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Surgery With or Without Internal Radiation Therapy in Treating Patients With Stage I Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer

This study is ongoing, but not recruiting participants.
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Alliance for Clinical Trials in Oncology Identifier:
First received: April 5, 2005
Last updated: July 23, 2015
Last verified: July 2015
This randomized phase III trial studies surgery and internal radiation therapy to see how well they work compared to surgery alone in treating patients with stage I non-small cell lung cancer. Surgery may be an effective treatment for non-small cell lung cancer. Internal radiation uses radioactive material placed directly into or near a tumor to kill tumor cells. It is not yet known whether surgery and internal radiation therapy are more effective than surgery alone in treating non-small cell lung cancer.

Condition Intervention Phase
Lung Cancer
Procedure: conventional surgery
Procedure: therapeutic thoracoscopy
Radiation: brachytherapy
Radiation: iodine I 125
Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Randomized Phase III Study of Sublobar Resection Versus Sublobar Resection Plus Brachytherapy in High Risk Patients With Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC), 3cm or Smaller

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by Alliance for Clinical Trials in Oncology:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Time to local recurrence [ Time Frame: Up to 3 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Specific morbidity (any grade 3 or higher adverse events or hospitalization) and mortality (death or in-hospital death) [ Time Frame: Within 30 days ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Overall survival (OS) [ Time Frame: Up to 5 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Estimated Enrollment: 226
Study Start Date: July 2005
Primary Completion Date: April 2011 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Active Comparator: Arm I
Patients undergo open or thoracoscopic sublobar resection comprising either a wedge resection or anatomical segmentectomy.
Procedure: conventional surgery
No information available
Procedure: therapeutic thoracoscopy
No information available
Experimental: Arm II
Patients undergo surgery as in arm I. Patients also undergo intraoperative brachytherapy comprising an iodine I 125 implant at the resection margin.
Procedure: conventional surgery
No information available
Procedure: therapeutic thoracoscopy
No information available
Radiation: brachytherapy
No information available
Radiation: iodine I 125
No information available

Detailed Description:


I. To ascertain whether patients treated by sublobar resection (SR) + brachytherhapy (BX) have longer time to local recurrence as compared to the patients treated by SR (local recurrence includes recurrence within the same lobe or hilum [N1 nodes], or progression at the staple line after treatment effects such as scarring have subsided).


I. To compare procedure specific morbidity and mortality between study arms. II. To compare overall survival and failure-free survival between study arms. III. To assess freedom from regional or distant recurrence. IV. To assess the effect of histological or cytologic positive resection margins on time to local recurrence.

V. To determine the effect of brachytherapy on quality of life (QoL). VI. To determine the effect of brachytherapy on pulmonary function.

OUTLINE: Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 treatment arms.

ARM I: Patients undergo open or thoracoscopic sublobar resection comprising either a wedge resection or anatomical segmentectomy.

ARM II: Patients undergo surgery as in arm I. Patients also undergo intraoperative brachytherapy comprising iodine I 125 implant at the resection margin.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed at 3, 6, 12, 18, 24, 30, and 36 months and then yearly for 2 years.


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients must have a suspicious lung nodule for clinical stage I non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC)
  • Patient must have a mass =< 3 cm maximum diameter by computed tomography (CT) size estimate: clinical stage Ia or selected Ib (i.e., with visceral pleural involvement)
  • Patient must have a CT scan of the chest with upper abdomen within 60 days prior to date of pre-registration
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG)/Zubrod performance status 0, 1, or 2
  • Patient must meet at least one major criteria or meet a minimum of two minor criteria as described below:

    • Major criteria

      • Forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1) =< 50% predicted
      • Diffusing capacity of the lungs for carbon monoxide (DLCO) =< 50% predicted
    • Minor criteria

      • Age >= 75
      • FEV1 51-60% predicted
      • DLCO 51-60% predicted
      • Pulmonary hypertension (defined as a pulmonary artery systolic pressure greater than 40 mmHg) as estimated by echocardiography or right heart catheterization
      • Poor left ventricular function (defined as an ejection fraction of 40% or less)
      • Resting or exercise partial pressure of oxygen (pO2) =< 55 mm Hg or peripheral capillary oxygen saturation (SpO2) =< 88%
      • Partial pressure of carbon dioxide (pCO2) > 45 mm Hg
      • Modified Medical Research Council (MMRC) Dyspnea Scale >= 3
  • Patient must not have had previous intra-thoracic radiation therapy
  • Women of child-bearing potential must have negative serum or urine pregnancy test
  • No prior invasive malignancy, unless disease-free for >= 5 years prior to pre-registration (exceptions: non-melanoma skin cancer, in-situ cancers)
  • Patient must have biopsy-proven NSCLC
  • Patient must have all suspicious mediastinal lymph nodes (> 1 cm short-axis dimension on CT scan or positive on positron emission tomography [PET] scan) assessed by one of the following methods to confirm negative involvement with NSCLC (mediastinoscopy, endo-esophageal ultrasound guided needle aspiration, CT-guided, video-assisted thoracoscopic or open lymph node biopsy)
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00107172

