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Irinotecan in Treating Children With Refractory Solid Tumors

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00004078
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : January 28, 2003
Last Update Posted : June 14, 2013
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Children's Oncology Group

Brief Summary:
This phase II trial is studying irinotecan to see how well it works in treating children with refractory solid tumors. Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Childhood Central Nervous System Germ Cell Tumor Childhood Choroid Plexus Tumor Childhood Craniopharyngioma Childhood Grade I Meningioma Childhood Grade II Meningioma Childhood Grade III Meningioma Childhood Infratentorial Ependymoma Childhood Oligodendroglioma Childhood Supratentorial Ependymoma Previously Treated Childhood Rhabdomyosarcoma Recurrent Childhood Cerebellar Astrocytoma Recurrent Childhood Cerebral Astrocytoma Recurrent Childhood Ependymoma Recurrent Childhood Medulloblastoma Recurrent Childhood Rhabdomyosarcoma Recurrent Childhood Visual Pathway and Hypothalamic Glioma Recurrent Childhood Visual Pathway Glioma Recurrent Ewing Sarcoma/Peripheral Primitive Neuroectodermal Tumor Recurrent Neuroblastoma Recurrent Osteosarcoma Unspecified Childhood Solid Tumor, Protocol Specific Drug: irinotecan hydrochloride Phase 2

Detailed Description:


I. Determine the efficacy of irinotecan in children with refractory CNS or solid tumors.

II. Assess the toxicity, pharmacokinetics, and pharmacodynamics of this regimen in this patient population.

III. Determine patient UGT1A1 genotype and correlate genotype with toxicity and pharmacokinetic parameters of this regimen in these patients.

OUTLINE: Patients are stratified according to type of solid tumor (Ewings/PNET vs neuroblastoma vs osteosarcoma vs rhabdomyosarcoma vs other solid tumors excluding lymphomas and brain tumors) or brain tumor (medulloblastoma/PNET vs brain stem glioma vs ependymoma vs other CNS tumors).

Patients receive irinotecan IV over 60 minutes on days 1-5. Treatment repeats every 3 weeks for at least 2 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients are followed every 6 months for 4 years and then annually thereafter until death or until patient enters another POG study.

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 181 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase II Trial of Irinotecan in Children With Refractory Solid Tumors
Study Start Date : October 1999
Primary Completion Date : October 2007

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Treatment (irinotecan hydrochloride)
Patients receive irinotecan IV over 60 minutes on days 1-5. Treatment repeats every 3 weeks for at least 2 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients are followed every 6 months for 4 years and then annually thereafter until death or until patient enters another POG study.
Drug: irinotecan hydrochloride
Given IV
Other Names:
  • Campto
  • Camptosar
  • CPT-11
  • irinotecan
  • U-101440E

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Objective response (PR or CR), recorded according to standard solid tumor response criteria [ Time Frame: Up to 8 years ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Toxicity, graded using the NCI CTCAE version 2.0 [ Time Frame: Up to 8 years ]
  2. Pharmacokinetics of irinotecan hydrochloride [ Time Frame: Day 1 of course 1 ]

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   1 Year to 21 Years   (Child, Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Histologically or cytologically confirmed CNS or solid tumors recurrent or refractory to standard therapy

    • Solid tumors:

      • Neuroblastoma
      • Ewing's Sarcoma/peripheral primitive neuroectodermal tumor (PNET)
      • Osteosarcoma
      • Rhabdomyosarcoma
      • Other extracranial solid tumors
    • CNS tumors:

      • Medulloblastoma/PNET
      • Ependymoma
      • Brain stem glioma
      • Other CNS tumor
      • Intrinsic brain stem tumor (biopsy required only if previously treated with radiosurgery)
      • Classic optic glioma (histologic requirement waived)
  • Measurable disease by imaging studies

    • No lesions assessable only by radionuclide scan
  • Previously irradiated lesions used to evaluate tumor response must show evidence of an interim increase in size
  • Performance status - Karnofsky 50-100% if more than 10 years old
  • Performance status - Lansky 50-100% if 10 years or younger
  • At least 8 weeks
  • Absolute neutrophil count greater than 1,000/mm^3
  • Platelet count greater than 100,000/mm^3
  • Hemoglobin greater than 8 mg/dL
  • Inadequate peripheral blood counts due to bone marrow infiltration allowed
  • Bilirubin no greater than 1.5 mg/dL
  • SGPT less than 5 times normal
  • Creatinine normal
  • Glomerular filtration rate at least 70 mL/min
  • No severe uncontrolled infection
  • Not pregnant or nursing
  • Negative pregnancy test
  • Fertile patients must use effective contraception during and for 6 months after study
  • At least 3 weeks since prior immunotherapy and recovered
  • No concurrent biologic therapy
  • At least 3 weeks since prior chemotherapy (8 weeks since prior nitrosoureas) and recovered
  • No more than 2 prior chemotherapy regimens
  • No other concurrent chemotherapy
  • Prior topotecan allowed
  • No prior irinotecan
  • Concurrent dexamethasone for brain tumor patients allowed if on a stable or decreasing dose for at least 2 weeks prior to study
  • At least 3 weeks since prior endocrine therapy
  • No other concurrent endocrine therapy
  • See Disease Characteristics
  • At least 8 weeks since prior extended radiotherapy (including evaluable lesions) and recovered
  • No prior total body radiotherapy
  • No concurrent radiotherapy
  • See Disease Characteristics
  • At least 3 weeks since prior investigational agents
  • No other concurrent investigational agents
  • No concurrent anticonvulsants
  • No concurrent medications that would interfere with the P-450 enzyme system function (e.g., erythromycin, cimetidine, fluconazole)

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00004078

United States, California
Children's Oncology Group
Arcadia, California, United States, 91006-3776
Sponsors and Collaborators
Children's Oncology Group
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Principal Investigator: Lisa Bomgaars Children's Oncology Group

Responsible Party: Children's Oncology Group
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00004078     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: P9761
NCI-2012-02310 ( Registry Identifier: CTRP (Clinical Trial Reporting Program) )
CDR0000067288 ( Other Identifier: Clinical Trials.gov )
POG-9761 ( Other Identifier: Pediatric Oncology Group )
CCG-P9761 ( Other Identifier: Children's Cancer Group )
COG-P9761 ( Other Identifier: Children's Oncology Group )
U10CA098543 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: January 28, 2003    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: June 14, 2013
Last Verified: June 2013

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal
Sarcoma, Ewing
Neuroectodermal Tumors
Neuroectodermal Tumors, Primitive
Rhabdomyosarcoma, Embryonal
Neuroectodermal Tumors, Primitive, Peripheral
Choroid Plexus Neoplasms
Optic Nerve Glioma
Neoplasms, Neuroepithelial
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms, Nerve Tissue
Neoplasms, Bone Tissue
Neoplasms, Connective Tissue
Neoplasms, Connective and Soft Tissue
Neoplasms, Muscle Tissue