Alendronate for Vascular Calcification in Peritoneal Dialysis Patients?
Recruitment status was: Not yet recruiting
Hyperphosphatemia is frequently seen in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD). Hyperphosphatemia usually results in a high calcium-phosphorus product (CPP) which may subsequently lead to artery and become a risk factor of cardiovascular complications. Alendronate, due to its effect of inhibiting osteoclasts, is approved for treatment of osteoporosis. Previous reports found the use of bisphosphonates could suppress arterial calcification in hemodialysis dialysis patients. The aim of this study is to evaluate the safety and efficacy of alendronate to suppress coronary artery and aortic calcifications, as well as to improve bone density in chronic peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients.
This study will include ESRD patients who had received maintenance PD for more than 3 months, have high CPP level (≧55), and have chest X-ray proven aortic calcification or coronary artery calcification. All participants are randomly allocated to either group 1 or group 2. Group 1 patients receive alendronate 70 mg once weekly in the first 16 weeks, while group 2 patients receive the same dose of drug every week in the second 16 weeks. The extent of coronary artery and aortic calcification is evaluated by using multi-detector spiral computed tomography, whereas bone mineral density is measured by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. Both examinations are performed at week 0, 16 and 32 for each participant. Laboratory studies and possible adverse reactions were regularly monitored.
We expect that alendronate can alleviate the progression of arterial calcification or even improve it. Bone density may also be improved after treatment. Besides, we wish to find the independent factor(s) influencing the efficacy of alendronate. These results may help clinical physicians for early intervention and prevention of cardiovascular complications in ESRD patients.
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||Can Alendronate Suppress Aortic and Coronary Artery Calcification and Improve Bone Mineral Density in Chronic Peritoneal Dialysis Patients?|
- 1.Changes of calcification score of coronary arteries and aorta
- 2.Changes of bone density
- changes of parathyroid hormone
- changes of serum calcium and phosphate level
- changes of C reactive protein
- changes of lipid profile
- adverse reactions
|Study Start Date:||March 2006|
|Estimated Study Completion Date:||December 2006|
OBJECTIVES The purpose of this study is to determine if long-term use of alendronate can suppress coronary artery and aortic calcification in chronic PD patients. The effect of alendronate on bone mineral density in this patient group is also evaluated.
Patients To be eligible for the study, patients have to meet all of the following criteria: (1) have received maintenance PD for more than 3 months at Far Eastern Memorial Hospital, (2) have high CPP level (≧55), and (3) have chest X-ray proven aortic calcification or coronary artery calcification proven before. Patients are excluded if they have any one of the following conditions: (1) had been hospitalized in recent 3 months due to severe comorbid diseases, (2) are hypersensitive to alendronate or any of its components, (3) have esophageal diseases (4) are not able to stand or sit upright for 30 minutes, (5) have refractory hypocalcemia, or (6) patients who are pregnant.
Each eligible participant has to give his/her written informed consent before the start of study. The study should be approved by the Institutional Review Board of the hospital.
- Study Design The study is a prospective, randomized cross-over study. Fifty patients will be included. All participants are randomly allocated to either group 1 or group 2. Each group consists of 25 patients. Group 1 patients receive alendronate 70 mg once weekly since the first week till the 16th week of the study, while group 2 patients receive the same dose of drug every week since the 17th week till the 32nd week. Group 1 patients will not receive alendronate since the 17th week till the 32nd week, and group 2 patients will not receive alendronate since the first week till the 16 week. The extent of coronary artery and aortic calcification is evaluated by using multi-detector spiral computed tomography, whereas bone mineral density is measured by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. Both examinations are performed at week 0, 16 and 32 for each participant. Serum level of calcium should be kept within normal limits and serum level of phosphorus should be kept below 6 mg/dl.
（3）Administration of Alendronate One tablet of alendronate (70 mg per tablet) should be swallowed by each patient once every week with water at least 30 minutes before breakfast, beverage or medication of the day during the treatment period. Patients must not lie down for at least 30 minutes after taking the drug.
（4）Measurement of Coronary Artery and Aortic Calcification Multi-detector spiral computerized tomography (CT) of the chest is performed at week 0, 16 and 32 for each participant to measure the extent of coronary and aortic calcification.
（5）Measurement of Bone Density Dual energy X-ray absorptiometry is performed at week 0, 16 and 32 for each participant to measure the density of bone.
（6）Demographic and Clinical Characteristics of Patients Patients characteristics such as age and sex are documented. Clinical parameters including body height, body weight, duration of dialysis, calcium concentration of dialysate, and medication under use are recorded. Blood pressure is measured at each clinical visit for 3 times after the patient has sit for at least 15 minutes.
（7）Collection of Laboratory Data Fasting serum levels of albumin, phosphorus, calcium, alkaline phosphatase (ALP), intact parathyroid hormone (iPTH) and hemoglobin level of each patient are checked at study entry and once every month. Fasting serum levels of triglyceride, total cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-chol), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-chol), and hypersensitive C-reactive protein (CRP) of each patient are checked at study entry and once every 3 months.
（8）Record of Adverse Effects of Alendronate Any adverse effect of alendronate is recorded every month at clinic visit. （9）Compliance of Patients Compliance of the patients is monitored by using telephone call once every week during the treatment period with alendronate.
（10）Statistical Analysis All values are expressed as mean ± SD. All data are tested for normal distribution before analysis. Differences between mean values of the 2 groups are tested by means of analysis of variance. Group comparisons of categorical variables are analyzed using chi-square test. Multivariate regression is applied to identify independent determinants of coronary artery and aortic calcification. A probability less than 0.05 is considered statistically significant.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00299572
|Far Eastern Memorial Hospital|
|Taipei, Taiwan, 220|
|Principal Investigator:||Chun-Fu Lai, M.D.||Department of Internal Medicine, Far Eastern Memorial Hospital|