  Hide Study Locations
United States, Arizona
Mayo Clinic Scottsdale
Scottsdale, Arizona, United States, 85259-5499
United States, California
University of California Davis Cancer Center
Sacramento, California, United States, 95817
United States, Florida
Mayo Clinic - Jacksonville
Jacksonville, Florida, United States, 32224
United States, Georgia
Winship Cancer Institute of Emory University
Altanta, Georgia, United States, 30322
United States, Illinois
Evanston Hospital
Evanston, Illinois, United States, 60201-1781
Cancer Institute at St. John's Hospital
Springfield, Illinois, United States, 62702
Regional Cancer Center at Memorial Medical Center
Springfield, Illinois, United States, 62781-0001
Simmons Cooper Cancer Institute
Springfield, Illinois, United States, 62794-9677
United States, Maryland
Cancer Institute at St. Joseph Medical Center
Towson, Maryland, United States, 21204
United States, Massachusetts
Boston University Cancer Research Center
Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02118
United States, Michigan
University of Michigan Comprehensive Cancer Center
Ann Arbor, Michigan, United States, 48109-0942
United States, Minnesota
Mayo Clinic Cancer Center
Rochester, Minnesota, United States, 55905
United States, Missouri
Siteman Cancer Center at Barnes-Jewish Hospital - Saint Louis
Saint Louis, Missouri, United States, 63110
United States, New Hampshire
Norris Cotton Cancer Center at Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center
Lebanon, New Hampshire, United States, 03756-0002
United States, New Jersey
Valley Hospital - Ridgewood
Ridgewood, New Jersey, United States, 07450
United States, New York
South Nassau Communities Hospital
Oceanside, New York, United States, 11572
James P. Wilmot Cancer Center at University of Rochester Medical Center
Rochester, New York, United States, 14642
SUNY Upstate Medical University Hospital
Syracuse, New York, United States, 13210
United States, North Carolina
Presbyterian Cancer Center at Presbyterian Hospital
Charlotte, North Carolina, United States, 28233-3549
United States, Ohio
Charles M. Barrett Cancer Center at University Hospital
Cincinnati, Ohio, United States, 45267
United States, Oregon
Knight Cancer Institute at Oregon Health and Science University
Portland, Oregon, United States, 97239-3098
United States, Pennsylvania
Jameson Memorial Hospital - North Campus
New Castle, Pennsylvania, United States, 16105
Abramson Cancer Center of the University of Pennsylvania
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States, 19104-4283
Kimmel Cancer Center at Thomas Jefferson University - Philadelphia
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States, 19107-5541
Fox Chase Cancer Center - Philadelphia
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States, 19111-2497
Allegheny Cancer Center at Allegheny General Hospital
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States, 15212
UPMC Cancer Centers
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States, 15232
McGlinn Family Regional Cancer Center at Reading Hospital and Medical Center
Reading, Pennsylvania, United States, 19612-6052
United States, Rhode Island
Rhode Island Hospital Comprehensive Cancer Center
Providence, Rhode Island, United States, 02903
Miriam Hospital
Providence, Rhode Island, United States, 02906
United States, Tennessee
U.T. Medical Center Cancer Institute
Knoxville, Tennessee, United States, 37920-6999
United States, Texas
Methodist Hospital
Houston, Texas, United States, 77030
United States, Utah
Jon and Karen Huntsman Cancer Center at Intermountain Medical Center
Murray, Utah, United States, 84157
United States, Virginia
University of Virginia Cancer Center
Charlottesville, Virginia, United States, 22908
United States, Washington
Floyd and Delores Jones Cancer Institute at Virginia Mason Medical Center
Seattle, Washington, United States, 98111
Swedish Cancer Institute at Swedish Medical Center - First Hill Campus
Seattle, Washington, United States, 98122-4307
United States, Wisconsin
University of Wisconsin Paul P. Carbone Comprehensive Cancer Center
Madison, Wisconsin, United States, 53792-6164
Canada, Ontario
London Regional Cancer Program at London Health Sciences Centre
London, Ontario, Canada, N6A 4L6
Sponsors and Collaborators
Alliance for Clinical Trials in Oncology
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Study Chair: Hiran C. Fernando, MD Boston Medical Center
  More Information

Publications automatically indexed to this study by Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: Alliance for Clinical Trials in Oncology Identifier: NCT00107172     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: ACOSOG-Z4032  CDR0000422346 
Study First Received: April 5, 2005
Last Updated: July 23, 2015
Health Authority: United States: Institutional Review Board

Keywords provided by Alliance for Clinical Trials in Oncology:
stage I non-small cell lung cancer

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Lung Neoplasms
Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung
Respiratory Tract Neoplasms
Thoracic Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Lung Diseases
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Carcinoma, Bronchogenic
Bronchial Neoplasms processed this record on December 05, 2016