new cases diagnosed and 7,310 deaths attributable to this malignancy expected in 2005. The majority of patients diagnosed with endometrial cancer have early stage disease that is amenable to treatment with hysterectomy and bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy with excellent clinical outcomes. Surgical staging has improved accuracy over clinical staging for defining a low-risk population of patients who have favorable long-term outcomes with surgery alone. However, approximately 10-15% of patients with surgical stage I endometrial carcinoma (confined to the uterus) will have invasion to the outer one-half of the myometrium (stage IC) and a moderately to poorly differentiated tumor (grade 2 or 3). These patients are at a higher risk for recurrence (approximately 20-25% recurrence rate over 5 years). This patient population has been historically considered at "intermediate-risk" for recurrence because they are at lower risk than patient with disease spread beyond the uterus, but higher risk than patients with a grade 1 tumor or minimally invasive (Stage IA or IB). The optimal mode of postoperative management for this population of patients has yet to be defined.

Historically, radiation therapy has been used in some form in patients diagnosed with intermediate-risk endometrial cancer. Two randomized trials published in the last 5 years have evaluated the use of adjuvant radiation therapy in patients with intermediate-risk endometrial adenocarcinoma. the Gynecologic Oncology Group (GOG) studied the use of adjuvant whole pelvic radiation (WPRT) versus no adjuvant therapy (NAT) in patients with stage IB, IC, and II (occult)endometrial adenocarcinoma. In a study of 392 patients, the use of WPRT had a substantial impact on local recurrences (18 in NAT versus 3 in WPRT), but had no impact on the risk of distant recurrence (18 NAT versus 11 in WPRT). Because of the lack of distant control, the use of WPRT did not impact overall survival (estimated 4 year survival 86% in NAT versus 92% in WPRT, p=0.557). The PORTEC trial randomized patients with intermediate-risk Stage I endometrial carcinoma to WPRT versus NAT. Of note, patients in this trial were not surgically staged. Of 714 patients with a median follow-up of 52 months,local recurrence rates were 4% in the WPRT group versus 14% in the control group (p<0.001). The use of WPRT did not impact 5-year overall survival (81% WPRT versus 85% NAT). Furthermore, some clinicians have advocated observation after surgical staging with radiation therapy reserved for those patients who recur locally. Several reports have reported salvage rates of 50-66% for patients with local recurrences. Given that approximately 20-25% patients in this population will recur locally, many clinicians prefer to use local radiation therapy as salvage therapy, thus sparing the majority of patients the potential long-term effects of pelvic radiation therapy. Given that radiation therapy does not affect distant metastasis and carries significant long-term morbidity, other therapies are necessary to improve disease-free survival in this setting. Adjuvant systemic chemotherapy is one potential option for these patients since it may sterilize both local and distant metastases. The use of adjuvant chemotherapy may be more desirable than radiation therapy because most side effects of chemotherapy are short-term and subside once therapy is completed or discontinued.

Multiple chemotherapeutic agents including cisplatin, doxorubicin HCL, paclitaxel, carboplatin, and oral etoposide have been studied for patients with advanced or recurrent endometrial cancer. A phase III study by the Gynecologic Oncology Group (GOG) compared doxorubicin with and without cisplatin (GOG 107) for patients with advanced or recurrent endometrial cancer. A higher response rate (42% vs. 25%) was noted for combination therapy and has been considered by many to be the standard chemotherapy regimen for treatment of patients with advanced endometrial cancer. Paclitaxel has also been studied as a single agent and in combination with platinum compounds in this setting. A phase II study that combined paclitaxel 175 mg/m2 as a 3-hour infusion with cisplatin 75 mg/m2 reported a 67% response rate. There were seven complete responses and nine partial responses with an 18-month median overall survival. An additional phase II study evaluated the efficacy of combining paclitaxel and carboplatin in both primary and recurrent non-papillary and papillary tumors following radiation therapy. the response rate was 78% in patients with primary advanced non-papillary tumors with a median disease-free survival of 23 months, with the median overall survival of 15 months. Currently, many clinicians are using a combination of paclitaxel, doxorubicin, and cisplatin (TAP), based on a phase III GOG study that demonstrated not only a significantly higher response rate (57% vs. 33%) over the combination of doxorubicin and cisplatin (AP), but also a survival advantage (median, 15.3 vs. 12.3 months; P=.037). Significantly more neurotoxicity was experienced by patients in the TAP arm. Currently, the GOG is evaluating the TAP combination versus the more tolerable regimen of paclitaxel and carboplatin in a phase III setting.

