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A Study to Evaluate Daily Pravastatin, Fenofibrate or Pravafen in the Treatment of Combined Hyperlipidemia

This study has been completed.
Information provided by:
Shionogi Inc. Identifier:
First received: April 9, 2007
Last updated: July 2, 2009
Last verified: July 2009

This is a multi-center, double blind, prospective, longitudinal, randomized, 12-week study with a 52-week open-label follow-up to evaluate the safety and efficacy of daily administration of Pravastatin 40 mg or Fenofibrate 160 mg or Pravafen (the combination of both Pravastatin and Fenofibrate 40/160 mg) in the treatment of combined hyperlipidemia. There will be an open-label, 8-week, Selection Phase prior to randomization in which all patients will be stabilized on Pravastatin 40 mg/day. Following the Selection Phase, and if the patients meet all inclusion/exclusion criteria, they will be randomized to a three arm, double blind, 12-week Efficacy Phase during which they would receive either Pravastatin 40 mg or Fenofibrate 160 mg or Pravafen (the combination of Pravastatin and Fenofibrate 40/160 mg). The 12-week Efficacy Phase will be followed by an open-label, 52-week, Safety Phase in which all patients will receive Pravafen.

After the 8-week Selection Phase, patients that still meet the inclusion/exclusion criteria will be randomized on a 1:1:2 ratio to Pravastatin 40 mg or Fenofibrate 160 mg or Pravafen (the combination of both Pravastatin and Fenofibrate 40/160 mg) for 12 weeks. After the completion of the 12-week double-blind phase of the study, all patients that haven't had changes in their well being, will be allowed to roll-over into the 52-week, open-label, follow-up portion of the study. During the 52 week, open label, Safety Phase of the study, all patients will receive Pravafen (the combination of Pravastatin and Fenofibrate 40/160 mg).

Patients will be evaluated at baseline and every three weeks thereafter throughout the initial 12-week Efficacy Phase of the study. Patients that roll-over into the 52-week, open-label, follow-up Safety Phase will be evaluated at 12, 24, 36 and 52 weeks.

Participation in the study can be up to 72 weeks.

Condition Intervention Phase
Combined Hyperlipidemia
Drug: Pravafen (combination of Pravastatin and Fenofibrate)
Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double-Blind
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Multi-Center, Prospective, Longitudinal, Randomized, Double-Blind, Phase III Study to Evaluate the Efficacy and Safety of Daily Administration of Pravastatin 40 mg or Fenofibrate 160 mg or Pravafen (the Combination of Pravastatin and Fenofibrate 40/160 mg) for 12 Weeks Followed by a 52-Week Open-Label Safety Phase of the Pravafen Alone in the Treatment of Combined Hyperlipidemia.

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by Shionogi Inc.:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Primary endpoints will assess differences in change from baseline in non-HDL-C, for the patients receiving Pravafen versus the patients receiving Pravastatin or Fenofibrate at the end of the 12-week portion of the study.

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Secondary endpoints will assess differences in change from baseline in TC, TG, LDL-C, HDL-C and TC/HDL-C for the pts receiving the combo therapy vs the pts receiving Pravastatin or Fenofibrate
  • Differences in change from baseline in ALT, AST and CK as well as overall safety for the pts receiving the combo therapy vs the pts receiving Pravastatin or Fenofibrate at the end of the 12-week of the study

Enrollment: 481
Study Start Date: April 2007
Study Completion Date: July 2009
Primary Completion Date: April 2008 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 75 Years   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

Patients meeting all the criteria listed below may be selected to enroll into the Selection Phase of the study:

  1. Male or female patients from 18-75 years of age, inclusive at the time of dosing with a history of a combined hyperlipidemia.
  2. High LDL cholesterol and TG levels as per the table hereunder:

    Prior treatment LDL Cholesterol TG Naïve to treatment* > 130 mg/dL and ≥ 150 mg/dL and ≤ 400 mg/dL Lipid Lowering Monotherapy > 130 mg/dL and ≥ 150 mg/dL and ≤ 400 mg/dL Lipid Lowering Combination Therapy > 110 mg/dL and ≥ 150 mg/dL and ≤ 400 mg/dL

    * A patient that has received NO lipid lowering therapy within 6 weeks prior to the Selection Visit, will be considered Naïve to treatment.

  3. If the patient is female and of childbearing potential and sexually active, an acceptable birth control method must be used (abstinence, IUD, oral, transdermal, injectable or implantable contraceptives, at least 2 years post-menopausal, one year post hysterectomy, double barrier device and/or partner at least one year post vasectomy), a negative serum pregnancy test must be obtained at the Selection Visit (Visit 1) and a negative urine pregnancy test must be obtained prior to study drug administration at Baseline Visit (Visit 3).
  4. Able to comply with all study procedures.
  5. Patients that provide a written informed consent to participate in the study indicated by a personal signature and date on the patient consent form.

