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ALD-301 for Critical Limb Ischemia, Randomized Trial (CLI-001)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00392509
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : October 26, 2006
Last Update Posted : May 14, 2009
Information provided by:

Brief Summary:
This study will treat patients with such severe lower leg ischemia or vascular compromise that they have pain at rest. The goal is to compare treatment of the patient's painful disorder by injecting cells into the calf of the leg and testing for circulatory improvement. A treatment will given at random to two groups and will be injection into the calf muscle with ALD-301 (specially processed stem and progenitor cells) from the patient's own bone marrow, or with cells processed by more routine that minimally purifies the cells. The study goal is to see if the ALD-301 cells are more effective in generating new small blood vessels to improve the circulation to the affected leg.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Critical Limb Ischemia Peripheral Arterial Disease Peripheral Vascular Disease Procedure: ALDH-br bone marrow cells vs. mononuclear bone marrow cells Phase 1 Phase 2

Detailed Description:

Patients will be recruited who have critical limb ischemia with pain at rest. The study will select patients for treatment and follow them for three months after intervention. The treatment will consist of drawing about 2/3 of a cup of bone marrow from the patient's hip bone, then processing the collected bone marrow will be as follows:

  • The test group's bone marrow will be processed and sorted to identify the aldehyde dehydrogenase bright ALDH-br stem and progenitor cells (ALD-301). These cells will be injected into the calf muscle of the patient in clinic.
  • The control group will have the same amount of bone marrow collected but it will undergo a simpler process to isolate the mononuclear cells from the whole bone marrow, removing most of the red cells and granulocytes from cell preparation for injection.

The patients will be monitored for adverse events related to this process to determine the safety of the approach. They will also be tested at intervals during the study to compare baseline values of each patient with the post-treatment values of:

  1. ankle-brachial index of systolic blood pressure
  2. the transcutaneous oxygen measurements obtained from the skin of the treated leg
  3. the patient's perception of his/her quality of life as measured by two different, validated questionnaires
  4. Measurements of of heel/foot ulcers, if present, to monitor degree of healing if it occurs
  5. the patient's perception of his/her level of pain in the leg

The patients will receive a call at 6 months to report on additional life events following the study.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 20 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Triple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase I-II Randomized Autologous Bone Marrow Derived Aldehyde Dehydrogenase-Bright (ALDHbr) Cells Against Unfractionated Autologous Mononuclear Bone Marrow in Patients With Rutherford 4 or 5 Peripheral Arterial Occlusive Disease
Study Start Date : October 2006
Actual Primary Completion Date : December 2008
Actual Study Completion Date : December 2008

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: 2
Unfractionated Autologous Mononuclear Bone Marrow
Procedure: ALDH-br bone marrow cells vs. mononuclear bone marrow cells

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. adverse events [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
  2. ankle-brachial systolic pressure index [ Time Frame: 3 mo ]
  3. transcutaneous oxygen value (mm Torr) [ Time Frame: 3 mo ]
  4. quality of life (questionnaires) [ Time Frame: 3 mo ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. size of lower extremity ulcer(s) [ Time Frame: 3 mo ]
  2. peripheral nerve conduction exam [ Time Frame: 3 mo ]
  3. level of pain at rest (questionnaire) [ Time Frame: 3 mo ]
  4. limb clinical status [ Time Frame: 3 mo ]

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients 18 years of age or greater with atherosclerotic vascular disease that is viewed as not readily amenable to reconstructive surgery and Rutherford Category 4 ischemia (ischemic rest pain) and Rutherford Category 5 ischemia (ulceration or tissue necrosis) and by the judgment of their referring physician are not reasonable candidates for revascularization options of either percutaneous balloon angioplasty or a surgical revascularization.
  • Objective evidence of severe peripheral arterial disease will include an ankle brachial index (ABI) of less than 0.5, or, in the case of patients who have vessels calcified and thereby "non-compressible" vessels metatarsal pulse volume recording (PVR) that is flat or barely pulsatile in the diseased limb on two consecutive examinations performed at least one week apart.
  • Patients competent to give informed consent.
  • No active malignant disease that could involve the bone marrow, or history of treatment of malignant disease that could have damaged the bone marrow.
  • Before being accepted for the study the patient must be screened for human immunodeficiency virus, hepatitis B virus, hepatitis C virus, human transmissible spongiform encephalopathy, including Creutzfeldt-Jacob Disease, Treponema pallidum, and have a negative standard infectious disease panel including a CMV PCR test.
  • Patients who are hemodynamically stable.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients with poorly controlled diabetes mellitus (HbA1C > 8%)
  • Patients with renal insufficiency (creatinine > 2.5).
  • Patients with evidence of infectious disease as determined by e. above or other medical findings.
  • Pregnant women (women capable of childbearing must have a negative pregnancy test).
  • Patients with cognitive impairments.
  • Other comorbid disease that would be expected to result in less than one year life expectancy
  • Past malignancy or history of chemotherapy or radiation affecting the bone marrow.
  • History of inflammatory or progressively fibrotic conditions: .e.g., rheumatoid arthritis, systemic lupus erythematosis, vasculitic disorders, idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis, retroperitoneal fibrosis
  • Infection as evidenced by WBC count of >15,000 and/or temperature >38 degrees C. Large area of cellulitis in the afflicted limb that in the opinion of the investigators would require the institution of antibiotics OR evidence of osteomyelitis corroborated by radiographic or scintigraphic examination
  • Cardiovascular conditions:

    • Exercise limiting angina ( Canadian Cardiovascular Society Class 3 (Appendix 7);
    • Congestive heart failure (New York Heart Association class 3 (Appendix 5);
    • Unstable angina;
    • Acute ST elevation myocardial infarction (MI) within 1month;
    • Transient ischemic attack or stroke within 1 month;
    • Severe valvular disease
  • Patients with any history of organ transplants;

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00392509

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United States, Alabama
Cardiology PC
Birmingham, Alabama, United States, 35211
United States, Georgia
Saint Joseph's Research Institute
Atlanta, Georgia, United States, 30342
United States, Indiana
University of Indiana at Indianapolis
Indianapolis, Indiana, United States, 46202
United States, North Carolina
Duke University Medical Center
Durham, North Carolina, United States, 27710
United States, Texas
Texas Heart Institute, Stem Cell Center, 6770 Bertner, St Luke's Episcopal Hospital
Houston,, Texas, United States, 77030
Sponsors and Collaborators
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Principal Investigator: Emerson C Perin, M.D., Ph.D. Stem Cell Center, Texas Heart Institute, St Luke's Episcopal Hospital, 6770 Bertner , Suite 1020 Texas Medical Center,Houston, Texas 77030
Principal Investigator: Robert Mitchell, MD Duke University
Principal Investigator: Michael Murphy, MD University of Indiana at Indianapolis
Principal Investigator: Nicolas Chronos, MD Saint Joseph's Research Institute
Principal Investigator: Farrell Mendelsohn, MD Cardiology PC
Additional Information:
Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: Laurence Keller, MD, Aldagen, Inc.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00392509    
Other Study ID Numbers: BB IND 12875
First Posted: October 26, 2006    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: May 14, 2009
Last Verified: May 2009
Keywords provided by Aldagen:
critical limb ischemia
cell therapy for angiogenesis
aldehyde dehydrogenase-bright cells
peripheral artery disease
peripheral vascular disease
leg pain
limb salvage
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Peripheral Arterial Disease
Peripheral Vascular Diseases
Vascular Diseases
Pathologic Processes
Arterial Occlusive Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases