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Sorafenib Tosylate and Gemcitabine Hydrochloride in Treating Patients With Recurrent Epithelial Ovarian Cancer

This study has been completed.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Cancer Institute (NCI) Identifier:
First received: November 9, 2004
Last updated: June 11, 2013
Last verified: May 2013
This phase II trial is studying how well giving sorafenib together with gemcitabine works in treating patients with recurrent or refractory ovarian cancer or primary peritoneal cancer. Sorafenib may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking the enzymes necessary for their growth and by stopping blood flow to the tumor. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as gemcitabine, work in different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Giving sorafenib with gemcitabine may kill more tumor cells.

Condition Intervention Phase
Recurrent Ovarian Epithelial Cancer
Recurrent Primary Peritoneal Cavity Cancer
Drug: gemcitabine hydrochloride
Drug: sorafenib tosylate
Other: laboratory biomarker analysis
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase 2 Study of BAY 43-9006 in Combination With Gemcitabine in Recurrent Epithelial Ovarian Cancer

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI):

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Objective tumor response rate (complete plus partial response as defined by the RECIST criteria) [ Time Frame: Up to 7 years ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Median survival time [ Time Frame: Up to 7 years ]
    Estimated using the Kaplan Meier method.

  • Survival rate [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
    Estimated using the Kaplan Meier method.

  • Objective tumor stable disease rate, graded according to RECIST criteria [ Time Frame: Up to 7 years ]
    Ninety-five percent confidence intervals will be provided.

  • Response duration [ Time Frame: Up to 7 years ]
    Ninety-five percent confidence intervals will be provided.

  • Toxicity, graded using the CTCAE [ Time Frame: Up to 7 years ]
  • Time to disease [ Time Frame: Up to 7 years ]

Enrollment: 33
Study Start Date: September 2004
Primary Completion Date: February 2007 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Treatment (sorafenib tosylate, gemcitabine hydrochloride)

Course 1 (56 days): Patients receive oral sorafenib twice daily on days 1-56 and gemcitabine IV over 30 minutes on days 1, 8, 15, 22, 29, 36, and 43.

Course 2 and all subsequent courses (28 days): Patients receive oral sorafenib twice daily on days 1-28 and gemcitabine IV over 30 minutes on days 1, 8, and 15. Courses repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

Drug: gemcitabine hydrochloride
Given IV
Other Names:
  • dFdC
  • difluorodeoxycytidine hydrochloride
  • gemcitabine
  • Gemzar
Drug: sorafenib tosylate
Given orally
Other Names:
  • BAY 43-9006
  • BAY 43-9006 Tosylate Salt
  • BAY 54-9085
  • Nexavar
  • SFN
Other: laboratory biomarker analysis
Correlative studies

Detailed Description:

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES I. Objective tumour response rate (complete plus partial response as defined by the RECIST criteria) in women with recurrent or refractory advanced ovarian or primary peritoneal cancer.


I. Median survival time. II. 6-month survival rate. III. Objective tumour stable disease rate. IV. Response duration. V. Toxicity. VI. Time to disease progression.

OUTLINE: This is a multicenter study.

Course 1 (56 days): Patients receive oral sorafenib twice daily on days 1-56 and gemcitabine IV over 30 minutes on days 1, 8, 15, 22, 29, 36, and 43.

Course 2 and all subsequent courses (28 days): Patients receive oral sorafenib twice daily on days 1-28 and gemcitabine IV over 30 minutes on days 1, 8, and 15. Courses repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

Patients with a complete or partial response receive at least 2 additional courses beyond documented response. Patients with stable or responding disease who have received at least 6 courses may discontinue gemcitabine and continue sorafenib alone until disease progression.


