SWOG-9400 Combination Chemotherapy With or Without Bone Marrow Transplantation in Treating Patients With Previously Untreated Acute Lymphocytic Leukemia

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00002665
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : July 29, 2004
Last Update Posted : March 6, 2015
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Southwest Oncology Group

Brief Summary:

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop cancer cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Combining chemotherapy with bone marrow transplantation may allow the doctor to give higher doses of chemotherapy drugs and kill more cancer cells.

PURPOSE: Phase II trial to study the effectiveness of combination chemotherapy with or without bone marrow transplantation in treating patients who have acute lymphocytic leukemia.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Leukemia Neutropenia Thrombocytopenia Drug: asparaginase Drug: cyclophosphamide Drug: cytarabine Drug: daunorubicin hydrochloride Drug: dexamethasone Drug: doxorubicin hydrochloride Drug: etoposide Drug: leucovorin calcium Drug: mercaptopurine Drug: methotrexate Drug: prednisone Drug: thioguanine Drug: vincristine sulfate Procedure: allogeneic bone marrow transplantation Radiation: radiation therapy Phase 2

Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVES: I. Evaluate if front line induction therapy with daunorubicin, vincristine, prednisone, and asparaginase is sufficiently effective to warrant a phase III trial in patients with acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL). II. Assess the toxicity of this regimen in this patient population. III. Assess disease free and overall survival and toxicity associated with allogeneic bone marrow transplantation for ALL patients in first remission following induction and consolidation therapy. IV. Assess disease free and overall survival and toxicity associated with sequential regimens of mercaptopurine, methotrexate and vincristine, doxorubicin, dexamethasone, and cyclophosphamide, thioguanine, and cytarabine in ALL patients in first remission who are ineligible for allogeneic bone marrow transplantation. V. Evaluate the prognostic significance of cell surface immunophenotype, Philadelphia chromosome, and polymerase chain reaction detected BCR/abl fusion in this patient population.

OUTLINE: Patients are stratified according to age (15 to 29 vs 30 to 49 vs 50 to 65), performance status (0-1 vs 2-3), participating center, and candidate for allogeneic bone marrow transplantation (yes vs no). Patients receive induction chemotherapy consisting of daunorubicin IV on days 1-3, vincristine IV on days 1, 8, 15, and 22, oral prednisone on days 1-28, and asparaginase IV or intramuscularly (IM) on days 15-24. Patients with persistent leukemia on day 21, receive additional induction therapy consisting of daunorubicin IV on days 22 and 23, vincristine IV on days 29 and 36, and oral prednisone continuing to day 42. Patients with CNS leukemia receive additional therapy beginning on day 1 of induction chemotherapy consisting of methotrexate intrathecally (IT) or intraventricularly twice weekly until blasts are absent in spinal fluid. Patients receive oral leucovorin calcium every 6 hours for a total of 4 doses following each IT dose in the absence of blood count recovery. Following absence of spinal fluid blasts, patients receive methotrexate IT or intraventricularly weekly for 4 weeks then monthly for 1 year. Patients also receive cranial radiotherapy during consolidation therapy 5 days a week for 2.5 weeks. Patients with A1 bone marrow receive consolidation therapy following completion of induction therapy and blood count recovery. Patients receive consolidation therapy consisting of cyclophosphamide IV on days 1, 15, and 29, cytarabine IV on days 2-5, 9-12, 16-19, and 23-26, oral mercaptopurine on days 1-28, and methotrexate IT on days 2, 9, 16, and 23. Following completion of consolidation therapy, patients eligible for allogeneic bone marrow transplantation receive total body radiotherapy 3 times a day on days -7, -6, -5, and twice on day -4, and eptoposide IV over 4 hours on day -3. Patients undergo allogeneic bone marrow transplantation on day 0. Following completion of consolidation therapy, patients ineligible for allogeneic bone marrow transplantation receive maintenance therapy consisting of oral mercaptopurine on days 1-63, and oral methotrexate on days 1, 8, 15, 22, 29, 36, 43, 50, and 57. Patients receive subsequent courses of maintenance therapy when blood counts recover. Patients receive a second course of maintenance therapy consisting of vincristine IV on days 1, 8, 15, and 22, doxorubicin IV on days 1, 8, 15, and 22, and oral dexamethasone on days 1-28. Patients receive a third course consisting of cyclophosphamide IV on day 1, oral thioguanine on days 1-14, and cytarabine IV on days 3-6 and 10-13. Patients receive a fourth course consisting of oral mercaptopurine and oral methotrexate daily for 2 years. Patients are followed monthly for 6 months and then every 2 months thereafter.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 25-50 patients will be accrued for this study.

