Chemotherapy and Radiation Therapy With or Without Surgery in Treating Patients With Stage I Cancer of the Cervix

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00054067
Recruitment Status : Terminated
First Posted : February 6, 2003
Last Update Posted : April 11, 2013
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by:
Gynecologic Oncology Group

Brief Summary:

RATIONALE: Radiation therapy uses high-energy x-rays to damage tumor cells. Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. It is not yet known which regimen of radiation therapy combined with chemotherapy, with or without surgery, is more effective in treating early cancer of the cervix.

PURPOSE: Randomized phase III trial to compare the effectiveness of surgery followed by different regimens of radiation therapy and chemotherapy with that of chemotherapy and radiation therapy alone in treating patients who have stage I cancer of the cervix.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Cervical Cancer Drug: cisplatin Procedure: adjuvant therapy Procedure: conventional surgery Radiation: brachytherapy Radiation: radiation therapy Phase 3

Detailed Description:


  • Compare progression-free survival and survival of patients with stage IB2 carcinoma of the cervix after radical hysterectomy with tailored chemoradiotherapy vs primary chemoradiotherapy.
  • Compare the toxicity of these regimens in these patients.
  • Compare the health-related quality of life of patients treated with these regimens.

OUTLINE: This is a randomized, multicenter study. Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 treatment arms.

  • Arm I: (Surgery followed by chemoradiotherapy): Patients undergo exploratory laparotomy followed by radical hysterectomy and bilateral pelvic and para-aortic lymphadenectomy. Depending on the findings at surgery, the radical hysterectomy and lymphadenectomy are either completed or aborted.

    • Aborted hysterectomy: Patients with aborted hysterectomy are assigned to 1 of 3 groups, depending on the findings at surgery.

      • Group 1: Within 4 weeks of surgery, patients undergo pelvic radiotherapy 5 times weekly for 4-6 weeks and intracavitary irradiation during or after external radiotherapy. Patients also receive concurrent cisplatin IV over 1 hour once weekly for a total of 5-6 doses.
      • Group 2: Patients receive radiotherapy and cisplatin as in group 1 with additional extended field radiotherapy.
      • Group 3: Patients receive further treatment at the discretion of the investigator.
    • Completed hysterectomy: Patients completing the radical hysterectomy are assigned to 1 of 3 groups, depending on the findings at surgery.

      • Group A: Patients receive treatment as in group 1 above without intracavity irradiation.
      • Group B: Patients receive treatment as in group 2 above without intracavity irradiation.
      • Group C: Patients receive no further treatment.
  • Arm II (Primary chemoradiotherapy): Patients undergo pelvic radiotherapy 5 times weekly for 4-6 weeks and intracavity irradiation during or after external radiotherapy. Patients also receive concurrent cisplatin IV over 1 hour once weekly for a total of 6 doses.

Quality of life is assessed at baseline, during week 5 of therapy, and then at 3, 6, and 12 months.

Patients are followed every 3 months for 2 years, every 6 months for 3 years, and then annually thereafter.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 740 patients (370 per treatment arm) will be accrued for this study within 7.5 years.

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Allocation: Randomized
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Treatment of Patients With Stage IB2 Carcinoma of the Cervix: A Randomized Comparison of Radical Hysterectomy and Tailored Chemo-Radiation Versus Primary Chemo-Radiation
Study Start Date : February 2003
Actual Primary Completion Date : April 2005

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No


  • Histologically confirmed stage IB2 invasive carcinoma of the uterine cervix of one of the following types:

    • Squamous cell carcinoma
    • Adenocarcinoma
    • Adenosquamous carcinoma
  • Primary, previously untreated disease
  • Exophytic cervical lesions greater than 4 cm in diameter OR
  • Cervical expansion to greater than 4 cm in diameter, presumed to be the result of principal involvement with cancer
  • No evidence of extrauterine disease other than pelvic lymph node involvement (by clinical and radiographic examinations)
  • No para-aortic lymph nodal disease (suspected on CT scan, MRI, positron-emission tomography, or lymphangiogram) unless nodes are confirmed to be pathologically negative (by CT-guided biopsy or extraperitoneal lymph node dissection)
  • Eligible for radical hysterectomy and lymph node dissection



  • 18 and over

Performance status

  • GOG 0-2

Life expectancy

  • Not specified


  • Absolute neutrophil count at least 1,500/mm^3
  • Platelet count at least 100,000/mm^3


  • Bilirubin no greater than 1.5 times normal
  • SGOT no greater than 3 times normal
  • Alkaline phosphatase no greater than 3 times normal


  • Creatinine no greater than 2.0 mg/dL
  • No renal abnormalities requiring modification of radiation fields


  • No gastrointestinal bleeding
  • No intestinal obstruction


  • Not pregnant
  • Negative pregnancy test
  • No septicemia or severe infection
  • No other invasive malignancy with any evidence of disease within the past 5 years except nonmelanoma skin cancer
  • No circumstances that would preclude study completion or required follow-up


Biologic therapy

  • Not specified


  • No prior chemotherapy

Endocrine therapy

  • Not specified


  • No prior radiotherapy


  • See Disease Characteristics
  • No prior hysterectomy (total or subtotal)

