Effects of the Combination of Bosentan and Sildenafil Versus Sildenafil Monotherapy on Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension (PAH) (Compass-2)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00303459
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : March 17, 2006
Results First Posted : January 26, 2015
Last Update Posted : November 11, 2015
Information provided by (Responsible Party):

Brief Summary:

COMPASS-2 is a Phase 4, prospective, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, event-driven study evaluating the effect of bosentan on the time to first confirmed morbidity/mortality event in patients with symptomatic PAH already receiving sildenafil therapy. Patients must have been receiving doses of sildenafil equal to or greater than 20 mg t.i.d. for at least 12 weeks prior to being randomized.

The study continued until the predefined target number of morbidity/mortality events was reached.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension Drug: bosentan Drug: placebo Phase 4

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 334 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Effects of Combination of Bosentan and Sildenafil Versus Sildenafil Monotherapy on Morbidity and Mortality in Symptomatic Patients With Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension - A Multicenter, Double-blind, Randomized, Placebo-controlled, Parallel Group, Prospective, Event Driven Phase IV Study
Study Start Date : May 2006
Actual Primary Completion Date : December 2013
Actual Study Completion Date : December 2013

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: A
Drug: bosentan
bosentan/62.5 mg tablet/b.i.d. for 4 weeks then bosentan/125 mg tablet/b.i.d.

Placebo Comparator: B
Drug: placebo
Matching bosentan placebo/b.i.d.

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Time to First Confirmed Morbidity/Mortality Event up to the End of Study [ Time Frame: From baseline to end of study, approximately 86 months ]
    Kaplan-Meier estimate of percentage of participants without a morbidity/mortality event. A morbidity/mortality event is defined as the occurrence of a) death, b) hospitalization for worsening or complication of PAH or intravenous prostanoid initiation, c) atrial septostomy, d) lung transplantation, or e) worsening PAH, defined as "moderately" or "markedly" worsened PAH symptoms using a patient global self-assessment (PGSA) scale AND initiation of inhaled or subcutaneous prostanoids or the disease progression package (open-label bosentan). If a patient replied "no change" or "mildly worse" on the PGSA, a decrease in 6MWT of 20% versus last visit or 30% versus baseline is also required to confirm the event.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Time to First Confirmed Death, Hospitalization for Worsening or Complication of PAH or Initiation of Intravenous Prostanoids, Atrial Septostomy, or Lung Transplantation [ Time Frame: Baseline to end of study, approximately 86 months ]
    Kaplan-Meier estimate of percentage of participants without an event of death, hospitalization (for worsening or complication of PAH or initiation of intravenous prostanoids), atrial septostomy or lung transplantation. Time to first confirmed death, hospitalization (for worsening or complication of PAH or initiation of intravenous prostanoids), atrial septostomy or lung transplantation from baseline to end of study was confirmed by an independent Clinical Endpoint Committee.

  2. Change From Baseline to Week 16 in 6 Minute Walk Test (6MWT) [ Time Frame: From baseline to week 16 ]
    The 6MWT is a non-encouraged test, which measures the distance covered over a 6 minute walk; the patient is instructed to walk as far as possible in a 30 m long flat corridor, back and forth around two cones, with the permission to slow down, rest, or stop if needed. Areas were to be well ventilated with air temperature controlled between 20 °C and 23 °C (68 °F to 76 °F). The test was to be administered at the same time of day and by the same tester throughout the study. The tester measured the distance walked by non-encouraged patients during the timed 6 minute period.

  3. Number of Participants With Improved, No Change, or Worsened World Health Organisation Functional Class From Baseline to Week 16 [ Time Frame: From baseline to Week 16 ]
    Class I: no limitation of usual physical activity (PA) which does not increase dyspnea, fatigue, chest pain, or presyncope. Class II: mild limitation of PA. No discomfort at rest. Normal PA increases dyspnea, fatigue, chest pain, or presyncope. Class III: marked limitation of PA. No discomfort at rest. Less than ordinary activity increases dyspnea, fatigue, chest pain, or presyncope. Class IV: unable to perform any PA and who may have signs of right ventricular failure. Dyspnea and/or fatigue may be present at rest and symptoms are increased by almost any PA.

  4. Time to Death of All Causes From Baseline to End of Study [ Time Frame: Baseline to End of Study, approximately 86 months ]
    Kaplan-Meier estimate of percentage of participants without a mortality event.Time to death due to any cause.

  5. Adjusted Percentage Ratio From Baseline in N-terminal Pro-B-type Natriuretic Peptide (NT-pro-BNP) [ Time Frame: Baseline to Month 20 ]
    Blood sampling for the measurement of NT-pro-BNP was performed and the plasma concentrations of NT-pro-BNP were determined by a certified centralized laboratory.

