After Discharge Management of Low Income Frail Elderly

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00328848
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : May 22, 2006
Last Update Posted : July 17, 2014
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Susan E. Hazelett, Summa Health System

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this study is to determine whether comprehensive post-hospitalization interdisciplinary care management can be an effective care delivery model to improve outcomes in low-income frail elderly.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Heart Failure, Congestive Coronary Arteriosclerosis Atrial Fibrillation Cerebrovascular Accident Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive Diabetes Mellitus Hypertension Osteoarthritis Osteoporosis Behavioral: Behavioral Behavioral: behavioral Not Applicable

Detailed Description:

This randomized trial will test the effectiveness of improved clinical practice through comprehensive care management in elderly patients with chronic illness and functional impairment discharged from an acute care hospital. For the intervention group, patient care will be coordinated by a nurse care manager who will perform a comprehensive in home assessment and provide patient education and self management support. The care manager will work with an interdisciplinary team (IT) to develop and implement a plan of care. Evidence based care plans will be implemented in collaboration with the patient, the primary care physician (PCP), the local Area Agency on Aging (AAoA), and other community social agencies. The care manager will provide frequent patient follow up across all providers to ensure integration of medical and social issues. Control patients will be referred to the local AAoA with no IT follow up. Although control patients will receive, through the AAoA, referrals for care and psychosocial support, the absence of a care manager and IT will, we expect, result in functional decline, lower quality of life, and higher health care costs.

The intervention (n=265) and control (n=265) groups will be compared at 1 year on a profile of health and well being using a multiple endpoint global hypothesis testing strategy. The global measure will be comprised of the following 5 domains: function, institutionalization, quality of life, quality of medical management, and quality of self management. Priority populations identified by AHRQ who are targeted in this study include the elderly, patients with chronic illnesses, low income (dual eligible), and patients with disabilities. This study also includes minorities, women, and patients who live in the inner city. Future economic analyses of benefits (for which alternative funding is currently being sought) will inform policy makers about funding care management in AHRQ priority populations.

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 530 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Single (Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Health Services Research
Official Title: After Discharge Management of Low Income Frail Elderly (AD-LIFE)
Study Start Date : October 2005
Actual Primary Completion Date : April 2013
Actual Study Completion Date : April 2013

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Intervention care management
post dischsrge care management by a nurse care manager who performs in-home vistis and reports to a interdisciplinary team. Team generates care recommendations based on patient goals. PCP and care manager implement the care plan that is based on patient goals. Includes education, behavioral interventions, and coaching.
Behavioral: Behavioral
Group Treatment(patient education, self management support, caregiver support)

Behavioral: behavioral
patient education, self management support, caregiver support

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Function [ Time Frame: Length of Study ]
  2. Quality of life [ Time Frame: Duration ]
  3. Quality of medical management [ Time Frame: Duration ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Mortality [ Time Frame: Duration ]
  2. Opportunity costs of caregiver time [ Time Frame: Duration ]

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   66 Years and older   (Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • > 65 years old
  • Confirmed or probable dual eligible
  • Have at least one chronic illness (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease [COPD], diabetes, stroke/atrial fibrillation, ischemic heart disease, hypertension, congestive heart failure [CHF], osteoporosis, osteoarthritis) and at least 1 impaired activity of daily living (ADL) 11 or 2 impaired instrumental activities of daily living (IADLs)
  • Be discharged home or to a skilled nursing facility (or acute rehabilitation) for a maximum of 8 weeks before being discharged to home

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Enrolled in this health system's care management program
  • Chemically dependent
  • Those with a Mental Status Questionnaire score > 5
  • Diagnosed psychosis
  • Dialysis
  • Terminal diagnosis/hospice

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00328848

Sponsors and Collaborators
Summa Health System
Principal Investigator: Kyle R Allen, DO Riverside Health System

Responsible Party: Susan E. Hazelett, Investigator, Summa Health System Identifier: NCT00328848     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 1R01HS014539-01A1 ( U.S. AHRQ Grant/Contract )
1R01HS014539-01A1 ( U.S. AHRQ Grant/Contract )
First Posted: May 22, 2006    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: July 17, 2014
Last Verified: July 2014

Keywords provided by Susan E. Hazelett, Summa Health System:
patient care management
chronic disease

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Diabetes Mellitus
Heart Failure
Atrial Fibrillation
Lung Diseases
Chronic Disease
Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive
Coronary Artery Disease
Myocardial Ischemia
Glucose Metabolism Disorders
Metabolic Diseases
Endocrine System Diseases
Heart Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Joint Diseases
Musculoskeletal Diseases
Rheumatic Diseases
Arrhythmias, Cardiac
Pathologic Processes
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Bone Diseases, Metabolic
Bone Diseases
Disease Attributes
Lung Diseases, Obstructive
Cerebrovascular Disorders
Brain Diseases