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Trial record 3 of 4 for:    idarubicin | Myeloma

Combination Chemotherapy in Treating Patients With Stage II or Stage III Multiple Myeloma

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00006232
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : January 27, 2003
Last Update Posted : May 15, 2013
Information provided by:
National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Brief Summary:

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. It is not yet known which combination chemotherapy regimen is more effective for multiple myeloma.

PURPOSE: This randomized phase III trial is comparing two combination chemotherapy regimens to see how well they work in treating patients with stage II or stage III multiple myeloma.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Multiple Myeloma and Plasma Cell Neoplasm Drug: dexamethasone Drug: doxorubicin hydrochloride Drug: idarubicin Drug: vincristine sulfate Phase 3

Detailed Description:


  • Compare the partial and complete response rates in patients with multiple myeloma treated with induction therapy comprising idarubicin and dexamethasone vs vincristine, doxorubicin, and dexamethasone.
  • Compare the disease progression, time to achieve maximal response, and duration of response in patients treated with these 2 regimens.
  • Compare the quality of life of patients treated with these 2 regimens.

OUTLINE: This is a randomized, multicenter study. Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 treatment arms.

  • Arm I: Patients receive oral idarubicin and oral dexamethasone daily on days 1-4. Treatment continues every 3 weeks for 4 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients also receive oral dexamethasone daily on days 8-11 during course 1 only.
  • Arm II: Patients receive oral dexamethasone daily, doxorubicin IV continuously, and vincristine IV continuously on days 1-4. Courses repeat as in arm I. Patients receive additional dexamethasone as in arm I.

Patients without a maximal response after completion of course 4 may receive up to 2 additional courses.

Quality of life is assessed at baseline and then prior to each study course.

Patients are followed for survival.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 200 patients (100 per arm) will be accrued for this study within 2 years.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 200 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Randomized Trial Comparing Z-Dex With VAD as Induction Therapy for Patients With Multiple Myeloma
Study Start Date : October 1996
Actual Study Completion Date : August 2007

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Multiple Myeloma

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Comparison of response rates

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Time to achieve a maximal response
  2. Duration of response

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   up to 75 Years   (Child, Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No


  • Diagnosis of stage II or III multiple myeloma

    • No prior therapy except local radiotherapy to bone lesions
  • No indolent multiple myeloma
  • No monoclonal gammopathy of unknown significance



  • 75 and under

Performance status:

  • Not specified

Life expectancy:

  • Not specified


  • Not specified


  • Bilirubin no greater than 2.34 mg/dL


  • No end stage renal failure (creatinine greater than 5.65 mg/dL after rehydration)
  • No requirement for dialysis


  • No other medical condition that would preclude intensive treatment
  • Not pregnant or nursing
  • Fertile patients must use effective contraception
  • No other prior malignancy


Biologic therapy

  • See Disease Characteristics


  • See Disease Characteristics

Endocrine therapy

  • See Disease Characteristics


  • Concurrent local radiotherapy allowed for painful lesions or lesions that appear likely to lead to an imminent fracture


  • See Disease Characteristics

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00006232

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United Kingdom
Birmingham Heartlands Hospital
Birmingham, England, United Kingdom, B9 5SS
Addenbrooke's Hospital at Cambridge University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust
Cambridge, England, United Kingdom, CB2 2QQ
Royal Liverpool and Broadgreen Hospitals NHS Trust
Liverpool, England, United Kingdom, L7 8XP
New Cross Hospital
Wolverhampton, England, United Kingdom, WV10 0QP
Centre for Cancer Research and Cell Biology at Belfast City Hospital
Belfast, Northern Ireland, United Kingdom, BT9 7AB
Aberdeen Royal Infirmary
Aberdeen, Scotland, United Kingdom, AB25 2ZN
Vale Of Leven D G Hospital
Alexandria, Scotland, United Kingdom, G83 0UA
Dumfries Royal Infirmary
Dumfries, Scotland, United Kingdom, DG1 4AP
Ninewells Hospital and Medical School
Dundee, Scotland, United Kingdom, DD1 9SY
West of Scotland Cancer Centre
Glasgow, Scotland, United Kingdom, G11 6NT
Royal Infirmary - Castle
Glasgow, Scotland, United Kingdom, G4 0SF
Royal Alexandra Hospital
Paisley, Scotland, United Kingdom
Sponsors and Collaborators
West of Scotland Lymphoma Group
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Study Chair: Gordon Cook, MD, PhD Leeds Cancer Centre at St. James's University Hospital
Layout table for additonal information Identifier: NCT00006232    
Other Study ID Numbers: WSLG-H31
CDR0000068156 ( Registry Identifier: PDQ (Physician Data Query) )
First Posted: January 27, 2003    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: May 15, 2013
Last Verified: March 2007
Keywords provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI):
stage II multiple myeloma
stage III multiple myeloma
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Multiple Myeloma
Neoplasms, Plasma Cell
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Hemostatic Disorders
Vascular Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Blood Protein Disorders
Hematologic Diseases
Hemorrhagic Disorders
Lymphoproliferative Disorders
Immunoproliferative Disorders
Immune System Diseases
Liposomal doxorubicin
Anti-Inflammatory Agents
Autonomic Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Gastrointestinal Agents
Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists
Antineoplastic Agents, Hormonal