The combination of paclitaxel and carboplatin is considered the standard of care for both high-risk early stage ovarian cancer and advanced ovarian cancer. The safety of this combination is well established in a number of phase III trials and currently is used in the primary setting for patients with ovarian cancer and advanced endometrial cancer. Although this combination is considered active in endometrial carcinoma, there is a paucity of data regarding the use of adjuvant chemotherapy in the setting of intermediate-risk endometrial adenocarcinoma. Accordingly, this phase II study will evaluate the combination of paclitaxel and carboplatin as adjuvant therapy for patients with early stage adenocarcinoma of the endometrium at elevated-risk for recurrence.

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 13 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase II Study of Paclitaxel and Carboplatin in Patients With Intermediate-Risk Adenocarcinoma of the Endometrium
Study Start Date : March 2006
Actual Primary Completion Date : September 2010
Actual Study Completion Date : September 2011

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Uterine Cancer
U.S. FDA Resources

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Open Label Drug: Paclitaxel and carboplatin combination
Paclitaxel will be administered at an appropriate dose (175 mg/m2) as a 3-hour continuous IV infusion every 21 days. Carboplatin will be administered at an appropriate dose utilizing the Calvert formula for determining the area under the curve (AUC) based on the patient's glomerular filtration rate (GFR).

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Disease-free Survival [ Time Frame: 4 years - Median follow up time of 45.3 months ]
    Number of months of survival with no evidence of disease

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Toxicity [ Time Frame: 4 years ]
    Toxicity secondary to paclitaxel and carboplatin based upon the NCI common toxicity criteria version

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   19 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients must have a elevated risk, surgical stage II, stage IC, grade 2 or 3 adenocarcinoma of the endometrium.
  • Patients must have undergone, a total abdominal hysterectomy, bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy, peritoneal washings, and a pelvic and para-aortic lymphadenectomy.
  • Patients must have adequate organ function defined as:

    1. Platelets >/= 100,000/µ
    2. Granulocytes (ANC)>/= 1,500/µl
    3. Creatinine</= 1.6 mg/dl
    4. SGOT (AST) </= 3x upper limits of normal
    5. Bilirubin within institutional normal limits
  • Patients must have adequate performance status (ECOG performance status 0-2 or Karnofsky Performance Status >40)
  • Patients must be age 19 or greater and have signed informed consent.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients with history of other malignancies within 5 years (except non- melanoma skin cancer or carcinoma-in-situ of the cervix) are ineligible.
  • Patients with high-risk histologic subtypes of endometrial cancer such as papillary serous or clear cell histology are ineligible.
  • Patients with histologic evidence of uterine sarcoma, including leiomyosarcoma, carcinosarcoma, endometrial stromal sarcoma, and adenosarcoma are ineligible.
  • Patients who have received past pelvic radiotherapy are ineligible.
  • Patients receiving any other investigational agents are ineligible.
  • Patients with known hypersensitivity to paclitaxel and/or carboplatin are ineligible.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00584909

United States, Alabama
UAB Women's and Infant Center, 1700 6th Avenue South
Birmingham, Alabama, United States, 35233
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Alabama at Birmingham
Principal Investigator: John M. Straughn, MD Assistant Professor, Dept of OB/Gyn, Division of GYN Oncology

Responsible Party: J. Michael Straughn, MD, Associate Professor, University of Alabama at Birmingham Identifier: NCT00584909     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: F060328016 (UAB 0604)
UAB 0604 ( Other Identifier: UAB Department study number )
First Posted: January 2, 2008    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: March 29, 2012
Last Update Posted: January 27, 2017
Last Verified: January 2017

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Uterine Neoplasms
Genital Neoplasms, Female
Urogenital Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Uterine Diseases
Genital Diseases, Female
Albumin-Bound Paclitaxel
Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic
Antineoplastic Agents
Tubulin Modulators
Antimitotic Agents
Mitosis Modulators
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action