Traditional Print Communication Methods, Simple Electronic Communication Methods, or Usual Care in Increasing How Often Older Women Undergo Colorectal Cancer Screening
RATIONALE: Finding out which communication method affects a participant's decision to undergo colorectal cancer screening may help increase the number of participants who undergo screening. It is not yet known which communication method is more effective in increasing how often participants undergo colorectal cancer screening.
PURPOSE: This randomized clinical trial is studying traditional print communication methods to see how well they work compared with simple electronic communication methods or usual care in increasing how often older women undergo colorectal cancer screening.
|Colorectal Cancer||Other: educational intervention via internet Other: educational intervention mailed Other: No additional educational intervention|
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Health Services Research
|Official Title:||Two Delivery Channels to Improve CRC Screening|
- Comparison of traditional print versus simple electronic communication versus usual care in terms of increasing colorectal cancer (CRC) screening rates [ Time Frame: End of study ]
- Moderating role of attentional style and background variables on the impact of the interventions [ Time Frame: End of Study ]
- Mediating effect of potential cognitive-affective factors related to CRC screening [ Time Frame: End of study ]
|Study Start Date:||October 2005|
|Study Completion Date:||December 2012|
|Primary Completion Date:||December 2012 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Experimental: Print Communication
Cancer screening educational information mailed to patient's home one time after signing consent.
|Other: educational intervention mailed|
Experimental: Electronic communication
Cancer screening educational information delivered via a password protected internet site.
Other: educational intervention via internet
additional cancer screening information via password protected internet site
Active Comparator: No Health Communication
No additional cancer screening education information sent to patient.
|Other: No additional educational intervention|
- Compare traditional print versus simple electronic communication versus usual care, in terms of increasing colorectal cancer (CRC) screening rates, in average-risk women attending a routine OB/Gyn visit.
- Explore the moderating role of attentional style and background variables on the impact of the interventions in these participants.
- Determine the mediating effect of potential cognitive-affective factors related to CRC screening in these participants.
- Investigate the comparative cost-effectiveness of these interventions to improve CRC screening adherence.
OUTLINE: This is a randomized study. Participants are randomized to 1 of 3 screening arms.
- Arm I: Participants are contacted by simple electronic communication methods by an email message linked to a personalized website.
- Arm II: Participants are contacted by traditional print communication methods.
- Arm III: Participants are observed (usual care). Participants in arms I and II are randomized a second time to receive messages about colorectal cancer screening that are matched or mismatched to their attentional style.
PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 5,000 participants will be accrued for this study.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00459030
|United States, Pennsylvania|
|Fox Chase Cancer Center - Philadelphia|
|Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States, 19111-2497|
|Study Chair:||David Weinberg, MD, MSC||Fox Chase Cancer Center|