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Effect of NovoTTF-100A in Recurrent Glioblastoma Multiforme (GBM)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00379470
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : September 21, 2006
Last Update Posted : May 1, 2012
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
NovoCure Ltd.

Brief Summary:
The study is a randomized, controlled trial, designed to test the efficacy and safety of a new medical device, the NovoTTF-100A. The device is an experimental, portable, battery operated device for chronic treatment of patients with recurrent or progressive glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) using alternating electric fields (termed TTFields).

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Recurrent Glioblastoma Multiforme Device: NovoTTF-100A Phase 3

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Detailed Description:


The effect of the electric fields generated by the NovoTTF-100A device (TTFields) has been tested in two pilot trials in humans. The data from these trials suggest NovoTTF-100A may improve time to disease progression and overall survival of recurrent GBM patients. Although the number of patients in the pilot trials is small, The FDA has determined that the data gathered so far warrant testing of NovoTTF-100A treatment as a possible therapy for patients with recurrent GBM.


Patients with GBM whose disease has recurred or progressed despite standard treatment (Surgery, radiation therapy, Temozolomide treatment) and meet all of the requirements for participation in the study will be randomly assigned to one of two groups:

  1. Treatment with the NovoTTF-100A device, or
  2. Treatment with the best standard of care practiced at each of the participating centers.

If assigned to the best standard of care group, patients will receive a chemotherapeutic agent chosen based on their prior treatments and the standard of care practiced at each treating center.

If assigned to the NovoTTF-100A group, the patients will be treated continuously for as long as their disease is stable or regressing. NovoTTF-100A treatment will consist of wearing four electrically insulated electrodes on the head. Electrode placement will require shaving of the scalp before treatment. After an initial short hospitalization (24 hours) patients will be released to continue treatment at home where they can maintain their regular daily routine.

During the trial, regardless of whether assigned to the NovoTTF-100A treatment group or the best standard of care group, patients will need to return once every month the hospital outpatient clinics where they will be examined by a physician and undergo routine laboratory examinations. These routine visits will continue for as long as the patient's disease is not progressing. After progression, if such occurs, patients will need to return once per month for two more months to the outpatient clinic for similar follow up examinations.

During the visits to the clinic patients will be examined physically and neurologically. Additionally, routine blood tests and ECG will be performed. A routine MRI of the head will be performed at baseline and after 2, 4 and 6 months. After this follow up plan, patients will be contacted once per month by telephone to answer basic questions about their health status.


Electric fields exert forces on electric charges similar to the way a magnet exerts forces on metallic particles within a magnetic field. These forces cause movement and rotation of electrically charged biological building blocks, much like the alignment of metallic particles seen along the lines of force radiating outwards from a magnet.

Electric fields can also cause muscles to twitch and if strong enough may heat tissues. TTFields are alternating electric fields of low intensity. This means that they change their direction repetitively many times a second. Since they change direction very rapidly (200 thousand times a second), they do not cause muscles to twitch, nor do they have any effects on other electrically activated tissues in the body (brain, nerves and heart). Since the intensities of TTFields in the body are very low, they do not cause heating.

The breakthrough finding made by NovoCure was that finely tuned alternating fields of very low intensity, now termed TTFields (Tumor Treating Fields), cause a significant slowing in the growth of cancer cells. Due to the unique geometric shape of cancer cells when they are multiplying, TTFields cause the building blocks of these cells to move and pile up in such a way that the cells physically explode. In addition, cancer cells also contain miniature building blocks which act as tiny motors in moving essential parts of the cells from place to place. TTFields cause these tiny motors to fall apart since they have a special type of electric charge.

As a result of these two effects, cancer tumor growth is slowed and can even reverse after continuous exposure to TTFields.

Other cells in the body (normal healthy tissues) are affected much less than cancer cells since they multiply at a much slower rate if at all. In addition TTFields can be directed to a certain part of the body, leaving sensitive areas out of their reach.

In conclusion, TTField hold the promise of serving as a brand new cancer treatment with very few side effects and promising affectivity in slowing or reversing this disease.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 236 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Prospective, Multi-center Trial of NovoTTF-100A Compared to Best Standard of Care in Patients With Progressive or Recurrent GBM
Study Start Date : September 2006
Actual Primary Completion Date : November 2009
Actual Study Completion Date : January 2011

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Arm Intervention/treatment
Active Comparator: Best Standard of Care
Patients randomized to the BSC group will be treated with one chemotherapy according to the BSC practiced at each center.
Device: NovoTTF-100A
multiple four-week courses of continuous NovoTTF-100A treatment

Experimental: NovoTTF-100A Device: NovoTTF-100A
multiple four-week courses of continuous NovoTTF-100A treatment

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Overall Survival [ Time Frame: 2 years from initiation of accrual ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Progression free survival at 6 months (PFS6) [ Time Frame: 2 years from initiation of accrual ]
  2. Median Time to Disease Progression (TTP) [ Time Frame: 2 years from initiation of accrual ]
  3. % 1-year survival [ Time Frame: 2 years from initiation of accrual ]
  4. Radiological response (Macdonald criteria) [ Time Frame: 2 years from initiation of accrual ]
  5. Quality of life assessment (EORTC QLQ-C30) [ Time Frame: 2 years from initiation of accrual ]
  6. Adverse events severity and frequency [ Time Frame: 2 years from initiation of accrual ]

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Pathological evidence of GBM using WHO classification criteria.
  • > 18 years of age.
  • Not a candidate for further radiotherapy or additional resection of residual tumor.
  • Patients with disease progression (by Macdonald criteria i.e., > 25% or new lesion) documented by CT or MRI within 4 weeks prior to enrollment
  • Karnofsky scale ≥ 70
  • Life expectancy at least 3 months
  • Participants of childbearing age must use effective contraception.
  • All patients must sign written informed consent.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Actively participating in another clinical treatment trial
  • Within 4 weeks from surgery for recurrence
  • Within 4 weeks from any prior chemotherapy.
  • Within 4 weeks from radiation therapy
  • Pregnant
  • Significant co-morbidities (within 4 weeks prior to enrollment):

    1. Significant liver function impairment - AST or ALT > 3 times the upper limit of normal
    2. Total bilirubin > upper limit of normal
    3. Significant renal impairment (serum creatinine > 1.7 mg/dL)
    4. Coagulopathy (as evidenced by PT or APTT >1.5 times control in patients not undergoing anticoagulation)
    5. Thrombocytopenia (platelet count < 100 x 103/μL)
    6. Neutropenia (absolute neutrophil count < 1 x 103/μL)
    7. Anemia (Hb < 10 g/L)
    8. Severe acute infection
  • Implanted pacemaker, defibrillator or deep brain stimulator, or documented clinically significant arrhythmias.
  • Infra-tentorial tumor
  • Evidence of increased intracranial pressure (midline shift > 5mm, clinically significant papilledema, vomiting and nausea or reduced level of consciousness)

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00379470

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Sponsors and Collaborators
NovoCure Ltd.
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Principal Investigator: Phillip Gutin, MD Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center
Principal Investigator: Roger Stupp, MD University of Lausanne Hospital - Multidisciplinary Oncology Center

Publications automatically indexed to this study by Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: NovoCure Ltd. Identifier: NCT00379470     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: EF-11
First Posted: September 21, 2006    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: May 1, 2012
Last Verified: April 2012

Keywords provided by NovoCure Ltd.:
Brain tumor
Minimal toxicity

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Neoplasms, Neuroepithelial
Neuroectodermal Tumors
Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms, Nerve Tissue