Aflibercept Versus Placebo in Combination With Irinotecan and 5-FU in the Treatment of Patients With Metastatic Colorectal Cancer After Failure of an Oxaliplatin Based Regimen (VELOUR)
The main objective of the study was to evaluate the effectiveness of aflibercept (versus placebo) in increasing the overall survival in participants with metastatic colorectal cancer treated with FOLFIRI (Irinotecan, 5-Fluorouracil, and Leucovorin) and that have previously failed an oxaliplatin based treatment for metastatic disease.
The secondary objectives were to compare progression-free survival, to evaluate overall response rate, to evaluate the safety profile, to assess immunogenicity of intravenous (IV) aflibercept, and to assess pharmacokinetics of IV aflibercept in both treatment arms.
|Colorectal Neoplasms Neoplasm Metastasis||Drug: Placebo Drug: Aflibercept (ziv-aflibercept, AVE0005, VEGF trap, ZALTRAP®) Drug: FOLFIRI (Irinotecan, 5-Fluorouracil, and Leucovorin)||Phase 3|
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||A Multinational, Randomized, Double-blind Study, Comparing the Efficacy of Aflibercept Once Every 2 Weeks Versus Placebo in Patients With Metastatic Colorectal Cancer (MCRC) Treated With Irinotecan / 5-FU Combination (FOLFIRI) After Failure of an Oxaliplatin Based Regimen|
- Overall Survival (OS) [ Time Frame: From the date of the first randomization until the study data cut-off date, 07 February 2011 (approximately three years) ]
Overall Survival was the time interval from the date of randomization to the date of death due to any cause. Once disease progression was documented, participants were followed every 2 months for survival status, until death or until the study cutoff date, whichever came first. The final data cutoff date for the analysis of OS was the date when 863 deaths had occurred (07 February 2011).
OS was estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method, and the Hazard Ratio was estimated using the Cox Proportional Hazard Model.
- Progression-free Survival (PFS) Assessed by Independent Review Committee (IRC) [ Time Frame: From the date of the first randomization until the occurrence of 561 OS events, 06 May 2010 (approximately 30 months) ]
PFS was the time interval from the date of randomization to the date of progression, or death from any cause if it occurs before tumor progression is documented. To evaluate disease progression, copies of all tumor imaging sets were systematically collected and assessed by the IRC.
PFS was analyzed using the Kaplan-Meier method, and the Hazard Ratio was estimated using the Cox Proportional Hazard Model.
The analysis for PFS was performed as planned when 561 deaths (OS events) had occurred.
- Overall Objective Response Rate (ORR) Based on the Tumor Assessment by the Independent Review Committee (IRC) as Per Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumours (RECIST) Criteria [ Time Frame: From the date of the first randomization until the study data cut-off date, 06 May 2010 (approximately 30 months) ]
The overall ORR was the percentage of evaluable participants who achieved complete response [CR] or partial response [PR] according to RECIST criteria version 1.0.
- CR reflected the disappearance of all tumor lesions (with no new tumors)
- PR reflected a pre-defined reduction in tumor burden
Tumors were assessed by the IRC using Computerized Tomography (CT) scans or Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) scans; and an observed response was confirmed by repeated imaging after 4 - 6 weeks.
- Number of Participants With Adverse Events (AE) [ Time Frame: From the date of the first randomization up to 30 days after the treatment discontinuation or until TEAE was resolved or stabilized ]
All AEs regardless of seriousness or relationship to study treatment, spanning from the first administration of study treatment until 30 days after the last administration of study treatment, were recorded, and followed until resolution or stabilization.
The number of participants with all treatment emergent adverse events (TEAE), serious adverse events (SAE), TEAE leading to death, and TEAE leading to permanent treatment discontinuation are reported.
- Immunogenicity Assessment: Number of Participants With Positive Sample(s) in the Anti-drug Antibodies (ADA) Assay and in the Neutralizing Anti-drug Antibodies (NAb) Assay [ Time Frame: Baseline, every other treatment cycle, 30 days and 90 days after the last infusion of aflibercept/placebo ]Serum samples for immunogenicity assessment were analyzed using a bridging immunoassay to detect ADA. Positive samples in the ADA assay were further analyzed in the NAb assay using a validated, non-quantitative ligand binding assay.
|Study Start Date:||November 2007|
|Study Completion Date:||June 2012|
|Primary Completion Date:||February 2011 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Placebo Comparator: Placebo/FOLFIRI
Participants with Metastatic Colorectal Cancer administered Placebo followed by FOLFIRI (Irinotecan, 5-Fluorouracil, and Leucovorin) starting on Day 1 of a 2-week cycle until a treatment discontinuation criterion was met
4 mg/kg of sterile aqueous buffered vehicle (pH 6.0) was administered intra venously (IV) over 1 hour on Day 1, every 2 weeksDrug: FOLFIRI (Irinotecan, 5-Fluorouracil, and Leucovorin)
The FOLFIRI regimen was initiated immediately after Placebo administration on Day 1
The FOLFIRI regimen included:
Participants with Metastatic Colorectal Cancer administered Aflibercept followed by FOLFIRI (Irinotecan, 5-Fluorouracil, and Leucovorin) starting on Day 1 of a 2-week cycle until a treatment discontinuation criterion was met
Drug: Aflibercept (ziv-aflibercept, AVE0005, VEGF trap, ZALTRAP®)
4 mg/kg of Aflibercept was administered IV over 1 hour on Day 1, every 2 weeks.Drug: FOLFIRI (Irinotecan, 5-Fluorouracil, and Leucovorin)
The FOLFIRI regimen was initiated immediately after Aflibercept administration on Day 1
The FOLFIRI regimen included:
- randomized at baseline (treatment was initiated with 3 days of randomization)
- administered treatment in cycles of 14-days till a study withdrawal criterion was met
- followed up 30 days after discontinuation of treatment, and every 8 weeks until death or end of study.
The criteria for discontinuation of study treatment for a participant are:
- participant (or legal representative) chose to withdraw from treatment
the investigator thought that continuation of the study would be detrimental to the participants well-being due to
- disease progression
- unacceptable AEs
- intercurrent illnesses
- non-compliance to the study protocol
- participant was lost to follow-up
- participant was unblinded for the investigational treatment
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00561470
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|Study Director:||Clinical Sciences & Operations||Sanofi|