At the end of the Selection Phase, patients meeting all of the criteria listed below may be selected and randomized into the Efficacy Phase of the study:

  1. Selected patients with LDL Cholesterol ≥ 100 mg/dl and/or TG ≥ 150 mg/dl and ≤ 400 mg/dl at Week-1 / Visit 2 after taking Pravastatin 40 mg/day from Visit 1.
  2. Patients still meeting the selection criteria a, c, d and e as listed under section 4.1.
  3. Patients with a compliance ≥ 80% during the 8-week Pravastatin phase of the study.

Exclusion Criteria:

Patients will be excluded from the study if any one or more of the following apply:

  1. Female of childbearing potential who is pregnant and/or lactating and/or sexually active but not using an acceptable method of contraception
  2. History of allergy or contraindications to:

    • fenofibrate or similar compounds
    • HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors
  3. History of uncontrolled or unstable;

    • diabetes ((i.e., diabetic nephropathy etc.),
    • hepatic impairment/insufficiency,
    • renal impairment/insufficiency (i.e., nephritis, polycystic kidney disease, acute or chronic renal failure, end-stage renal disease, GFR < 60 ml/min, etc.),
    • neurological,
    • gastrointestinal (ulcerative colitis, Barrett's, etc.),
    • gallbladder disease (patients with prior cholecystectomy can be allowed to participate),
    • psychiatric disease,
    • sleep apnea
    • any other clinically significant medical or surgical history that could affect the safety of the patient or hinder the evaluation of drug effect based on Investigator or Medical Monitor discretion
  4. Acute liver disease or persistent elevations in liver function tests (2 times the upper normal limit or greater)
  5. Levels of creatine phosphokinase (CK) 3 times the upper normal limit or greater
  6. Change in diuretic or β-blocker treatment for hypertension within 30 days of enrollment into the selection phase (Visit 1)
  7. Positive personal history of abuse of any of the following:

    • Alcohol (as per the DSM-IV criteria) and/or
    • Recreational drugs (as per the DSM-IV criteria)
  8. Usage of any of the following medications (patients must have discontinued these medications for 5 or more half-lives or for 30 days, whichever is greater prior to study drug administration on Visit 3 / Day 0) :

    • Corticosteroids
    • Immunosuppressants
    • Macrolide antibiotics
    • Azole antifungal agents, or
  9. Recent use of any investigational drug. These drugs must have been discontinued for either 5 or more half-lives or for 30 days whichever is greater prior to Visit 1
  10. Hyperlipidemia type I-IIa-IV-V
  11. LDL < 100 mg/dL
  12. TG < 150 mg/dL or > 400 mg/dL
  13. Uncontrolled primary hypothyroidism
  14. History of an acute myocardial infarction, stroke within the last 6 month prior to Visit 1; unstable angina or clinically significant heart failure
  15. Uncontrolled hypertension, as defined by SBP >160 mmHg or DBP >100 mmHg while on anti-hypertensive medication
  16. Type 1 diabetes or type 2 diabetes mellitus requiring insulin, and diabetic patients with poor control (HbA1c level > 8.5%), abnormal renal function (GFR < 60 ml/mn) or any renal disease likely to lead to renal dysfunctions)
  17. Use of any of the prohibited medications as detailed in the concomitant medication section
  18. Non adherence to the American Heart Association Step II diet introduced at Visit 1
  19. Presence of any other condition or illness, which, in the opinion of the Principal Investigator, would interfere with the patient's participation in the study

