Danish ICD Study in Patients With Dilated Cardiomyopathy (DANISH)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00542945
Recruitment Status : Unknown
Verified March 2015 by Danish Study Group.
Recruitment status was:  Active, not recruiting
First Posted : October 12, 2007
Last Update Posted : March 6, 2015
Danish Heart Foundation
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Danish Study Group

Brief Summary:
The primary objective of this study is to determine the efficacy of ICD therapy compared with control on the endpoint of death from any cause in patients with heart failure of non-ischemic oetiology.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Heart Failure Dilated Cardiomyopathy Reduced LVEF Device: ICD Other: Optimal medical treatment Phase 4

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Detailed Description:

Title: A DANish randomized, controlled, multicenter study to assess the efficacy of Implantable cardioverter defibrillator in patients with non-ischemic Systolic Heart failure on mortality.

Indication: Prevention of mortality in patients at risk of sudden death.

Primary objective: The primary objective of this study is to determine the efficacy of ICD therapy compared with control on the endpoint of death from any cause.

Secondary objective: The secondary objectives of the study are to determine if ICD therapy reduces sudden death.

Study design: Randomized, unblinded, controlled, parallel two group trial.

Primary endpoint: Time to death from any cause.

Sample size: In total, 1000 patients with 500 receiving ICD and 500 patients constituting the control group.

Summary of Subject Eligibility Criteria: Patients with clinical heart failure, left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) ≤ 35%, non-ischemic ethiology and NT-proBNP above 200 pg/ml. Patients in NYHA class IV will only be randomised if also fulfilling criteria for a biventricular pacemaker.

Control group: Patients receiving standard therapy for heart failure including ACE-inhibitor/Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker and Betablocker unless not tolerated. Aldosterone antagonism is optional.

Study Duration: The study comprises a screening period of up to 2 years, followed by a treatment phase of a minimum of 36 months.

Screening and Randomisation: After the signing of informed consent, screening will include medical history, vital signs, physical exam, blood chemistry, haematology, and NT-proBNP. After fulfilling all eligibility criteria, subjects will be randomized 1:1 to receive ICD implantation or continue usual control. Randomisation will be stratified according to treatment with a biventricular pacemaker.

Treatment: After randomisation patients allocated to ICD treatment should receive this as fast as possible and preferably within 2 weeks (latest 4 weeks). The ICD will be programmed with anti-tachycardia pacing and shock therapy.

Assessments: Deaths and hospitalisations for heart failure, stroke or arrhythmias will be recorded throughout the study duration. An Endpoint Classification Committee will adjudicate hospitalizations and deaths for causality.

An independent Data Monitoring Committee will periodically review mortality data throughout the study.

Statistical Considerations: Median lifetime in the control group is expected to be 5 years. A p-value of 5% (2-sided) is required for significance together with a power of at least 80%. With a relative risk reduction of 25% a sample size of 812 patients in total is required. In order to allow for cross-over a sample size of 1000 is planned.

Primary Endpoint Analysis: The principal analysis for the primary endpoint (time to death from any cause) will employ the intent-to-treat principle and use a survival analysis. For each treatment group, Kaplan-Meier curves will be estimated, graphically displayed, and compared using a logrank test. A covariate-adjusted analysis of the primary endpoint using a Cox proportional hazards model will be performed as a supportive analysis. The hazard ratio and its corresponding 95% confidence interval will be estimated. Subjects withdrawing from the study early (other than for withdrawal of consent) will be followed for potential development of the primary endpoint. Subjects completing the study and not experiencing the composite event will be censored.

Secondary Endpoint Analysis: All time-to-event secondary endpoints will be analyzed similarly to the primary endpoint.

