Docetaxel Followed by CEF (Cyclophosphamide, Epirubicin and 5-Fluorouracil) Compared to Docetaxel and Capecitabine Followed by CEX (Cyclophosphamide, Epirubicin and Capecitabine) as Adjuvant Treatment for Breast Cancer
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||A Randomized Phase III Study Comparing Docetaxel Followed by Cyclophosphamide, Epirubicin and 5-FU to Docetaxel With Capecitabine Followed by Cyclophosphamide, Epirubicin and Capecitabine as Adjuvant Treatment for Early Breast Cancer|
- Recurrence-free survival
- Adverse event rate (CTCAE v. 3.0)
- Overall survival
|Study Start Date:||January 2004|
|Study Completion Date:||April 2007|
This is an open-label, two-arm, randomized multi-center phase III trial to compare efficacy and safety of a taxane-anthracycline regimen to a taxane-anthracycline-capecitabine regimen as adjuvant treatment of early breast cancer with an intermediate-to-high risk of cancer recurrence.
Patients diagnosed with early breast cancer with an estimated risk of 25% or greater for distant recurrence within 5 years from the diagnosis will be randomly allocated to one of the following 2 arms (1:1):
- Arm A -- 3 cycles of docetaxel 80 mg/m² intravenous (i.v.) (repeated on day [d.] 22); followed by 3 cycles of CEF (cyclophosphamide 600 mg/m2 i.v., epirubicin 75mg/m² i.v., 5-fluorouracil 600 mg/m2 i.v., repeated on d. 22)
- Arm B -- 3 cycles of TX (docetaxel 60 mg/m² i.v., capecitabine twice daily 900 mg/m² given orally on days 1-15 of the cycle; cycle repeated on d. 22); followed by 3 cycles of CEX (cyclophosphamide 600 mg/m2 i.v., epirubicin 75mg/m² i.v, capecitabine twice daily 900 mg/m² on days 1-15 of the cycle; cycle repeated on d. 22)
Locoregional radiotherapy is given according to the institutional practice after completing adjuvant chemotherapy (Tx3/CEFx3 or TXx3/CEXx3).
All patients with ER and/or PgR positive disease will receive adjuvant endocrine therapy. This will consist of 1 mg p.o. anastrozole (ArimidexR) given for 60 months in women who were post-menopausal prior to chemotherapy (no menstrual periods for > 6 months) or of tamoxifen 20 mg p.o. for 60 months in women who were pre-menopausal prior to chemotherapy.
Use of trastuzumab is allowed in HER-2 positive disease.
Patients will be followed up for 5 years post-randomization.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00114816
|Department of Oncology, Helsinki University Central Hospital, Finland|
|Helsinki, Finland, FIN-00029|
|Principal Investigator:||Heikki T Joensuu, M.D., prof.||Department of Oncology, Helsinki University Central Hospital, Helsinki, Finland|