A Pilot Study to Evaluate Nipple-Areolar Complex (NAC) Sparing Mastectomy
The goal of this study is to study nipple-areolar complex (NAC) sparing mastectomy as an alternative procedure to the standard skin-sparing mastectomy for women who have breast cancer or are at high-risk for developing breast cancer. You have been asked to take part in this study because your treating surgeon feels you are a candidate for skin-sparing mastectomy and because you want breast reconstruction after surgery. Outcomes that will be measured include how much nipple sensation can be kept after surgery; how satisfied you are with how the breast looks after surgery; complication rates; and your quality-of-life.
|Study Design:||Observational Model: Case Control
Time Perspective: Prospective
|Official Title:||A Pilot Study to Evaluate Nipple-Areolar Complex (NAC) Sparing Mastectomy|
- Nipple Sensation Evaluation (following NAC sparing mastectomy) [ Time Frame: Within first month postoperatively, then at 3 months, 6 month, 1 year, 2 years, and 5 years postoperatively (each interval +/- 1 month) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
|Study Start Date:||October 2007|
|Study Completion Date:||July 2013|
|Primary Completion Date:||July 2013 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
NAC Sparing Mastectomy
A skin-sparing mastectomy performed with preservation of the nipple-areolar complex (NAC). Questionnaires taking about 20-30 minutes to complete.
Procedure: NAC Sparing Mastectomy
A skin-sparing mastectomy performed with preservation of the nipple-areolar complex (NAC).Behavioral: Questionnaire
Questionnaires taking about 20-30 minutes to complete.
Other Name: Survey
Hide Detailed Description
You will have a skin-sparing mastectomy performed with preservation of the NAC. During surgery, the tissue will be tested while you are still under general anesthesia.
The NAC may be removed completely during the surgery if malignant cells are found during the testing done during the surgery or if suspicious cells that are not clearly benign cells are found. This will be up to your doctor. The NAC may also be removed surgically if the primary tumor is found to be located less than an inch from the border of the NAC, or you are found to have breast cancer with multiple "center" sites. The nipple can also be removed by itself, with the areola spared (this is called "areolar-sparing mastectomy") if your doctor is worried about its blood supply. These decisions will be made by your pathologist and treating surgeon.
You will then undergo immediate reconstruction, with either your own tissue, prosthetic tissue, or a combination of the two. This is up to your plastic surgeon. You will have met with your plastic surgeon before surgery to discuss the best reconstructive method for you, and you will be given an informed consent to sign at that time with details about the method you decide to use.
The breast tissue under the NAC will be biopsied and tested after your surgery. After that tissue has been tested, a second surgery may be needed if cancer cells are found, the tumor is too close to the NAC, or it has more than 1 "center" site. You will have the whole NAC removed in a separate operation. The place where the NAC was removed will be repaired by a plastic surgeon, who will choose the best method to get an acceptable cosmetic result. This may involve one or more extra surgeries, and you will be given separate informed consent documents to sign for each surgery.
Follow-up and Questionnaires:
If you agree to take part in this study, 4 sensory tests will be conducted on both breasts using a variety of hand-held devices. These tests are painless and will be performed at regularly scheduled follow-up visits in clinic. They will measure nipple and areolar sensitivity, as well as nipple erectibility. The tests will involve the placement of fibers of various thicknesses and blunt metal probes on the skin of your nipple and areola. All tests will be performed once before the surgery and then at about 3 months, 6 months, and 1 year after surgery, at your follow-up clinic visits.
Your breasts will be photographed at your 6-month and 1-year follow-up visits after surgery. At these visits, you will look at those photographs to decide how satisfied you are with how the breasts look. Two (2) plastic surgeons not directly involved in your surgery will also study those photographs by themselves and fill out a similar questionnaire rating their impression of the results of your plastic surgery. These results will not be made available to you. You will also complete 2 quality-of-life questionnaires within 1 month of your surgery, and then at 3 months, 6 months, 1 year, 2 years, and 5 years after surgery (+/- 1 month). The questionnaires will ask questions about nipple sensation, cosmetic outcomes, complications, and your quality of life. The questionnaires will take about 30 minutes to complete.
Length of Study:
You will remain on study for up to 5 years.
This is an investigational study. Up to 37 patients will take part in this study. All will be enrolled at MD Anderson.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00539227
|United States, Texas|
|UT MD Anderson Cancer Center|
|Houston, Texas, United States, 77030|
|Principal Investigator:||Gildy V. Babiera, MD||M.D. Anderson Cancer Center|