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LOSS- Louisiana Obese Subjects Study (LOSS)

This study has been terminated.
(ethical issues of continuing control group without treatment)
Louisiana Office of Group Benefits
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Donna H. Ryan, MD, Pennington Biomedical Research Center Identifier:
First received: June 20, 2005
Last updated: January 22, 2016
Last verified: January 2016
LOSS is a pragmatic clinical evaluation of intensive medical approaches to weight loss for individuals with extreme obesity (body mass index [BMI] 40-60 kg/m2). The intensive medical treatment is designed to produce 25% weight loss from baseline and to maintain at least 20% weight loss from baseline. The intensive medical treatment is compared to a usual care treatment model where individuals utilize self directed approaches to weight loss. The active treatment period is three years, followed by two years of observation.

Condition Intervention Phase
Behavioral: group sessions
Drug: sibutramine, orlistat, diethylpropion
Behavioral: Low Calorie Diet, Health One
Other: Intensive Medical Combination Therapy for Obesity
Other: Control Condition
Phase 4

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Loss - Louisiana Obese Subjects Study

Further study details as provided by Pennington Biomedical Research Center:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Percent Change From Baseline Weight [ Time Frame: Baseline, 2 years ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Change in Weight From Baseline in Kilograms (kg) [ Time Frame: Baseline, 2 years ]
  • Change in Blood Pressure [ Time Frame: Baseline, 2 years ]
  • Percent Change in Blood Tests- Low Density Lipoprotein (LDL), High Density Lipoprotein (HDL), Triglycerides and Uric Acid [ Time Frame: Baseline, 2 years ]
  • Change in Fasting Plasma Glucose (FPG) in Milligrams Per Deciliter (mg/dL) [ Time Frame: Baseline, 2 years ]
  • Change in Duke Activity Status Index (DASI) Questionnaire Score [ Time Frame: Baseline, 2 years ]
    The DASI was used to access changes in fuctional capacity during the study. The highest score possible is 58.2 and the lowest is 0. The score for each individual question varied depending on the intensity of the activity being evaluated. The higher the score, the more physically active a person is to this set of activities of daily living questions.

Enrollment: 390
Study Start Date: July 2005
Study Completion Date: January 2008
Primary Completion Date: December 2007 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: 1
Intensive Medical Intervention including Low Calorie Liquid Diet, Weight loss medications, Group Behavioral Therapy and a "Tool Box" approach
Behavioral: group sessions
group sessions lead by a trained primary care clinic employee
Drug: sibutramine, orlistat, diethylpropion
dosage modified according to package insert instructions at discretion of primary care physicians
Behavioral: Low Calorie Diet, Health One
liquid diet for 8-12 weeks to induce weight loss
Other: Intensive Medical Combination Therapy for Obesity
Very Low Calorie Liquid diet, Group Behavioral Therapy, Meal Replacement Therapy, Obesity Pharmacotherapy and a "Treatment Toolbox".
Active Comparator: 2
Access to Weight Loss Informational Website sponsored by the Mayo Clinic
Other: Control Condition
Access to the Mayo Clinic weight management website and usual care from the primary care physician

  Hide Detailed Description

Detailed Description:

LOSS is a pragmatic clinical trial designed to evaluate intensive medical treatment for patients with severe obesity who would otherwise qualify as candidates for obesity surgery and who are covered by the Louisiana Office of Group Benefits (OGB) Health Insurance. LOSS will track the efficacy, safety and costs to compare two patient management approaches - intensive medical treatment, or a usual medical care treatment model. Recruitment will be done by mailers to insured patients to identify eligible candidates. We will randomly assign eligible volunteers to intensive medical treatment (n=240) or usual care (n=240). Patients will be evaluated annually and medical treatments are given in eight clinics around Louisiana. The eight sites are in Alexandria, Baton Rouge, Lafayette, Lake Charles, Monroe, Hammond, New Orleans and Shreveport.


We hypothesize that we can achieve weight loss after two and five years that exceeds 20% from baseline with intensive medical management of persons with class III obesity and that this weight loss is greater than that achieved with usual medical care including access to a weight management web site.

Our secondary hypotheses are: 1) that the weight loss at year 2 and 5 in the intensive medical group is associated with improvements in blood pressure, fasting glucose, lipids, health-related quality of life and psychosocial measures and is greater improvement than that achieved with usual medical care and access to a website; and 2) that total medical costs in the intensive medical management group will compare favorably to total medical costs in the usual care group (i.e., total reimbursement from insurance costs will be less, even when the expense of the treatment is considered).

Overall Aim:

The overarching aim of this study is to observe the effect of an intensive medical management program versus usual care for class III obesity on weight loss, total medical costs and, on measures of health risks associated with weight loss (blood pressure, blood glucose, blood lipids, and health-related quality of life).

Specific Aims:

Primary: The primary specific aim of the LOSS study is to test the hypothesis that the weight loss efficacy at years 2 and 5 for an intensive medical treatment program for Class III obesity produces greater weight loss, as compared to a condition of usual care.

