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HIV Diversity and Pathogenesis in Donor-Recipient Clusters

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00005360
First Posted: May 26, 2000
Last Update Posted: March 16, 2016
The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
Information provided by:
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
  Purpose
To assess, in donor-recipient clusters, current models of HIV-1 genetic evolution and pathogenesis, based on the sequence diversity displayed by this lentivirus.

Condition
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome Blood Transfusion Blood Donors HIV Infections

Study Type: Observational

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI):

Study Start Date: August 1992
Study Completion Date: July 1997
Detailed Description:

DESIGN NARRATIVE:

Based on anti-HIV-1 screening of a repository of 200,000 blood donor sera collected in late 1984, the Transfusion Safety Study identified and enrolled into ongoing followup 133 seropositive donors and 111 HIV-1-infected transfusion recipients. Included among these were 38 'transmission clusters' composed of a donor and from one to six linked, infected recipient(s), and, in four cases, infected recipients' sexual partners. Frozen cells and sera collected at six-month intervals over a six-year period from members of these clusters were available for study. Specimens were accessed such that sub-repositories of cellular DNA, PCR-amplified HIV-1 sequences, and viral isolates were generated for future investigations of these unique clusters. The studies included analysis of sequence diversity in envelope (env) V3, V4, and V5 hypervariable regions both within each infected individual over time, and between different members of each cluster and different clusters. Sequence diversity profiles from PBMC and serum were analyzed separately to discern differences in these different blood components at each sampling and over time. The pattern of turnover of specific sequence variants over time (evolution of viral genotypes) was correlated with clinical and immunological progression.

The study completion date listed in this record was obtained from the "End Date" entered in the Protocol Registration and Results System (PRS) record.

  Eligibility

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   up to 100 Years   (Child, Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Male
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria
No eligibility criteria
  Contacts and Locations
No Contacts or Locations Provided
  More Information

Publications:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00005360     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 4247
R01HL048367 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Submitted: May 25, 2000
First Posted: May 26, 2000
Last Update Posted: March 16, 2016
Last Verified: December 2001

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
HIV Infections
Immunologic Deficiency Syndromes
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
Lentivirus Infections
Retroviridae Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Virus Diseases
Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Viral
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Immune System Diseases
Slow Virus Diseases