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 50 participants
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Study Start Date : July 1995
Actual Primary Completion Date : December 2001
Actual Study Completion Date : December 2003

Intervention Details:
  • Drug: asparaginase
    10,000 units/d IV or IM 15 - 24
  • Drug: cyclophosphamide
    con: 650 mg/m2 IV 1, 15, 29 maint: 650 mg/m2 IV 1
  • Drug: cytarabine
    cons: 75 mg/m2/d IV Push 2 - 5, 9 - 12, 6 - 19, 23 - 26
  • Drug: daunorubicin hydrochloride
    ind: 60 mg/m2 IV 22 and 23
  • Drug: dexamethasone
    main: 10 mg/m2/day PO 1 - 28
  • Drug: doxorubicin hydrochloride
    main: 25 mg/m2 IV 1, 8, 15, and 22
  • Drug: etoposide
    60 mg/kg based on ideal body weight day -3
  • Drug: leucovorin calcium
    5 mg q 6 hours for 4 doses, PO 1, 3, 8, 11 after each methotrexate if WBC < 3,000 /μl
  • Drug: mercaptopurine
    con: 60 mg/m2 PO 1 - 28
  • Drug: methotrexate
    10 mg/m2 IT or IV, d 2, 9, 16, and 23; Maximum 15 mg/admin
  • Drug: prednisone

    ind: 60 mg/m2/d PO 1 - 21*, 22 - 28 Patients will receive full dose through day 8 and then tapered to zero between Day 29 and 42.

    ind2: 60 mg/m2/d PO through day 42

  • Drug: thioguanine
    main: 60 mg/m2/day PO 1 - 14
  • Drug: vincristine sulfate
    ind: 1.4 mg/m2 2 mg max, IV 1, 8, 15, and 22 ind2: 1.4 mg/m2 2 mg max IV 29 and 36 main: 1.5 mg/m2 2 mg max, IV 1, 8, 15, and 22
  • Procedure: allogeneic bone marrow transplantation
    day 0
  • Radiation: radiation therapy
    day -7 through day -4 total dose of radiation is 1,320 cGy.

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. response

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   15 Years to 65 Years   (Child, Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS: Histologically confirmed acute lymphocytic leukemia FAB class L1-L2 Mixed immunophenotypic markers with no cytochemical myeloid markers allowed No non-Hodgkin's lymphoma No chronic myelogenous leukemia in blast crisis Concurrent registration on the cytogenetics protocol SWOG-9007 required

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS: Age: 15 to 65 Performance status: SWOG 0-3 Hematopoietic: Not specified Hepatic: Bilirubin no greater than 2 times normal (unless elevation due to leukemia) AST no greater than 3 times normal (unless elevation due to leukemia) No chronic liver disease Renal: Creatinine no greater than 2 times normal Cardiovascular: Left ventricular ejection fraction at least 50% by MUGA or echocardiogram No symptomatic congestive heart failure No symptomatic coronary artery disease No cardiomyopathy No uncontrolled arrhythmia Other: Not pregnant or nursing Fertile patients must use effective contraception

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY: No prior remission induction chemotherapy for acute lymphocytic leukemia