Secondary: The secondary aims of the study are:

  • To evaluate the percent change in body weight, absolute change in body weight (kilograms) and percent excess weight lost from baseline at months 3, 6, 12, 24, 36, 48 and 60 for medically treated patient groups, and at years 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 for both groups.
  • To evaluate the number and proportion of subjects who maintain 100% and 80% of 12 months weight lost at months 24, 36, 48 and 60 for medically treated patients and at years 2, 3, 4 and 5 for both groups.
  • To evaluate the changes from baseline in blood pressure, pulse rate, and efficacy laboratory parameters at visits on months 3, 6, 12, 24, 36, 48 and 60 for the medically treated patient group, and at years 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 for both groups.
  • To assess the safety and tolerability of the intervention regimens at months 3, 6, 12, 24, 36, 48 and 60 for the medically treated patient group.
  • To assess the total medical costs of the participants treated with intensive medical treatment and for the patients receiving usual care at years 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5.
  • To assess additional psychosocial and economic measures (health-related quality of life, pain, depression, and stress) for the intervention group at months 4, 8, 12, 24, 36, 48 and 60 months for both groups at years 1, 2, 3, 4, and 5.
  • To compare subgroups of patients with class III obesity to determine if differences in outcome exist for gender, race, education level, decades of age and presence of co-morbid conditions.

The Pennington Biomedical Research Center is the lead institution for the project. Pennington Management of Clinical Trials (PMCT) will serve as the Coordinating Center to manage enrollment and data acquisition and will report all data of health and cost results to a Data Safety Monitoring Board on a regular basis. Major data reports and scientific publications occur at years 2 and 5.


Ages Eligible for Study:   20 Years to 60 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Participant in the Exclusive Provider Organization (EPO), Managed Care Organization (MCO) and Preferred Provider Organization (PPO) programs of the Louisiana State Employees Group Benefits Health Insurance
  • Agree to travel for treatment to the assigned study site
  • Agree to randomized treatment assignment
  • Male and females age 20-60 years
  • Body Mass Index >40kg/m2 but < 60 kg/m2
  • Females must be non-pregnant and using an approved contraception method
  • Complete Blood Count (CBC): normal hematocrit, white count and platelet count, unless waived by Principal Investigator (PI)
  • Uric Acid <9.0 mg/dl
  • Normal Creatinine
  • Normal Thyroid Stimulating Hormone (TSH)
  • Negative urine pregnancy test for women of childbearing potential
  • Able to give written informed consent
  • Able to comply with study procedures

Exclusion Criteria:

Factors that may limit adherence to interventions or affect conduct of the trial:

  • Unable or unwilling to give informed consent or communicate with local study staff
  • Hospitalization for psychiatric illness or substance use/abuse within the past year
  • Self-report of alcohol or substance abuse within the past twelve months
  • Current major depressive episode or history of suicidal behaviors
  • Endorsement of significant recent suicidal ideation (as determined by PI)
  • Travel plans that do not permit participation
  • History of prior bariatric surgery, small bowel resection, or extensive bowel resection
  • Current use of chronic systemic corticosteroids, appetite suppressants, antipsychotic medication, herbal medications for weight loss or any medication not approved by the PI.
  • Another member of the household is a participant or staff member in the study
  • History of eating disorder such as anorexia nervosa, bulimia, or binge eating
  • Diagnosis of schizophrenia, other psychotic disorders, bipolar disorder, or personality disorder (as determined by the PI)
  • Currently pregnant or nursing or plans to become pregnant in the next five years
  • Except for non-melanoma skin cancer, cancer requiring treatment in the past five years, unless the prognosis is excellent
  • Self report of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) positive, hepatitis C or active tuberculosis
  • Cardiovascular disease event within the past year
  • Severe congestive heart failure (New York Heart Association [NYHA] Functional Class III, IV)
  • Second degree or greater heart block
  • Blood Pressure >160 systolic or >100 diastolic on two consecutive visits, unless treated and re-screened
  • Based upon responses to psychological screening or an interview, patients may be excluded by the study psychologist.
  • Other medical, psychiatric, or behavioral limitations that in the judgment of the investigator may interfere with study participation or the ability to follow the intervention protocol.
  • Pregnancy is to be avoided during the study. Women who have not had a hysterectomy or oophorectomy must have a negative urine pregnancy test result at screening. Women of childbearing potential will be allowed to participate if they have undergone tubal ligation, or use one of the following types of contraception: properly used condom or diaphragm, oral contraceptives, hormonal implant, or intrauterine device (IUD). Sexual abstinence may constitute an acceptable birth control method for this study with investigator approval. Women with male partners who have had a successful vasectomy (more than one year of unprotected sexual intercourse without pregnancy) are not required to use additional birth control methods as long as the relationship remains exclusive, and the woman agrees to use an approved contraception method with any other male partner. Questions regarding individual patient contraceptive practices should be directed to the Principal Investigator.
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Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00115063

United States, Louisiana
Pennington Management of Clinical Trials
Baton Rouge, Louisiana, United States, 70808
Sponsors and Collaborators
Pennington Biomedical Research Center
Louisiana Office of Group Benefits
Principal Investigator: Donna H Ryan, MD Pennington Biomedical Research Center
  More Information

Additional Information:
Publications automatically indexed to this study by Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: Donna H. Ryan, MD, Professor, Adjunct, Pennington Biomedical Research Center Identifier: NCT00115063     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: PBRC 25002
Study First Received: June 20, 2005
Results First Received: March 1, 2010
Last Updated: January 22, 2016

Keywords provided by Pennington Biomedical Research Center:
Low Calorie Diet
Obesity Pharmacotherapy
Pragmatic Clinical Trial

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Nutrition Disorders
Body Weight
Signs and Symptoms
Antidepressive Agents
Psychotropic Drugs
Appetite Depressants
Anti-Obesity Agents
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action processed this record on April 28, 2017