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients must have histologically or cytologically confirmed epithelial ovarian cancer or primary peritoneal cancer that has recurred or is refractory to initial therapy; patients must have received platinum-based chemotherapy before entry into this protocol
  • Patients who have recurred and are platinum-sensitive (treatment free interval greater than 12 months) must have been re-treated with platinum-based chemotherapy prior to entry into this protocol
  • Patients may have received no more than three prior chemotherapy regimens (e.g. initial chemotherapy and two regimens for subsequent relapses)
  • Patients must have measurable disease, defined as at least one lesion that can be accurately measured in at least one dimension (longest diameter to be recorded) as >= 20 mm with conventional techniques or as >= 10 mm with spiral CT scan; if measurable disease is in a radiated site, there must be evidence of disease progression in that lesion post radiation
  • Life expectancy of greater than 12 weeks
  • ECOG performance status =<1 (Karnofsky >= 70%)
  • Leukocytes >= 3,000/uL
  • Absolute neutrophil count >= 1,500/uL
  • Platelets >= 100,000/uL
  • Total bilirubin within normal institutional limits
  • AST(SGOT)/ALT(SGPT) =< 2.5 X institutional upper limit of normal
  • Creatinine within normal institutional limits OR creatinine clearance >= 60 mL/min/1.73 m^2 for patients with creatinine levels above institutional normal
  • The effects of BAY 43-9006 on the developing human fetus at the recommended therapeutic dose are unknown; for this reason and because raf kinase inhibitor agents as well as other therapeutic agents used in this trial are known to be teratogenic, women of child-bearing potential and men must agree to use adequate contraception (hormonal or barrier method of birth control; abstinence) prior to study entry and for the duration of study participation; should a woman become pregnant or suspect she is pregnant while participating in this study, she should inform her treating physician immediately
  • Ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent document
  • Patients who are on warfarin anticoagulation are allowed to participate as long as they fit the following 4 criteria:

    • They are therapeutic on a stable warfarin dose
    • Their INR target range is no greater than 3
    • They are monitored with weekly INR, PT and PTT testing
    • They have no active bleeding or pathological condition that carries high risk of bleeding
  • Pregnant women are excluded from this study because BAY 43-9006 is a kinase inhibitor agent with the potential for teratogenic or abortifacient effects; because there is an unknown but potential risk for adverse events in nursing infants secondary to treatment of the mother with BAY 43-9006, breastfeeding should be discontinued if the mother is treated with BAY 43-9006

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients who have had chemotherapy, radiotherapy, hormonal or biologic therapy within 4 weeks (6 weeks for nitrosoureas or mitomycin C) prior to entering the study or those who have not recovered from adverse events due to agents administered more than 4 weeks earlier
  • Patients with borderline tumours or tumours of low malignant potential
  • Patients with current bowel obstruction
  • Patients with previous radiotherapy to > 30% of bone marrow irradiated in target volume and/or radiotherapy within 4 weeks of study treatment; palliative radiation is allowed within 4 weeks of treatment, after discussion with the Principal Investigator
  • Patients may not be receiving any other investigational agents concurrently or within 4 weeks; patients who have previous exposure to a raf-kinase inhibitor are excluded
  • Patients with known brain metastases should be excluded from this clinical trial because of their poor prognosis and because they often develop progressive neurologic dysfunction that would confound the evaluation of neurologic and other adverse events
  • History of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition to BAY 43-9006 or other agents used in the study
  • Patients may not have had prior gemcitabine chemotherapy
  • No concurrent use of itraconazole, ketoconazole, ritanovir, or grapefruit juice
  • Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, ongoing or active infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, uncontrolled hypertension, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements
  • Patients with immune deficiency are at increased risk of lethal infections when treated with marrow-suppressive therapy; therefore, HIV-positive patients receiving combination anti-retroviral therapy are excluded from the study because of possible pharmacokinetic interactions with BAY 43-9006; appropriate studies will be undertaken in patients receiving combination anti-retroviral therapy when indicated
  Contacts and Locations
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Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00096395

Canada, Ontario
Princess Margaret Hospital Phase 2 Consortium
Toronto, Ontario, Canada, M5G 2M9
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Principal Investigator: Amit Oza Princess Margaret Hospital Phase 2 Consortium
  More Information

Responsible Party: National Cancer Institute (NCI) Identifier: NCT00096395     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: NCI-2012-03057
N01CM62203 ( US NIH Grant/Contract Award Number )
Study First Received: November 9, 2004
Last Updated: June 11, 2013

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Ovarian Neoplasms
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Endocrine Gland Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Ovarian Diseases
Adnexal Diseases
Genital Diseases, Female
Genital Neoplasms, Female
Urogenital Neoplasms
Endocrine System Diseases
Gonadal Disorders
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antineoplastic Agents
Antiviral Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Enzyme Inhibitors
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Protein Kinase Inhibitors
Vitamin B Complex
Micronutrients processed this record on May 25, 2017