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00002665

  Hide Study Locations
United States, Alabama
MBCCOP - University of South Alabama
Mobile, Alabama, United States, 36688
United States, Arizona
CCOP - Greater Phoenix
Phoenix, Arizona, United States, 85006-2726
Veterans Affairs Medical Center - Phoenix (Hayden)
Phoenix, Arizona, United States, 85012
Veterans Affairs Medical Center - Tucson
Tucson, Arizona, United States, 85723
Arizona Cancer Center
Tucson, Arizona, United States, 85724
United States, Arkansas
University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences
Little Rock, Arkansas, United States, 72205
Veterans Affairs Medical Center - Little Rock (McClellan)
Little Rock, Arkansas, United States, 72205
United States, California
Beckman Research Institute, City of Hope
Duarte, California, United States, 91010
Veterans Affairs Medical Center - Long Beach
Long Beach, California, United States, 90822
USC/Norris Comprehensive Cancer Center
Los Angeles, California, United States, 90033-0800
Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer Center, UCLA
Los Angeles, California, United States, 90095-1781
Veterans Affairs Outpatient Clinic - Martinez
Martinez, California, United States, 94553
CCOP - Bay Area Tumor Institute
Oakland, California, United States, 94609-3305
University of California Davis Medical Center
Sacramento, California, United States, 95817
CCOP - Santa Rosa Memorial Hospital
Santa Rosa, California, United States, 95403
David Grant Medical Center
Travis Air Force Base, California, United States, 94535
United States, Colorado
Veterans Affairs Medical Center - Denver
Denver, Colorado, United States, 80220
University of Colorado Cancer Center
Denver, Colorado, United States, 80262
United States, Georgia
CCOP - Atlanta Regional
Atlanta, Georgia, United States, 30342-1701
Dwight David Eisenhower Army Medical Center
Fort Gordon, Georgia, United States, 30905-5650
United States, Hawaii
Cancer Research Center of Hawaii
Honolulu, Hawaii, United States, 96813
United States, Illinois
Veterans Affairs Medical Center - Hines (Hines Junior VA Hospital)
Hines, Illinois, United States, 60141
Loyola University Medical Center
Maywood, Illinois, United States, 60153
CCOP - Central Illinois
Springfield, Illinois, United States, 62526
United States, Kansas
University of Kansas Medical Center
Kansas City, Kansas, United States, 66160-7357
CCOP - Wichita
Wichita, Kansas, United States, 67214-3882
Veterans Affairs Medical Center - Wichita
Wichita, Kansas, United States, 67218
United States, Kentucky
Veterans Affairs Medical Center - Lexington
Lexington, Kentucky, United States, 40511-1093
Albert B. Chandler Medical Center, University of Kentucky
Lexington, Kentucky, United States, 40536-0084
United States, Louisiana
MBCCOP - LSU Medical Center
New Orleans, Louisiana, United States, 70112
Tulane University School of Medicine
New Orleans, Louisiana, United States, 70112
Veterans Affairs Medical Center - New Orleans
New Orleans, Louisiana, United States, 70112
Louisiana State University Hospital - Shreveport
Shreveport, Louisiana, United States, 71130-3932
Veterans Affairs Medical Center - Shreveport
Shreveport, Louisiana, United States, 71130
United States, Massachusetts
Boston Medical Center
Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02118
Veterans Affairs Medical Center - Boston (Jamaica Plain)
Jamaica Plain, Massachusetts, United States, 02130
United States, Michigan
Veterans Affairs Medical Center - Ann Arbor
Ann Arbor, Michigan, United States, 48105
University of Michigan Comprehensive Cancer Center
Ann Arbor, Michigan, United States, 48109-0752
Veterans Affairs Medical Center - Detroit
Detroit, Michigan, United States, 48201-1932
Barbara Ann Karmanos Cancer Institute
Detroit, Michigan, United States, 48201
Henry Ford Hospital
Detroit, Michigan, United States, 48202
CCOP - Grand Rapids Clinical Oncology Program
Grand Rapids, Michigan, United States, 49503
Providence Hospital - Southfield
Southfield, Michigan, United States, 48075-9975
United States, Mississippi
Veterans Affairs Medical Center - Biloxi
Biloxi, Mississippi, United States, 39531-2410
University of Mississippi Medical Center
Jackson, Mississippi, United States, 39216-4505
Veterans Affairs Medical Center - Jackson
Jackson, Mississippi, United States, 39216
Keesler Medical Center - Keesler AFB
Keesler AFB, Mississippi, United States, 39534-2576
United States, Missouri
Veterans Affairs Medical Center - Kansas City
Kansas City, Missouri, United States, 64128
CCOP - Kansas City
Kansas City, Missouri, United States, 64131
St. Louis University Health Sciences Center
Saint Louis, Missouri, United States, 63110-0250
CCOP - St. Louis-Cape Girardeau
Saint Louis, Missouri, United States, 63141
CCOP - Cancer Research for the Ozarks
Springfield, Missouri, United States, 65807
United States, Montana
CCOP - Montana Cancer Consortium
Billings, Montana, United States, 59101
United States, New Mexico
Veterans Affairs Medical Center - Albuquerque
Albuquerque, New Mexico, United States, 87108-5138
University of New Mexico Cancer Research & Treatment Center
Albuquerque, New Mexico, United States, 87131
United States, New York
Veterans Affairs Medical Center - Brooklyn
Brooklyn, New York, United States, 11209
Herbert Irving Comprehensive Cancer Center
New York, New York, United States, 10032
United States, Ohio
Barrett Cancer Center, The University Hospital
Cincinnati, Ohio, United States, 45219
Veterans Affairs Medical Center - Cincinnati
Cincinnati, Ohio, United States, 45220-2288
Cleveland Clinic Cancer Center
Cleveland, Ohio, United States, 44195
CCOP - Columbus
Columbus, Ohio, United States, 43206
Veterans Affairs Medical Center - Dayton
Dayton, Ohio, United States, 45428
CCOP - Dayton
Kettering, Ohio, United States, 45429
United States, Oklahoma
Oklahoma Medical Research Foundation
Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, United States, 73104
Veterans Affairs Medical Center - Oklahoma City
Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, United States, 73104
United States, Oregon
Oregon Cancer Center at Oregon Health Sciences University
Portland, Oregon, United States, 97201-3098
Veterans Affairs Medical Center - Portland
Portland, Oregon, United States, 97207
CCOP - Columbia River Program
Portland, Oregon, United States, 97213
United States, South Carolina
CCOP - Greenville
Greenville, South Carolina, United States, 29615
CCOP - Upstate Carolina
Spartanburg, South Carolina, United States, 29303
United States, Texas
Brooke Army Medical Center
Fort Sam Houston, Texas, United States, 78234
University of Texas Medical Branch
Galveston, Texas, United States, 77555-1329
Texas Tech University Health Science Center
Lubbock, Texas, United States, 79423
University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio
San Antonio, Texas, United States, 78284
Veterans Affairs Medical Center - San Antonio (Murphy)
San Antonio, Texas, United States, 78284
Veterans Affairs Medical Center - Temple
Temple, Texas, United States, 76504
CCOP - Scott and White Hospital
Temple, Texas, United States, 76508
United States, Utah
Huntsman Cancer Institute
Salt Lake City, Utah, United States, 84132
Veterans Affairs Medical Center - Salt Lake City
Salt Lake City, Utah, United States, 84148
United States, Washington
CCOP - Virginia Mason Research Center
Seattle, Washington, United States, 98101
Swedish Cancer Institute
Seattle, Washington, United States, 98104
Veterans Affairs Medical Center - Seattle
Seattle, Washington, United States, 98108
CCOP - Northwest
Tacoma, Washington, United States, 98405-0986
Sponsors and Collaborators
Southwest Oncology Group
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Study Chair: Stephen J. Forman, MD City of Hope Comprehensive Cancer Center

