Valganciclovir (Valcyte) for Chronic Fatigue Syndrome Patients Who Have Elevated Antibody Titers Against Human Herpes Virus 6 (HHV-6)and Epstein-Barr Virus (EBV)
Recruitment status was: Active, not recruiting
The purpose of this study determine whether the drug valganciclovir has a significant and real benefit on the central core of symptoms experienced by patients who have high titers to EBV and HHV-6 and are experiencing long-standing fatigue and cognitive impairment (CFS).
In addition, to characterize a quantifiable biological marker in these patients that will facilitate the identification of those likely to respond to valganciclovir and will make it possible to assess response to treatment.
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||A Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Clinical Trial to Evaluate the Efficacy and Safety of Valganciclovir (Valcyte) in Patients Experiencing Chronic Fatigue Syndrome With Elevated Antibody Titers Against Human Herpesvirus-6 (HHV-6) and Epstein-Barr Virus (EBV)|
|Study Start Date:||May 2007|
|Estimated Study Completion Date:||August 2007|
Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) is a clinically defined condition characterized by severe disabling fatigue and a combination of symptoms that prominently features self-reported impairment of concentration and short-term memory, sleep disturbances, and musculoskeletal pain. Prevalence of CFS in the adult population is estimated to be 0.007% to 2.8%. No pathognomonic signs or diagnostic tests for this condition have been yet validated in scientific studies; in addition, no definitive treatments are clinically available. Suggested etiologies of CFS include, but are not limited to: viral or bacterial infections, endocrine-metabolic dysfunction, immunological imbalance, neurally-mediated hypotension and depressioN. EBV and HHV-6 are among the viruses frequently thought as associated with CFS.
We recently encountered a group of patients at Stanford who were chronically infected with human herpes virus 6 (HHV-6) and Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), were suffering from debilitating fatigue for at least one year and experienced a significant improvement in their fatigue and cognitive symptoms following the administration of valganciclovir. Their antibody titers to both viruses were high (median antibody titer for EBV viral capsid antigen was 1:2560 and for HHV-6 IgG was 1:1280) despite the fact that some of them were known to have been infected with EBV and HHV-6 for several years. We suspected that their symptoms could be the result of an immune dysregulation triggered by high levels of replication of both EBV and HHV-6 (alterations in the immune system such as an aberrant cytokine profiles have been proposed as the central abnormality in patients with CFS associated with other viruses such as parvovirus B19. At the same time, we were familiar using valganciclovir in the context of several clinical settings including its known indications for reactivation of viral infections in immunocompromised patients. We were comfortable using valganciclovir (900 mg bid for three weeks followed by 900 mg qd to complete 3 to 12 months of treatment) in patients with solid and bone marrow transplants, cancer or other immunosuppressive disorders who had developed CMV, EBV, or HHV-6 disease.
We hypothesized that a long course (i.e. 6 months) of valganciclovir could effectively decrease or stop ongoing viral replication of both EBV and HHV-6 and that this virological effect could be translated in a clinical and laboratory benefit (i.e. decrease or resolution of lymphadenopathy, reversion of the CD4/CD8 ratio abnormalities). We were surprised to see that a dramatic recovery on the level of physical activity was also observed in the Stanford patients (from a median of 10% of energy level for daily activities at baseline to 90% after valganciclovir use). Of note, the drug has also been tried in patients in whom an improvement on their level of physical activity has not been observed. The total number of patients treated today is 30, 26 had "elevated titers" and 4 had "low titers". Of the 26 patients with "elevated titers", 25 have had a dramatic recovery. Of the 4 patients with "low titers", none have responded.
We believe that our successful experience with valganciclovir in a subset of patients with CFS at Stanford calls for a prospective study to exclude a placebo effect. We propose to measure viral, immunologic, and genomic endpoints to assess whether there are objective and measurable changes in these parameters and whether they correlate with clinical improvement. Clinical improvement will be assessed by objective measurements of daily physical and psychological activities. This will help to elucidate the possible role of HHV-6, EBV (or a yet to be known virus) and/or an altered immune system as triggers for the symptoms experienced by patients suffering CFS and to establish whether the drug valganciclovir does reverse these abnormalities. This study may also shed light on a biomarker or profile of biomarkers associated with (or diagnostic of) CFS.
We will be executing a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial to evaluate the efficacy and safety of valganciclovir in patients experiencing chronic fatigue syndrome with elevated antibody titres against Human Herpesvirus-6 (HHV-6) and Epstein-Barr Virus (EBV)
- To determine whether the drug valganciclovir has a significant and real benefit on the central core of symptoms experienced by patients who have high titers to EBV and HHV-6 and are experiencing long-standing fatigue and cognitive impairment (CFS).
- To characterize a quantifiable biological marker in these patients that will facilitate the identification of those likely to respond to valganciclovir and will make it possible to assess response to treatment.
Design of the study A double-blind, placebo-controlled, randomized clinical trial. All patients will be given the active drug (20 patients) or placebo (10 patients) for 6 months and followed for an additional 3 months. Patients on the placebo arm will take a valganciclovir look-alike tablet that does not contain the active drug for the initial six month period. Subsequently these patients will be offered a 6 month trial of valganciclovir if at the end of the study (when the last enrolled patient reaches 9 months from initiating therapy) it is clear that there is a benefit of valganciclovir therapy and patients have not spontaneously improved.
Kogelnik A, Rosso F, Hoegh-Petersen M and Montoya JG. Use of Valganciclovir in Patients Chronically Co-infected with Human Herpes Virus 6 (HHV-6) and Epstein-Barr Virus (EBV) who were Experiencing Long-standing Fatigue. J Clin Virol 2006 Volume 37, Supplement 1 S33-S38
Kerr JR, Cunniffe VS, Kelleher P, Bernstein RM and Bruce IN. Successful intravenous immunoglobulin therapy in 3 cases of parvovirus B19-associated chronic fatigue syndrome. Clin Infect Dis 2003;36:e100-6
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00478465
|United States, California|
|Stanford University Medical Center|
|Stanford, California, United States, 94305|
|Principal Investigator:||Jose G Montoya, MD||Stanford University|