  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00459745

  Hide Study Locations
United States, Arizona
Anasazi Internal Medicine
Phoenix, Arizona, United States, 85032
Cochise Clinical Research
Sierra Vista, Arizona, United States, 85635
United States, California
Memorial Research Medical Clinic
Long Beach, California, United States, 90806
Clinical Trials Research
Roseville, California, United States, 95661
Orange County Research Center
Tustin, California, United States, 92780
United States, Florida
Jacksonville Center for Clinical Research
Jacksonville, Florida, United States, 32205
Jacksonville Center for Clinical Research
Jacksonville, Florida, United States, 32216
Drug Study Institute
Jupiter, Florida, United States, 33458
Mima Century Research Associates
Melbourne, Florida, United States, 32901
Cardiology Research Associates
Ormand Beach, Florida, United States, 32174
United States, Georgia
Atlanta Vascular Research Foundation
30084, Georgia, United States, 30084
United States, Hawaii
East-West Medical Research Institute
Honolulu, Hawaii, United States, 96814
United States, Indiana
Welborn Clinic Research Center
Evansville, Indiana, United States, 47713
MediSphere Medical Research Center LLC
Evansville, Indiana, United States, 47714
Research Institute of Middle America
Jeffersonville, Indiana, United States, 47130
Welborn Clinic Gateway
Newburgh, Indiana, United States, 47630
United States, Kentucky
Bluegrass Clinical Research, Inc.
Louisville, Kentucky, United States, 40291
Lemarc Research Center
Lousville, Kentucky, United States, 40213
United States, Maine
Androscoggin Cardiology Associates
Auburn, Maine, United States, 04210
United States, Maryland
MODEL Clinical Research
Baltimore, Maryland, United States, 21204
Health Trends Research, LLC
Baltimore, Maryland, United States, 21208
MD Medical Research
Oxon Hill, Maryland, United States, 20745
United States, Massachusetts
Clinical Research Center of Cape Cod, Inc
West Yarmouth, Massachusetts, United States, 02673
United States, Missouri
Clinical Study Site
Florissant, Missouri, United States, 63031
Mercy Medical Group
Manchester, Missouri, United States, 63021
United States, New Jersey
Comprehensive Clinical Research
Berlin, New Jersey, United States, 08009
United States, New York
Bronx Nephrology Hypertension, P.C.
Bronx, New York, United States, 10467
Capital Cardiology Associates
Troy, New York, United States, 12180
United States, North Carolina
Metrolina Medical Research
Charlotte, North Carolina, United States, 28209
Sensenbrenner Primary Care LLC
Charlotte, North Carolina, United States, 28277
Triangle Medical Research Associates
Raleigh, North Carolina, United States, 27609
Wake Research Associates
Raleigh, North Carolina, United States, 27612
Crescent Medical Research Associates
Salisbury, North Carolina, United States, 28144
Piedmont Medical Research Associates
Winston-Salem, North Carolina, United States, 27103
United States, Ohio
Sterling Research Group
Cincinnati, Ohio, United States, 45219
The Lindner Clinical Trial Center
Cincinnati, Ohio, United States, 45219
Ohio Clinical Research
Hudson, Ohio, United States, 44236
Wells Institute for Health Awareness
Kettering, Ohio, United States, 45429
Ohio Clinical Research, LLC
Lyndhurst, Ohio, United States, 44124
United States, Oklahoma
Bluestem Cardiology
Bartlesville, Oklahoma, United States, 74006
Lynn Institute of Norman
Norman, Oklahoma, United States, 73071
United States, Oregon
Willamette Valley Clinical Studies
Eugene, Oregon, United States, 97404
United States, Pennsylvania
Fleetwood Clinical Research
Fleetwood, Pennsylvania, United States, 19522
Philadelphia Clinical Research, LLC
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States, 09114
Southern Berks Family Medicine
Reading, Pennsylvania, United States, 19606
Tipton Medical Center
Tipton, Pennsylvania, United States, 16684
United States, South Carolina
Palmetto Medical Research Associates
Mt. Pleasant, South Carolina, United States, 29464
Upstate Pharmaceutical Research
Simpsonville, South Carolina, United States, 29681
United States, Tennessee
TriCities Medical Research Associates
Bristol, Tennessee, United States, 37620
Holston Medical Group
Kingsport, Tennessee, United States, 37660
United States, Texas
Clinical Trials Research
Austin, Texas, United States, 78705
Texas Medical Research LLC
San Antonio, Texas, United States, 78238
United States, Virginia
Hampton Roads Center for Clinical Research
Norfolk, Virginia, United States, 23502
Clinical Research Associates of Tidewater
Norfolk, Virginia, United States, 23507
National Clinical Research
Richmond, Virginia, United States, 23294
United States, Washington
Rainier Clinical Research Center Inc.
Renton, Washington, United States, 98057
Cedar Research LLC
Tacoma, Washington, United States, 98405
Sponsors and Collaborators
Shionogi Inc.
  More Information

Responsible Party: Sang Le, Director Clinical Operations, Sciele Pharma, Inc. Identifier: NCT00459745     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: Sc-PRAVA-06-02
Study First Received: April 9, 2007
Last Updated: July 2, 2009

Keywords provided by Shionogi Inc.:
Cardiovascular Disease
LDL cholesterol
HDL cholesterol

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Lipid Metabolism Disorders
Metabolic Diseases
Hypolipidemic Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Lipid Regulating Agents
Anticholesteremic Agents
Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA Reductase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors processed this record on May 25, 2017