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00054067

  Hide Study Locations
United States, Alabama
University of Alabama at Birmingham Comprehensive Cancer Center
Birmingham, Alabama, United States, 35294-3300
United States, Arizona
CCOP - Western Regional, Arizona
Phoenix, Arizona, United States, 85006-2726
United States, California
Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer Center, UCLA
Los Angeles, California, United States, 90095-1740
Women's Cancer Center at Community Hospital of Los Gatos
Los Gatos, California, United States, 95032
Chao Family Comprehensive Cancer Center at University of California Irvine Cancer Center
Orange, California, United States, 92868
United States, Connecticut
Yale Comprehensive Cancer Center
New Haven, Connecticut, United States, 06520-8028
United States, Delaware
CCOP - Christiana Care Health Services
Newark, Delaware, United States, 19713
United States, District of Columbia
Walter Reed Army Medical Center
Washington, District of Columbia, United States, 20307-5001
United States, Illinois
Rush-Presbyterian-St. Luke's Medical Center
Chicago, Illinois, United States, 60612-3824
MBCCOP - University of Illinois at Chicago
Chicago, Illinois, United States, 60612
University of Chicago Cancer Research Center
Chicago, Illinois, United States, 60637-1470
CCOP - Central Illinois
Decatur, Illinois, United States, 62794-9640
CCOP - Evanston
Evanston, Illinois, United States, 60201
CCOP - Carle Cancer Center
Urbana, Illinois, United States, 61801
United States, Indiana
Indiana University Cancer Center
Indianapolis, Indiana, United States, 46202-5289
Saint Joseph Regional Medical Center
South Bend, Indiana, United States, 46617
United States, Iowa
Holden Comprehensive Cancer Center at University of Iowa
Iowa City, Iowa, United States, 52242-1002
United States, Maryland
Warren Grant Magnuson Clinical Center - NCI Clinical Studies Support
Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892-1182
United States, Michigan
CCOP - Michigan Cancer Research Consortium
Ann Arbor, Michigan, United States, 48106
CCOP - Grand Rapids
Grand Rapids, Michigan, United States, 49503
CCOP - Kalamazoo
Kalamazoo, Michigan, United States, 49007-3731
United States, Minnesota
CCOP - Metro-Minnesota
Saint Louis Park, Minnesota, United States, 55416
United States, Mississippi
University of Mississippi Medical Center
Jackson, Mississippi, United States, 39216-4505
United States, Missouri
Ellis Fischel Cancer Center at University of Missouri - Columbia
Columbia, Missouri, United States, 65203
CCOP - Kansas City
Kansas City, Missouri, United States, 64131
CCOP - Cancer Research for the Ozarks
Springfield, Missouri, United States, 65807
United States, Nebraska
CCOP - Missouri Valley Cancer Consortium
Omaha, Nebraska, United States, 68106
United States, New Jersey
Cooper University Hospital
Camden, New Jersey, United States, 08103-1489
United States, New York
Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center
New York, New York, United States, 10021
Long Island Cancer Center at Stony Brook University Hospital
Stony Brook, New York, United States, 11790-7775
United States, North Carolina
Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center at University of North Carolina - Chapel Hill
Chapel Hill, North Carolina, United States, 27599-7295
Duke Comprehensive Cancer Center
Durham, North Carolina, United States, 27710
United States, Ohio
Charles M. Barrett Cancer Center at University Hospital
Cincinnati, Ohio, United States, 45267-0526
Ireland Cancer Center
Cleveland, Ohio, United States, 44106
Arthur G. James Cancer Hospital - Ohio State University
Columbus, Ohio, United States, 43210-1240
United States, Oregon
CCOP - Columbia River Oncology Program
Portland, Oregon, United States, 97225
United States, Pennsylvania
Abington Memorial Hospital
Abington, Pennsylvania, United States, 19001-3788
CCOP - Geisinger Clinic and Medical Center
Danville, Pennsylvania, United States, 17822-2001
Penn State Cancer Institute at Milton S. Hershey Medical Center
Hershey, Pennsylvania, United States, 17033-0850
Abramson Cancer Center at University of Pennsylvania Medical Center
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States, 19104-4283
Kimmel Cancer Center at Thomas Jefferson University - Philadelphia
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States, 19107
Magee-Womens Hospital
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States, 15213-3180
United States, Tennessee
Southeast Gynecologic Oncology Associates
Knoxville, Tennessee, United States, 37917
Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center at Vanderbilt Medical Center
Nashville, Tennessee, United States, 37232-2516
United States, Texas
University of Texas Medical Branch
Galveston, Texas, United States, 77555-0587
University of Texas - MD Anderson Cancer Center
Houston, Texas, United States, 77030-4009
CCOP - Scott and White Hospital
Temple, Texas, United States, 76508
United States, Vermont
Fletcher Allen Health Care - Medical Center Campus
Burlington, Vermont, United States, 05401
United States, Wisconsin
University of Wisconsin Comprehensive Cancer Center
Madison, Wisconsin, United States, 53792-6188
Kagoshima City Hospital
Kagoshima City, Japan, 892-8580
Sponsors and Collaborators
Gynecologic Oncology Group
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Study Chair: D. Scott McMeekin, MD Oklahoma University Cancer Institute Identifier: NCT00054067     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CDR0000269821
First Posted: February 6, 2003    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: April 11, 2013
Last Verified: April 2013

Keywords provided by Gynecologic Oncology Group:
cervical adenocarcinoma
cervical adenosquamous cell carcinoma
cervical squamous cell carcinoma
stage IB cervical cancer

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Uterine Cervical Neoplasms
Uterine Neoplasms
Genital Neoplasms, Female
Urogenital Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Uterine Cervical Diseases
Uterine Diseases
Genital Diseases, Female