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Prevention of Asthma With Levocetirizine 18 Month Treatment in Infants (12 - 24 Months) Suffering From Eczema (Atopic Dermatitis) and Sensitized to Grass Pollen and/or House Dust Mite (HDM)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00152464
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : September 9, 2005
Results First Posted : January 22, 2019
Last Update Posted : January 22, 2019
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
UCB Pharma ( UCB Pharma SA )

Brief Summary:
The Early Prevention of Asthma in Atopic Children (EPAAC™). 24 months study to evaluate the efficacy and safety of levocetirizine (LCTZ) in preventing the onset of asthma in 12 to 24 months old children.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Dermatitis, Atopic Drug: Placebo Drug: Levocetirizine Phase 3

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 514 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: The Early Prevention of Asthma in Atopic Children (EPAAC™) Study. A Multi-country, Double Blind, Placebo (PLC) Controlled, Randomized, Parallel Group Trial: Evaluation of the Efficacy and Safety of Levocetirizine (LCTZ) (5 mg/ml Oral Drops -0.125 mg/kg b.w. b.i.d.) Administered for 18 Months in Preventing the Onset of Asthma in 12 to 24 Months Old Children Who Suffer From Atopic Dermatitis and Are Sensitized to Grass Pollen and / or House Dust Mite Allergens.
Actual Study Start Date : March 20, 2002
Actual Primary Completion Date : March 15, 2006
Actual Study Completion Date : March 15, 2006

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Asthma Eczema

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Levocetirizine (LCTZ)
0.125 mg/kg of Levocetirizine (LCTZ) were administered as oral drops twice daily.
Drug: Levocetirizine
Pharmaceutical form: Oral drops Concentration: 5 mg/ml Route of administration: Oral use
Other Name: Xyzal

Placebo Comparator: Placebo (PBO)
Placebo was administered as oral drops twice daily.
Drug: Placebo
Pharmaceutical form: Oral drops Route of administration: Oral use




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Time to Onset of Asthma During the Treatment Period [ Time Frame: During the treatment period (18 months) ]

    The time to onset of asthma was defined as the period elapsed between the randomization visit (V2) and the date of onset of asthma.

    Instead of the median the first Quartile is reported since the median (50%) was not reached.



Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Percentage of Days With Symptoms of Either Wheezing or Nocturnal Cough [ Time Frame: During the treatment period (18 months) ]
    The caring person was to note on the diary card each nocturnal cough event with sleep disturbances occurring from 7:00 pm to 7:00 am and each wheezing event occurring at any time together with the treatment for these symptoms.

  2. Percentage of Days With Symptoms of Wheezing [ Time Frame: During the treatment period (18 months) ]
    The caring person was to note on the diary card each each wheezing event occurring at any time.

  3. Percentage of Days With Symptoms of Nocturnal Cough [ Time Frame: During the treatment period (18 months) ]
    The caring person was to note on the diary card each nocturnal cough event with sleep disturbances occurring from 7:00 pm to 7:00 am

  4. Percentage of Subjects Using Asthma Medication [ Time Frame: During the treatment period (18 months) ]
    The following asthma medications were taken into consideration: Beta 2-mimetics, cromoglycates, inhaled corticoids, systemic corticoids, leukotriene antagonists

  5. Percentage of Days of Use of Asthma Medication [ Time Frame: During the treatment period (18 months) ]
    The following asthma medications were taken into consideration: Beta 2-mimetics, cromoglycates, inhaled corticoids, systemic corticoids, leukotriene antagonists

  6. Percentage of Subjects Using Medication for Atopic Dermatitis [ Time Frame: During the treatment period (18 months) ]
    The following medications for Atopic Dermatitis were taken into consideration: Topical corticosteroids/ Local Steroids Class A, non‐steroidal anti‐inflammatory (NSAI) creams, tar/ Local Steroids Class B/ Local Steroids Class C/ Topical tacrolimus/ Topical pimecrolimus/ Systemic H1 anti-histamines/ Local antibiotics or antiseptics

  7. Percentage of Days of Use of Medication for Atopic Dermatitis [ Time Frame: During the treatment period (18 months) ]
    The following medications for Atopic Dermatitis were taken into consideration: Emollients, local antihistamines; Local steroids class (LSC) A, non‐steroidal anti‐inflammatory (NSAI) creams, tar; Local steroids class B; Local steroids class C; Local antibiotics or antiseptics; Oral H1 anti-histamines (a-h); Local antibiotics (ABs) or antiseptics

  8. Percentage of Subjects With Urticaria [ Time Frame: During the treatment period (18 months) ]
    Urticaria was defined as typical hives or areas of skin swelling, redness and itching distinctly different from the child's usual inflamed skin lesions of Atopic Dermatitis (AD), associated with an infection or food allergen ingestion/contact or other trigger.

