Multi-center, Web Based Observational Study of Pulmonary Hypertension in Scleroderma Patients

This study is ongoing, but not recruiting participants.
Gilead Sciences
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Virginia Steen, MD, Georgetown University Identifier:
First received: September 18, 2006
Last updated: September 23, 2015
Last verified: September 2015

The purpose of this study is to determine the timeline of progression from pre-pulmonary hypertension to diagnosable pulmonary hypertension based on right heart catheterization. Moreover, to determine the timeline for progression from diagnosable pulmonary hypertension to clinical worsening of disease as defined as death, hospitalization, or worsening of PHT symptoms.

Systemic Sclerosis
Pulmonary Hypertension
Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension

Study Type: Observational
Study Design: Observational Model: Case-Only
Time Perspective: Prospective
Official Title: The Natural History and Outcome of Patients With Scleroderma at High Risk for or With Early Pulmonary Hypertension

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by Georgetown University:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Pulmonary Hypertension Progression [ Time Frame: 10 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The primary objective of the study is to determine the timeline of progression from pre-pulmonary hypertension to diagnosable pulmonary hypertension based on right heart catheterization

Estimated Enrollment: 400
Study Start Date: February 2005
Estimated Primary Completion Date: January 2016 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Detailed Description:

Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is a rare, often fatal idiopathic disease, which has no effective therapy. One of the most major complications of systematic sclerosis is pulmonary hypertension (PHT), which is now the cause of all scleroderma related deaths. New therapeutic advances have improved short-term management of pulmonary hypertension in scleroderma, but long-term outcomes are unknown. With this in mind, Dr. Steen has developed Pulmonary Hypertension Assessment Registry of Scleroderma (PHAROS), a preventive, multi-center, web based observational study that looks at the natural history and outcome of scleroderma patients who are at high risk or have early pulmonary hypertension. Patients entered into the registry will be followed in prospective fashion noting the clinical course of disease by both scheduled and event driven follow up. A thorough baseline history will be collected to determine key prognostic and correlative factors for both disease prevalence and progression. Yearly follow up consisting of questionnaires, pulmonary function tests, echocardiogram, 6 minute walk tests and predefined patient characteristics will also be conducted to further understand and note the progression of scleroderma related PAH. Event driven follow up will occur to record findings and record specific predetermined events in the clinical course of disease.


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 75 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Sampling Method:   Non-Probability Sample
Study Population

Primary care, rheumatology and pulmonary hypertension clinics.

  1. Global Inclusion Criteria

    • Eligible patients must meet all of the following inclusion criteria:
    • Patient ≥ 18 years with a clinical diagnosis of SSc (ACR criteria or the LeRoy criteria for limited or diffuse scleroderma
  2. Specific Inclusion Criteria

    • Diagnosis of "pre" pulmonary arterial hypertension defined as:
    • Echocardiogram with a resting sPAP of ≥ 40mmHg Or
    • Pulmonary function test with FVC >70% and a DLCO <55% of predicted or a FVC/DLco ratio >1.6. or
    • Right heart catheterization which shows or a mean PA pressure > 30mmHg with exercise (with a mPAP < 25mmHg at rest)

Patients entered as a 'pre'-pulmonary arterial hypertension who then undergo right heart catheterization and are found to have pulmonary arterial hypertension, pulmonary venous hypertension or diastolic dysfunction or pulmonary hypertension secondary to interstitial lung disease will be followed as a definite PH patient and classified into the appropriate category.

  • Diagnosis of definite pulmonary hypertension Patients with pulmonary hypertension with a right heart catheterization showing a mean PA pressure > 25mmHg, diagnosed in the past 6 months.

Classification of PH Group 1 PAH - Patients with mPAP ≥ 25mmHg with a wedge < 15mmHg Group 2 PVH - Patients who have a mean PA pressure ≥ 25mmHg with a wedge pressure which is > 15 mmHg Group 3 PH-ILD Patients who have a mean PA pressure ≥ 25mmHg (on right heart catheterization) who have moderate to severe interstitial fibrosis on HRCT scan with a FVC and TLC < 65% predicted

b. Exclusion Criteria

  • Diagnosis and treatment of pulmonary hypertension for > 6 months
  • Patients with known severe interstitial fibrosis, pulmonary thrombotic disease, heart failure, cardiomyopathy,history of coronary artery disease or other cardio-pulmonary problems which could cause pulmonary hypertension are not eligible for the 'pre'-pulmonary hypertension but do qualify for the definite pulmonary hypertension group if they have a right heart catheterization showing a mean PAH >25mmHg.
  Contacts and Locations
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Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00377949

  Hide Study Locations
United States, California
UCLA Medical Center
Los Angeles, California, United States, 90095
Stanford University
Stanford, California, United States, 94305
United States, Colorado
National Jewish Medical and Research Center
Denver, Colorado, United States, 80206
United States, District of Columbia
Georgetown University Medical Center
Washington, District of Columbia, United States, 20007
United States, Illinois
Northwestern University
Chicago, Illinois, United States, 60611
University of Chicago
Chicago, Illinois, United States, 60637
United States, Louisiana
Louisiana State University Health Science Center
New Orleans, Louisiana, United States, 70112
United States, Maryland
John Hopkins University Medical Center
Baltimore, Maryland, United States, 21224
United States, Massachusetts
Boston University Medical School
Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02118
Tufts Medical Center
Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02111
University of Massachussetts Memorial Medical Center
Worcester, Massachusetts, United States, 01605
United States, Michigan
University of Michigan-Scleroderma Program
Ann Arbor, Michigan, United States, 48109
United States, Minnesota
Hennepin County Medical Center
Minneapolis, Minnesota, United States, 55415
University of Minnesota
Minneapolis, Minnesota, United States, 55455
United States, New Jersey
University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey
New Brunswick, New Jersey, United States, 08903
United States, New York
Center for Rheumatology
Albany, New York, United States, 12206
North Shore Long Island Jewish Medical Center
New Hyde Park, New York, United States, 11040
Cornell University
New York, New York, United States, 10065
Hospital for Special Surgery
New York, New York, United States, 10021
United States, Pennsylvania
University of Pennsylvania
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States, 19104
University of Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States, 15261
United States, South Carolina
Medical University of South Carolina
Charleston, South Carolina, United States, 29425
United States, Texas
The University of Texas Health Science Center
Houston, Texas, United States, 77030
United States, Utah
University of Utah
Salt Lake City, Utah, United States, 84132
United States, Wisconsin
The Medical College of Wisconsin
Milwaukee, Wisconsin, United States, 53226
Sponsors and Collaborators
Georgetown University
Gilead Sciences
Principal Investigator: Virginia D. Steen, MD Georgetown University
  More Information


Responsible Party: Virginia Steen, MD, Project Principal Investigator, Georgetown University Identifier: NCT00377949     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: IRB # 04-227
Study First Received: September 18, 2006
Last Updated: September 23, 2015
Health Authority: United States: Institutional Review Board

Keywords provided by Georgetown University:
Systemic Sclerosis
Pulmonary Hypertension
Exercise Echocardiogram
Pulmonary Functional Tests
Six minute walk tests
6 minute walk tests
Right heart catheterization

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Hypertension, Pulmonary
Scleroderma, Diffuse
Scleroderma, Localized
Scleroderma, Systemic
Cardiovascular Diseases
Connective Tissue Diseases
Lung Diseases
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Skin Diseases
Vascular Diseases processed this record on October 06, 2015