  6. Change From Baseline to Week 16 in Borg Dyspnea Index [ Time Frame: Baseline to Week 16 ]
    The Borg dyspnea index was evaluated immediately after the 6MWT to obtain a rating of dyspnea at the end of the exercise using a scale from 0 ('Nothing at all') to 10 ('Very, very severe - maximal').

  7. Change From Baseline to Week 16 in the EuroQol 5 Dimensions (EQ-5D) Questionnaire Calculated Score [ Time Frame: From baseline to Week 16 ]
    The EQ-5D questionnaire is a patient-reported outcome consisting of a 5 dimensional descriptive system and a visual analog scale (VAS). The descriptive system asks respondents to describe their health status. Health is defined in 5 dimensions: (1) mobility, (2) self care, (3) usual activities, (4) pain or discomfort, and (5) anxiety or depression. Each dimension is divided into 3 levels, indicating (a) no problem, (b) some or moderate problems, or (c) extreme problems. Respondents record their problem(s) in each of the 5 dimensions. Combinations of these levels define a total of 243 health states. A health state defined by the descriptive system of EQ-5D can be described by a 5-digit number with full health is indicated by 11111 and poorest health state by 33333. The EQ-5D calculated score was derived by re-assigning local scores for answers to each question and combining these local scores into a global score with ranges from 0 (worst possible outcome) to 1 (best possible outcome).

  8. Change From Baseline to Week 16 in the EuroQol 5 Dimensions (EQ-5D) Visual Analogue Scale Score [ Time Frame: Baseline to Week 16 ]
    The EQ-5D questionnaire is a patient-reported outcome consisting of a 5 dimensional descriptive system and a visual analog scale (VAS) together with brief demographic questions. EQ-5D VAS asks respondents to rate their perception of their overall health on a vertical visual analogue scale with 'best imaginable health state' set at 100 and 'worst imaginable health state' set at 0.

  9. Patient Global Self Assessment (PGSA) Status at Week 16 [ Time Frame: Week 16 ]
    The PGSA is a questionnaire that allows the patient to compare his/her PAH status in response to the question "How do you feel about your PAH today compared with your last visit?" asked by the investigator. Patients use a seven-point scale to respond: markedly better, moderately better, mildly better, no change, markedly worse, moderately worse, or mildly worse.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   12 Years and older   (Child, Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Signed informed consent prior to initiation of any study-mandated procedure
  2. Males or females >=12 years of age (except for countries where this age limit is contrary to specific regulatory requirements).

    - Women of childbearing potential must have a negative pretreatment pregnancy test and must use a reliable method of contraception during study treatment and for at least 3 months after study treatment termination.

    ·Reliable methods of contraception are:

    O Barrier type devices (e.g., female condom, diaphragm, contraceptive sponge) only in combination with a spermicide.

    O Intrauterine devices. O Oral, transdermal, injectable or implantable contraceptives only in combination with a barrier method.

    • Hormone-based contraceptives alone, regardless of the route of administration, are not considered as reliable methods of contraception.
    • Abstention, rhythm method, and contraception by the partner alone are not acceptable methods of contraception.

      • Women not of childbearing potential are defined as postmenopausal (i.e., amenorrhea for at least 1 year), or documented surgically or naturally sterile.
  3. Patients with symptomatic PAH
  4. Patients with the following types of PAH belonging to WHO Group I:

    • Idiopathic (IPAH)
    • Familial (FPAH)
    • Associated with (APAH):

      i. Collagen vascular disease with normal left ventricular function (ejection fraction (EF) > 50%) ii. Congenital systemic-to-pulmonary shunts at least 2 years post surgical repair iii. Drugs and toxins

  5. PAH diagnosed by right heart catheter showing:

    • Mean pulmonary arterial pressure (mPAP) >= 25 mm Hg AND
    • Pulmonary capillary wedge pressure (PCWP) =< 15 mm Hg or left ventricular end diastolic pressure (LVEDP) =< 15 mmHg If both PCWP and LVEDP are available then the LVEDP value is retained for inclusion.
  6. Treatment with a stable dose of sildenafil equal to or greater than 20 mg t.i.d. for at least 12 weeks prior to randomization (no sildenafil dosage adjustment should occur in this period) 7)150 m =< 6-minute walk test (6MWT) =< 480 m, documented by 2 tests with second 6MWT within 15% of first 6MWT distance or a third test required

Exclusion Criteria :