Publications of Results:
Sala-Torra O, Gundacker HM, Stirewalt DL, et al.: CTGF (CCN2) predicts OS and DFS in adult acute lymphoblastic leukemia. [Abstract] Blood 106 (11): A-336, 2005.
Slovak ML, Kopecky KJ, Gundacker H, et al.: Clinical significance of cytogenetic abnormalities in adult acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL): a Southwest Oncology Group (SWOG) study (S9400). [Abstract] Blood 102 (11 Pt 1): A-2223, 2003.
Boldt DH, Gundacker HM, Lee DY, et al.: Analysis of multidrug resistance gene-1 (MDR1) expression and function in adult acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). A Southwest Oncology Group (SWOG) study. [Abstract] Blood 100 (11 Pt 1): A-2991, 2002.
Gazitt Y, Lee D, Wang ME, et al.: Functional MDR1 expression in adult acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). Blood 92 (10 Suppl 1): A-2788, 676a, 1998.

Responsible Party: Southwest Oncology Group Identifier: NCT00002665     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: SWOG-9400
SWOG-9400 ( Other Identifier: SWOG )
U10CA032102 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: July 29, 2004    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: March 6, 2015
Last Verified: March 2015

Keywords provided by Southwest Oncology Group:
untreated adult acute lymphoblastic leukemia
L1 adult acute lymphoblastic leukemia
L2 adult acute lymphoblastic leukemia
L3 adult acute lymphoblastic leukemia

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma
Leukemia, Lymphoid
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Lymphoproliferative Disorders
Lymphatic Diseases
Immunoproliferative Disorders
Immune System Diseases
Blood Platelet Disorders
Hematologic Diseases
Leukocyte Disorders
Liposomal doxorubicin