Gemcitabine and Radiation Therapy Compared With Gemcitabine Alone in Treating Patients Who Have Undergone Surgery for Pancreatic Cancer
RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy such as gemcitabine use different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing. Radiation therapy uses high-energy x-rays to kill tumor cells. Giving these treatments after surgery may kill any tumor cells that remain after surgery. It is not yet known whether giving gemcitabine together with radiation therapy is more effective than gemcitabine alone following surgery in treating pancreatic cancer.
PURPOSE: This randomized phase II/III trial is studying how well giving gemcitabine together with radiation therapy works and compares it to gemcitabine alone in treating patients who have undergone surgery for pancreatic cancer.
Drug: gemcitabine hydrochloride
Procedure: adjuvant therapy
Radiation: radiation therapy
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||Randomized Phase II/III Study Comparing Gemcitabine Followed by Gemcitabine Plus Concomitant Radiation (50.4 Gy) Versus Control After Curative Pancreaticoduodenectomy for Pancreatic Head Cancer|
- Feasibility of full completion of treatment as measured by the number of patients completing treatment 1 month after treatment in phase II
- Tolerability in terms of acute toxicity as measured by NCI-CTC v2.0 1 month after completion of treatment in phase II
- Tolerability in terms of late toxicity as measured by EORTC and RTOG 1 month after completion of treatment in phase II
- Overall survival as measured by Logrank every 3 months in years 1-2, and every 6 months thereafter in phase III
- Disease-free survival as measured by Logrank every 3 months in years 1-2, and every 6 months thereafter
- Acute toxicity as measured by NCI-CTC v2.0 every 3 months in years 1-2, and every 6 months thereafter
- Late toxicity as measured by EORTC and RTOG every 3 months in years1-2, and every 6 months thereafter
- Quality of life as measured by Quality of Life Questionnaire Core 30 (QLQ-C30) v3.0 and EORTC QLQ PAN-26 every 3 months in years 1-2 and every 6 months thereafter
|Study Start Date:||May 2003|
|Primary Completion Date:||January 2007 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
- Determine the feasibility of gemcitabine followed by chemoradiotherapy with gemcitabine vs gemcitabine alone after prior curative resection in patients with pancreatic head adenocarcinoma.
- Compare the tolerability of these regimens, in terms of acute and late toxicity, in these patients.
- Compare the disease-free and overall survival of patients treated with these regimens .
- Compare the quality of life of patients treated with these regimens.
- Compare the toxicity of these regimens in these patients.
- Determine the sites of recurrence in patients treated with these regimens.
OUTLINE: This is a randomized, multicenter study. Patients are stratified according to ECOG/WHO performance status (0-1 vs 2), participating center, and N stage (N0 vs N1 vs NX). Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 treatment arms.
- Arm I: Within 8 weeks after prior surgical resection, patients receive gemcitabine IV over 30 minutes on days 1, 8, and 15. Treatment repeats every 4 weeks for 2 courses.
Patients then receive additional gemcitabine IV over 30 minutes on days 57, 64, 71, 78, 85, and 92. Beginning on day 57, patients also undergo radiotherapy once daily, 5 days a week, for 6 weeks. Treatment continues in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
- Arm II: Patients receive gemcitabine IV over 30 minutes on days 1, 8, and 15. Treatment repeats every 4 weeks for 4 courses.
Quality of life (QOL) is assessed in both arms, according to the following schedules:
- Arm I: QOL is assessed at baseline; at 3 weeks after the beginning of chemoradiotherapy; after the completion of chemoradiotherapy; every 3 months for 2 years; and then every 6 months for 1 year.
- Arm II: QOL is assessed at baseline; at 12 weeks; at 16 weeks; every 3 months for 2 years; and then every 6 months for 1 year.
Patients are followed every 3 months for 2 years and then every 6 months thereafter.
PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 538 patients (269 per treatment arm) will be accrued for this study within 3 years.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00064207
Show 59 Study Locations
|Study Chair:||Jean-Luc Van Laethem, MD, PhD||Erasme University Hospital|
|Study Chair:||Volker G. Budach, MD, PhD||Charite University, Berlin, Germany|
|Study Chair:||Pascal Hammel, MD, PhD||Hopital Beaujon|