  1. PAH belonging to WHO group II-V
  2. PAH associated with portal hypertension and HIV infection
  3. PAH associated with thyroid disorders, glycogen storage disease, Gaucher disease, hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia, hemoglobinopathies, myeloproliferative disorders and splenectomy
  4. PAH associated with significant venous or capillary involvement (PCWP > 15 mmHg): pulmonary veno-occlusive disease and pulmonary capillary hemangiomatosis
  5. Persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn
  6. Significant valvular disease with valvular lesions to be excluded by echocardiogram within 2 years prior to randomization (i.e. patients with tricuspid or pulmonary insufficiency secondary to PAH can be included)
  7. Restrictive lung disease: total lung capacity (TLC) < 60% of normal predicted value (see Appendix 3)
  8. Obstructive lung disease: forced expiratory volume/forced vital capacity (FEV1/FVC) < 0.5
  9. Moderate to severe hepatic impairment, i.e., Child-Pugh Class B or C
  10. Known HIV infection
  11. Acute or chronic impairment (other than dyspnea), limiting the ability to comply with study requirements or that may interfere with the safety or the evaluation of the study, such as chronic infection, chronic renal failure etc.
  12. Psychotic, addictive or other disorder limiting the ability to provide informed consent or to comply with study requirements
  13. Pregnancy or breast-feeding
  14. Condition that prevents compliance with the protocol or adherence to therapy
  15. Systolic blood pressure < 85 mmHg
  16. Body weight < 40 kg
  17. Hemoglobin <75% of the lower limit of the normal range
  18. Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and/or alanine aminotransferase (ALT) > 1.5 times the upper limit of normal ranges
  19. Known hypersensitivity or history of drug-related adverse events with bosentan (e.g. increase in liver function test results), or any of the excipients of its formulation
  20. Receipt of an investigational product other than sildenafil within 3 months before start of study treatment
  21. Treatment with endothelin receptor antagonists (ERAs), prostanoids or phosphodiesterase (PDE) 5 inhibitors other than sildenafil within 3 months prior to randomization
  22. Concomitant systemic treatment within 1 week prior to randomization with

    • calcineurin inhibitors (e.g., cyclosporine A and tacrolimus), sirolimus and everolimus
    • glibenclamide (glyburide)
    • both cytochrome P2C9 (CYP2C9) and cytochrome P3A4 (CYP3A4) (e.g., fluconazole, amiodarone, voriconazole)
    • combination of drugs that inhibit CYP2C9 and CYP3A4
  23. Treatment with nitrates and alpha-blockers at time of randomization
  24. In the opinion of the investigator - patients in need for treatment with any prostanoid up to Visit 4
  25. Significant left ventricular dysfunction

