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Livial Intervention Following Breast Cancer; Efficacy, Recurrence and Tolerability Endpoints (LIBERATE)(COMPLETED)(P05885)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00408863
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : December 7, 2006
Last Update Posted : July 14, 2015
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.

Brief Summary:

Postmenopausal women with a history of breast cancer often suffer from climacteric symptoms such as hot flushes and sweating episodes. Conventional hormone therapy is not allowed in such patients because there are indications that hormones may cause breast cancer to recur.

Tibolone is a steroid with estrogenic, progestogenic and androgenic activity and is registered for treatment of climacteric complaints. Tibolone has a pharmacologic and clinical profile that is different from conventional hormones. In contrast to conventional hormones, tibolone does not increase breast density and causes less breast pain.

The LIBERATE study is a study in which the safety and efficacy of tibolone has been investigated in postmenopausal women that have been treated for breast cancer.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Breast Cancer Climacteric Symptoms Drug: tibolone Drug: placebo Phase 3

Detailed Description:

A growing proportion of women diagnosed with early stage breast cancer seek help with vasomotor and sexual complaints. Frequently, these symptoms result from adjuvant cancer treatment, irrespectively whether this is hormonal (e.g. tamoxifen, aromatase inhibitors), cytotoxic, or surgical (oophorectomy) in nature. Estrogen-containing hormone therapy is effective, but considered unsafe. Non-hormonal therapy is less effective. Tibolone, which does not increase mammographic breast density, has proven to be effective and thus could be an important treatment option for women persistently seeking help.

The objective of this trial is to demonstrate safety, efficacy and tolerability of oral 2.5 mg tibolone daily in breast cancer patients, who, after surgery, have no evidence of disease and who suffer from climacteric complaints. Primary study endpoint is breast cancer recurrence, including primary contralateral breast cancer. Secondary outcome variables include menopausal symptoms, bone mineral density and health-related quality of life.

Patients were eligible for this study when they had been surgically treated within the previous 5 years for histologically confirmed T1-3, N0-2, M0 breast cancer and had to have vasomotor symptoms, with a last menstruation at least 12 months before (or bilateral oophorectomy).

The LIBERATE Trial has been designed to show non-inferiority of tibolone compared to placebo. Adequate sample size was estimated to be at least 1500 subjects in each arm, assuming a breast cancer recurrence rate of 5% per year in the first 3 years and an dropout rate of 5% per year.

The LIBERATE Study has successfully included the appropriate number of women with the proper risk profile so that significant results can be obtained in relation to safety and efficacy of tibolone in breast cancer patients with menopausal complaints.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 3148 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Triple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Multinational, Multicenter, Randomized, Double-blind, Parallel-group, Placebo-controlled Trial to Investigate Safety and Efficacy of Tibolone (Org OD14) in Women With Climacteric Symptoms and a History of Breast Cancer
Study Start Date : May 2002
Actual Primary Completion Date : October 2007
Actual Study Completion Date : October 2007

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Breast Cancer

Arm Intervention/treatment
Active Comparator: Tibolone
Tibolone 2.5 mg/day
Drug: tibolone
tibolone 2.5 mg/day
Other Name: OD-14

Placebo Comparator: Placebo
Drug: placebo

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. To show non-inferiority in breast cancer recurrence of tibolone 2.5 mg versus placebo in women with climacteric symptoms who have been surgically treated for primary breast cancer within the last 5 years [ Time Frame: At clinical completion ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Secondary outcome variables include overall survival, menopausal symptoms, bone mineral density and health-related quality of life. [ Time Frame: At clinical completion ]

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   up to 75 Years   (Child, Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Histologically confirmed and surgically treated invasive breast carcinoma (T1/2/3 N0/1/2 M0), irrespective of hormonal (estrogen/progestogen) receptor status.
  • Last menstrual bleeding at least 12 months before the start of the study or ovariectomized or hysterectomized or currently being treated with gonadotropin releasing hormone analogs.
  • Vasomotor symptoms whether related to natural menopause, ovariectomy, or to breast cancer therapy (chemotherapy, tamoxifen, aromatase inhibitors or other anticancer therapy).
  • In subjects with an intact uterus, a 'normal' endometrium, defined as:

    1. in tamoxifen users: absence of endometrial polyps
    2. in non-tamoxifen users: double layer endometrial thickness <=4 mm as assessed by TVUS or double layer endometrial thickness >4 mm and <=8 mm as assessed by TVUS plus an endometrial biopsy result of inactive/atrophic.
  • Voluntary written informed consent and willing and able to make reasonable efforts to meet all clinical trial requirements.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Age >75 years at baseline.
  • Ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) of the breast without the existence of invasive breast carcinoma.
  • Invasive breast carcinoma having a tumor of any size with direct extension to chest wall or skin (T4) and/or having metastasis to ipsilateral mammary lymph node(s) (N3) and/or having presence of distant metastasis (M1).
  • Surgical treatment of the primary breast cancer >5 years ago.
  • History or presence of residual or recurrent breast cancer.
  • History or presence of endometrial cancer.
  • History or presence of any other malignancy (besides breast cancer and endometrial cancer) within the past 5 years, except for adequately treated basal cell carcinoma of the skin.
  • Diagnostic findings suspicious for any malignancy.
  • Double layer endometrial thickness >8 mm as assessed by TVUS in subjects not being treated with tamoxifen.
  • Final diagnosis of endometrial biopsy different from inactive/atrophic
  • Existence of endometrial polyps as demonstrated by TVUS.
  • Undiagnosed vaginal bleeding.
  • Abnormal cervical smear (corresponding to PAP IIb or higher)
  • Any previous or current unopposed estrogen administration in women with an intact uterus (occasional use of estrogen-containing vaginal cream was allowed after an appropriate washout period - see below).
  • Use of systemic estrogens and/or progestogens (including intra-uterine progestogen therapy) and/or tibolone and/or phytoestrogens within 8 weeks prior to baseline; use of transdermal hormone therapy and/or local estrogen applications and/or non-hormonal medication for vasomotor symptoms within 4 weeks prior to baseline.
  • Use of progestogen implants or injections and/or estrogen/progestogen injectable therapy within the past 6 months.
  • Use of estrogen implants or injections within the past 5 years.
  • Use of raloxifene hydrochloride and/or any non-registered investigational drug within the last 8 weeks.
  • Active deep vein thrombosis, thromboembolic disorders, or a documented history of these conditions.
  • Severe liver disorders.
  • Abnormal laboratory values considered to be clinically relevant by the investigator.
  • Any disease or condition that is clinically relevant and which, in the opinion of the investigator, would jeopardize the subject's well-being during the course of the trial.
  • Known hypersensitivity to tibolone or any of its components
  • Known or suspected pregnancy
  • Age <40 years at baseline and planned breast cancer therapy <2 years after baseline
Publications automatically indexed to this study by Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp. Identifier: NCT00408863    
Other Study ID Numbers: P05885
First Posted: December 7, 2006    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: July 14, 2015
Last Verified: July 2015
Keywords provided by Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.:
Breast cancer
Climacteric symptoms
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Breast Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Breast Diseases
Skin Diseases
Androgen Antagonists
Hormone Antagonists
Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antihypertensive Agents
Antineoplastic Agents, Hormonal
Antineoplastic Agents
Estrogen Receptor Modulators
Anabolic Agents