Safety and Efficacy of T Cell Genetic Immunotherapy for HIV
This study uses autologous (one's own) CD4 T cells modified with a viral vector expressing a genetic antisense targeting HIV, this vector is called VRX496. Study treatment is by intravenous infusion of vector modified cells and infusions will be provided every other week for a total of 4 or 8 doses. These modified cells, once infused, may provide immune support and are not destroyed by HIV, and thus may delay or reverse HIV disease progression. The study will enroll up to 40 male and female HIV-positive subjects in up to 8 centers. Subjects will be 18 years of age and over who have failed or are intolerant to at least one triple combination of antiretroviral drugs. Subjects must have a viral load between 5,000 and 200,000 copies/ml and a CD4+ count of ≥150, be in good health and have no evidence of active opportunistic infection, heart disease, or bleeding disorders. Subjects must not be on corticosteroids, immunomodulating agents or hydroxyurea. Subjects must not have received an AIDS vaccine or any investigational gene therapy product at any time. Females must not be pregnant or breastfeeding.
|Study Design:||Allocation: Non-Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||A Phase II, Open-label, Multicenter Study to Evaluate the Safety, Tolerability, and Biological Activity of Single and Repeated Doses of Autologous T Cells Transduced With VRX496 in HIV-Positive Subjects|
- Change in viral load [ Time Frame: 1 Year ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
- Change in CD4 counts [ Time Frame: 1 Year ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
- Safety [ Time Frame: 15 Years ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
- Immune function [ Time Frame: 1 Year ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
- AIDS related illness [ Time Frame: 1 Year ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
- Persistence of vector modified cells [ Time Frame: 15 Years ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
|Study Start Date:||July 2005|
|Estimated Study Completion Date:||June 2023|
|Primary Completion Date:||November 2008 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Genetic: VRX496-Modified Autologous T cells
Genetic: Anti-HIV antisense
Hide Detailed Description
VIRxSYS has concluded a 6-month Phase 1/2 clinical study under an IND of the vector VRX496 in HIV-positive subjects who have failed at least two HAART regimens. HAART typically consists of a triple "cocktail" of drugs. Although these cocktails have been successful in reducing viral loads and restoring immune function, they do not represent a cure. There are also concerns about adverse effects associated with long-term usage of HAART. Specifically, a variety of metabolic disorders including HIV-associated lipodystrophy, central adiposity, dyslipidaemia, hyperlipidaemia, hyperglycemia, and insulin resistance have been reported as resulting from HAART. These reactions, combined with often complex and cumbersome dosing regimens, can have an adverse effect on patient-subject adherence to therapy. Furthermore, poor adherence has led to increased rates of HIV resistance, resulting in viral strains that have reduced sensitivity to the drugs. Importantly, in the Phase 1/2 clinical trial conducted by VIRxSYS, there were no reported toxicities associated with the product.
Gene therapy for HIV-1 infection has been proposed as an alternative to antiretroviral drug regimens. A number of different genetic vectors with antiviral payloads have been utilized to combat HIV-1, including antisense RNA, transdominant proteins, ribozymes, RNA decoys, single chain antibodies, and RNAi (RNA-interference. Antisense RNA targeted to wt-HIV RNA offers a significant advantage over several other genetic antiviral approaches because it is not a protein and thus not immunogenic and because the size of the payload prevents virus escape mutants, such as occurs with the use of RNAi.
In this Phase 2 protocol, 6 subjects will be staggered for infusion by at least 2 weeks. The first group of 3 subjects will receive 4 infusions (4-dose cohort). If no dose limiting toxicities (DLT) are observed, the second group of 3 subjects, (i.e. subjects 4, 5 and 6) will continue with 8 infusions (8-dose cohort). Safety visits are scheduled 1 week after infusion and monthly for the first 6 months and at 9 months following the last infusion.
After safety has been evaluated, and in order to explore biological activity, additional subjects (6-10 evaluable subjects) will be entered into each cohort. Follow-up visits are scheduled 1 week after infusion and monthly for the first 6 months and at 9 months following the last infusion.
The effect of a single bolus will also be examined in a third cohort. The single bolus infusion will consist of the following cell doses: approximately 10 billion, 20 billion, and 30 billion, respectively. Subjects will be allotted to the respective cell dose groups according to the order in which they are enrolled. Three to 5 subjects will be allotted to the lower cell dose group and followed for safety for 4 weeks. After safety is evaluated, the next group (3 to 5 subjects) will be allotted to the next higher cell dose group and followed for safety for 4 weeks. If the intermediate cell dose group is determined to be safe, an additional 3 to 5 subjects will be allotted to the highest cell dose group. All subjects will be followed for safety at biweekly intervals for the first 4 weeks and thereafter at monthly intervals up to 6 months and then at 9 months.
The study has concluded it's 9-month active phase. Subjects are currently in a 15-year Long Term Follow-up Phase of the study.
In keeping with the recently released Guidance on Monitoring For Delayed Adverse Events, that states that for the first 5 years all subjects should undergo monitoring of vector sequences every 6 months, subjects will visit the clinic at a maximum of 6 months intervals for a blood test evaluating persistence of vector sequences.
Therefore for the first 5 years, subjects will have 6 months visits for safety assessment. For years 6 to 15, subjects will be contacted by phone or mail. At these contacts, subjects will be asked about their health status.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00131560
|United States, California|
|Stanford AIDS Clinical Trials Unit|
|Palo Alto, California, United States, 94304|
|United States, Connecticut|
|CIRCLE Medical, LLC|
|Norwalk, Connecticut, United States, 06851|
|United States, Florida|
|Steinhart Medical Associates|
|Miami, Florida, United States, 33133|
|United States, Kentucky|
|University of Kentucky|
|Lexington, Kentucky, United States, 40536|
|United States, New York|
|Jacobi Medical Center|
|Bronx, New York, United States, 10461|
|Study Director:||Tessio Rebello, PhD||VIRxSYS Corporation|