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00303459

  Hide Study Locations
United States, California
UCSD Medical Center, Thornton Hospital
La Jolla, California, United States, 92037-7381
Greater Los Angeles VA Medical Center
Los Angeles, California, United States, 90073
University of California (UC) Davis Health System
Sacramento, California, United States, 95817
San Francisco, California, United States, 94143
United States, Colorado
University of Colorado Health Sciences Center
Denver, Colorado, United States, 80220
United States, Connecticut
University of Connecticut
Farmington, Connecticut, United States, 06030
Yale University School of Medicine, Dept. of Internal Medicine, Pulmonary & Critical Care
New Haven, Connecticut, United States, 06520-8057
United States, Florida
Bay Area Chest Physicians
Clearwater, Florida, United States, 33756
Shands Hospital at the University of Florida
Gainesville, Florida, United States, 30067
University of Florida - Jacksonville
Jacksonville, Florida, United States, 32209
Mayo Clinic Jacksonville
Jacksonville, Florida, United States, 32224
United States, Georgia
Winthrop University Hospital
Mineola, Georgia, United States, 30067
United States, Iowa
University of Iowa Pulmonary Hypertension Program
Iowa City, Iowa, United States, 52242
United States, Kansas
University of Kansas Medical Center
Kansas City, Kansas, United States, 66160
United States, Kentucky
UK Medical Center - University of Kentucky
Lexington, Kentucky, United States, 40536-0294
United States, Maryland
University of Maryland - School of Medicine
Baltimore, Maryland, United States, 21201-1595
Johns Hopkins University
Baltimore, Maryland, United States, 21205
United States, Massachusetts
Tufts - New England Medical Center
Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02111
United States, Michigan
University of Michigan Cardiology
Ann Arbor, Michigan, United States, 48109
Harper University Hospital - Wayne State University
Detroit, Michigan, United States, 48201
Spectrum Health Research Department
Grand Rapids, Michigan, United States, 49525
United States, Minnesota
University of Minnesota Department of Medicine - Cardiovascular Division
Minneapolis, Minnesota, United States, 55455
Mayo Clinic
Rochester, Minnesota, United States, 55905
United States, Missouri
St. Luke's Hospital
Chesterfield, Missouri, United States, 63017
Washington University
St. Louis, Missouri, United States, 63110
United States, New Hampshire
Dartmouth Hitchcock Medical Center
Lebanon, New Hampshire, United States, 03756-0001
United States, North Carolina
Duke University Medical Center (DUMC)
Durham, North Carolina, United States, 27710
United States, Ohio
Lindner Clinical Trials Center
Cincinnati, Ohio, United States, 45219
The Cleveland Clinic Foundation
Cleveland, Ohio, United States, 44195
Ohio State University - Pulmonary Clinical Trials Office - Martha Morehouse Medical Plaza
Columbus, Ohio, United States, 43210
United States, Oregon
The Oregon Clinic - Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine
Portland, Oregon, United States, 97220
United States, Pennsylvania
Allegheny General Hospital
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States, 15212
University of Pittsburgh Medical Center - Presbyterian Cardiovascular Institute
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States, 15213
United States, South Carolina
Medical University of South Carolina (MUSC)
Charleston, South Carolina, United States, 29425
Mid Carolina Internal Medicine
Lexington, South Carolina, United States, 29072
South Carolina Pharmaceutical Research
Spartanburg, South Carolina, United States, 29303
United States, Texas
University of Texas Medical Branch
Galveston, Texas, United States, 77555-0561
Baylor Clinic
Houston, Texas, United States, 77030
United States, Virginia
Inova Fairfax Hospital
Falls Church, Virginia, United States, 22042-3300
United States, Wisconsin
Froedtert Memorial Lutheran Hospital
Milwaukee, Wisconsin, United States, 53226
Hospital de Messejana
Fortaleza, CE, Brazil, 60864-190
Hospital Universitário de Brasília
Brasília, DF, Brazil, 70840-050
Hospital das Clínicas - UFMG
Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil, 30130-100
Hospital Madre Teresa
Belo Horizonte, Brazil, 30430-142
Porto Alegre, Brazil, 90020-090
Instituto Dante Pazzanese
Sao Paulo, Brazil, 04012-909
UNIFESP - Pneumologia
Sao Paulo, Brazil, 04023-062
Hospital das Clínicas - FMUSP
Sao Paulo, Brazil, 05403-000
Czech Republic
Vseobecna Fakultni Nemocnice
Praha, Czech Republic, 128 08
Kardiologicka klinika Videnska
Praha, Czech Republic, 140 21
Copenhagen, Denmark, 2100
Universitätsklinikum Giessen und Marburg, Standort Giessen Zentrum für Innere Medizin
Giessen, Germany, 35392
Medizinische Hochschule Hannover
Hannover, Germany, 30625
Medizinische Klinik der Universitat Innere Medizin III
Heidelberg, Germany, 69120
Klinik Lowenstein GmbH
Loewenstein, Germany, 74245
Universitatsklinikum Regensburg
Regensburg, Germany, 93053
General Hospital Alexandra
Athens, Greece, 11528
University General Hospital "Attikon"
Athens, Greece, 12462
Rio University Hospital
Patras, Greece
Universidade de Coimbra
Coimbra, Portugal, 3000-076
Hospital de Santa Maria
Lisbon, Portugal, 1649-035
Saudi Arabia
Riyadh Military Hospital
Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, 11159
NUSCH, a.s.
Bratislava, Slovakia
Vychodoslovensky ustav srdcovych a cievnych chorob, a.s.
Kosice, Slovakia
Hospital Universitario Insular de Gran Canaria
Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Spain, 35016
Hospital Universitario 12 Octubre
Madrid, Spain, 28041
Sahlgrenska University Hospital
Gothenburg, Sweden
United Kingdom
Royal Hallamshire Hospital
Sheffield, United Kingdom, S102JF
Sponsors and Collaborators

Additional Information:
Publications automatically indexed to this study by Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: Actelion Identifier: NCT00303459     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: AC-052-414
COMPASS-2 ( Other Identifier: Actelion Pharmaceuticals Ltd )
First Posted: March 17, 2006    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: January 26, 2015
Last Update Posted: November 11, 2015
Last Verified: October 2015

Keywords provided by Actelion:
Combination Drug Therapy
Pulmonary Hypertension
Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension
Multicenter Study
Antihypertensive Agents
endothelin receptor antagonist
Randomized Controlled Trial
Phosphodiesterase type 5 inhibitor (PDE5i)
Outcome Assessment

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Familial Primary Pulmonary Hypertension
Vascular Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Hypertension, Pulmonary
Lung Diseases
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Sildenafil Citrate
Endothelin Receptor Antagonists
Vasodilator Agents
Phosphodiesterase 5 Inhibitors
Phosphodiesterase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Urological Agents
Antihypertensive Agents