  9. Number of Episodes of Urticaria Per Subject [ Time Frame: During the treatment period (18 months) ]
    Urticaria was defined as typical hives or areas of skin swelling, redness and itching distinctly different from the child's usual inflamed skin lesions of Atopic Dermatitis (AD), associated with an infection or food allergen ingestion/contact or other trigger.



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Ages Eligible for Study:   12 Months to 24 Months   (Child)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

Inclusion criteria which must be verified during screening visit (V1):

  • Children of either sex aged between 12 and 24 months
  • Subjects suffering from symptoms of Atopic Dermatitis (AD) lasting cumulatively for at least 2 months since birth
  • Modified Severity Scoring of Atopic Dermatitis (SCORAD) Index >= 10
  • Subjects whose biological mother or father, or one sibling has a well-documented history of atopy (AD, allergic rhinitis or asthma)

Inclusion criteria which must be verified during randomization (V2):

  • Results of the Radio-allergosorbant (RAST) test for grass pollen (GP) and house dust mite (HDM) are available and Immunoglobulin E (IgE) level against GP >= 0.35 kUA/l and/or IgE level against HDM ≥ 0.35 kUA/l
  • Safety laboratory results are within the normal range of the central laboratory or considered as not clinically significant or study disease related by the Investigator

Exclusion Criteria:

Exclusion criteria to verify at screening visit (V1):

Are to be excluded from the participation in the study, those children who

  • Have height or weight below the 5th percentile
  • Have experienced at least one episode of wheezing when aged 6 months or over
  • Have suffered at age 6 months or over, from at least one nocturnal cough episode consisting of 3 (or more) consecutive nights resulting in sleep disturbances in a clinical setting where asthma is likely and other conditions have been excluded
  • Have chronic pulmonary diseases of any type, such as, but not limited to, cystic fibrosis, or any cranio-facial abnormality, e.g., cleft palate
  • Have a personal history of sleep apnea or who have siblings with a history of sleep apnea
  • Are treated with any immunomodulator medication such as, e.g., cyclosporin, cyclophosphamide or FK 506 (Tacrolimus)
  • Have received or are receiving allergen - specific immunotherapy
  • Suffer from concomitant dermatological disease/condition other than atopic dermatitis, that might interfere with the evaluation of the clinical response for atopic dermatitis
  • Have an insufficient wash-out period for the following medications:

    • Intranasal or systemic antihistamines: 3 days,
    • Intranasal or systemic decongestants: 3 days,
    • Loratadine, Desloratadine: 10 days,
    • Chromones: 2 weeks,
    • Oral corticosteroids: 1 month,
    • Chronic use (i.e. cumulatively up to 2 weeks within the last 3 months) of inhaled/intranasal corticosteroids: 1 month,
    • Ketotifen: 1 month,
    • Astemizole: 6 weeks
  • Have been treated with any antihistamine, including ketotifen, with daily intake for more than 2 consecutive months in the last 6 months before screening

Subject Exclusion criteria to verify at randomization visit (V2):

• Intake of any prohibited medication listed above during the selection period


Additional Information:
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Responsible Party: UCB Pharma SA
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00152464    
Other Study ID Numbers: A00309
First Posted: September 9, 2005    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: January 22, 2019
Last Update Posted: January 22, 2019
Last Verified: August 2018
Keywords provided by UCB Pharma ( UCB Pharma SA ):
EPAAC
Atopic children
Asthma
XYZAL
Levocetirizine
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Asthma
Dermatitis, Atopic
Dermatitis
Bronchial Diseases
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Lung Diseases, Obstructive
Lung Diseases
Respiratory Hypersensitivity
Hypersensitivity, Immediate
Hypersensitivity
Immune System Diseases
Skin Diseases
Skin Diseases, Genetic
Genetic Diseases, Inborn
Skin Diseases, Eczematous
Cetirizine
Levocetirizine
Histamine H1 Antagonists, Non-Sedating
Histamine H1 Antagonists
Histamine Antagonists
Histamine Agents
Neurotransmitter Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Anti-Allergic Agents