Sample Size: Hazard rates have been estimated for the placebo and ICD groups using subjects from a variety of databases (including the Echos database and the publication of Definite). Assuming a 24-month enrollment period and a 36 month follow-up period (resulting in a 5-year study with a minimum treatment period of 3 years and approximately a median survival time of 60 months), a total of 812 subjects will provide a 80% power with a 2-sided significance level of 5% for detecting a reduction in hazard of 25%.

Safety Summary: The subject incidence of adverse events will be tabulated for each group. Adverse events related to ICD implantation will be summarized. During the trial inappropriate shocks will be summarized.

Data Monitoring Committee: An independent Data Monitoring Committee consisting of members with relevant expertise will be assembled prior to study commencement. This committee will periodically review safety data.

Endpoint Classification Committee: An external Endpoint Classification Committee will adjudicate death as sudden or non-sudden throughout the study.

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 1000 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: A DANish Randomized, Controlled, Multicenter Study to Assess the Efficacy of Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillator in Patients With Non-ischemic Systolic Heart Failure on Mortality. The DANISH Study
Study Start Date : December 2007
Estimated Primary Completion Date : June 2016
Estimated Study Completion Date : June 2016

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: A
Heart Failure nonischemic ethiology
Device: ICD
Implantation of an ICD
Active Comparator: B Other: Optimal medical treatment
ACE-inhibitors or ARB Beta-blocker Optional aldosterone antagonist

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. All cause mortality [ Time Frame: 5 years ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Quality of Life and health economics [ Time Frame: 5 years ]

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • ≥ 18 years of age at the time of screening.
  • Documented non-ischemic HF with an LVEF ≤ 35%.
  • NYHA class II-III. If patients are planned for an implantation with a biventricular pacemaker NYHA class IV patients will be accepted for the trial.
  • Before any study-specific procedure, including assessments for screening, the appropriate written informed consent must be obtained (see section 12.1).
  • NT-proBNP above 200 pg/ml (see appendix D).

Exclusion Criteria:

To be eligible for this study, subjects must not meet any of the following criteria:

  • Uncorrected congenital heart disease or valve obstruction, obstructive cardiomyopathy, active myocarditis, constrictive pericarditis, untreated hypothyroidism or hyperthyroidism, adrenal insufficiency, active vasculitis due to collagen vascular disease.
  • On the urgent waiting list for a heart transplant (UNOS category 1A or 1B, or equivalent). Patients on the non-urgent waiting list for a heart transplant (UNOS category 2 or 7, or equivalent) are eligible for inclusion in the study.
  • Recipient of any major organ transplant (eg, lung, liver, heart or kidney).
  • Receiving or has received cytotoxic or cytostatic chemotherapy and/or radiation therapy for treatment of a malignancy within 6 month before randomisation or clinical evidence of current malignancy, with the following exceptions: basal or squamous cell carcinoma of the skin, cervical intraepithelial neoplasia, prostate cancer (if stable localized disease, with a life expectancy of > 2.5 years in the opinion of the investigator).
  • Known to be human immunodeficiency virus positive with an expected survival of less than 5 years due to HIV.
  • Renal failure treated with dialysis.
  • Recent (within 3 months) history of alcohol or illicit drug abuse disorder, based on self-report
  • Any condition (eg, psychiatric illness) or situation that, in the investigator's opinion, could put the subject at significant risk, confound the study results, or interfere significantly with the subject's participation in the study.
  • Unwilling to participate.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00542945

Rigshospitalet, University of Copenhagen
Copenhagen, Denmark, 2100
Sponsors and Collaborators
Danish Study Group
Danish Heart Foundation
Study Chair: Lars Køber, MD, D.Sci Department of Cardiology, Rigshospitalet.

Publications automatically indexed to this study by Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: Danish Study Group Identifier: NCT00542945     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: Danish-ICD-001
First Posted: October 12, 2007    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: March 6, 2015
Last Verified: March 2015

Keywords provided by Danish Study Group:
Heart Failure
Dilated cardiomyopathy

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Heart Failure
Cardiomyopathy, Dilated
Heart Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases