Comprehensive Police Fatigue Management Program
Police officers work some of the most demanding schedules known, which increases their risk of sleep deprivation and sleep disorders. The need to work frequent overnight shifts and long work weeks leads to acute and chronic partial sleep deprivation as well as misalignment of circadian phase. The public expects officers to perform flawlessly, but sleep deprivation and unrecognized sleep disorders significantly degrade cognition, alertness, reaction time and performance. In addition, both acute and chronic sleep deprivation adversely affect personal health, increasing the risk of gastrointestinal and heart disease, impairing glucose metabolism, and substantially increasing the risk of injury due to motor vehicle crashes.
We propose to conduct a randomized, prospective study of the effect on the safety, health, and performance of a police department of a Comprehensive Police Fatigue Management Program (CPFMP) consisting of the following interventions:
- identification and treatment of police with sleep disorders;
- caffeine re-education; and
- initiation of a sleep, health and safety educational program.
These interventions were chosen because we believe them most likely to lead to measurable improvements on work hours, health, safety, and job performance, and because they are cost effective. The success of the CPFMP will be assessed through an experimental comparison with a standard treatment group that will receive sleep education in the absence of any accompanying interventions. The overall goal of our team will be sleep health detection and treatment program that can be disseminated to practitioners, policymakers and researchers nationwide to reduce police officer fatigue and stress; enhance the ability of officers to cope with shift schedules; improve the health, safety and performance of law enforcement officers; and thereby improve public safety.
|Sleep Disorders Sleep Apnea, Obstructive Restless Legs Syndrome Sleep Disorders, Circadian Rhythm Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders||Behavioral: Sleep Hygiene Education Other: Expert-Led Sleep Disorders Screening and Treatment Other: Online Sleep Disorders Screening|
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Factorial Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Diagnostic
|Official Title:||Testing the Effectiveness of a Comprehensive Fatigue Management for the Police|
- Motor vehicle accidents as a function of miles traveled [ Time Frame: 05/2005 - 07/2009 ]
- Number of on-the-job injuries [ Time Frame: 05/2005 - 07/2009 ]
- Number of citations issued [ Time Frame: 05/2005 - 07/2009 ]
- Number of arrests made [ Time Frame: 05/2005 - 07/2009 ]
- Number of warnings issued [ Time Frame: 05/2005 - 07/2009 ]
- Number of officer-initiated vehicle assists [ Time Frame: 05/2005 - 07/2009 ]
- Number of sick leave days [ Time Frame: 05/2005 - 07/2009 ]
- Sleep duration [ Time Frame: 05/2005 - 07/2009 ]
- Sleep quality [ Time Frame: 05/2005 - 07/2009 ]
- Alertness [ Time Frame: 05/2005 - 07/2009 ]
- Performance [ Time Frame: 05/2005 - 07/2009 ]
- Job satisfaction [ Time Frame: 05/2005 - 07/2009 ]
- Burnout [ Time Frame: 05/2005 - 07/2009 ]
- Works hours [ Time Frame: 05/2005 - 07/2009 ]
|Study Start Date:||November 2005|
|Study Completion Date:||December 2010|
|Primary Completion Date:||December 2009 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
|Sleep Hygiene Education||
Behavioral: Sleep Hygiene Education
An education program, consisting of materials from experts in the field of fatigue management, will be provided to all police officers in the intervention group. Videotapes, slides, handouts and other educational material will be compiled to create a variety of information sources for police officers. Examples of materials to be incorporated into this training program would be the Operation Healthy Sleep Training Video, powerpoint created by the Harvard Work Hours, Health and Safety Group and pamphlets provided by the American Academy of Sleep Medicine.
|Expert-Led Sleep Disorders Screening and Treatment||
Other: Expert-Led Sleep Disorders Screening and Treatment
Expert-led sleep disorder screening and treatment will consist of visiting police stations and presenting an information session about Operation Healthy Sleep. The session will take place during work time. During the session, we will invite officers to take the Operation Healthy Sleep survey. All subjects that answer the survey indicating that they are at high risk on the Berlin Questionnaire will be contacted to arrange an initial appointment at our OSA research clinic. If they don't meet the criteria they will be disempanelled.
|Online Sleep Disorders Screening||
Other: Online Sleep Disorders Screening
Online sleep disorder screening will be available to all police officers nation-wide through the Operation Healthy Sleep survey. All subjects that answer the survey questions indicating that they are at high risk of a sleep disorder will be notified either online following the completion of the survey or by email or a letter. Treatment and follow up will not be conducted for individuals who screen positive on the online version of the Operation Healthy Sleep survey.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00246051
|United States, Massachusetts|
|Brigham and Women's Hospital|
|Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02115|
|Principal Investigator:||Charles A. Czeisler, Ph.D., M.D.||Brigham and Women's Hospital|