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Trial record 19 of 80 for:    "Adult Acute Lymphocytic Leukemia" | "Antineoplastic Agents, Hormonal"

Combination Chemotherapy in Treating Adults With Acute Lymphocytic Leukemia

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00002531
Recruitment Status : Unknown
Verified December 2006 by National Cancer Institute (NCI).
Recruitment status was:  Active, not recruiting
First Posted : February 16, 2004
Last Update Posted : September 17, 2013
Sponsor:
Information provided by:
National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Brief Summary:

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop cancer cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Combining more than one drug may kill more cancer cells.

PURPOSE: Randomized phase II trial to study the effectiveness of various combination chemotherapy regimens in treating patients with acute lymphocytic leukemia.


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Leukemia Drug: asparaginase Drug: cyclophosphamide Drug: cytarabine Drug: daunorubicin hydrochloride Drug: dexamethasone Drug: doxorubicin hydrochloride Drug: etoposide Drug: ifosfamide Drug: leucovorin calcium Drug: mercaptopurine Drug: methotrexate Drug: mitoxantrone hydrochloride Drug: prednisolone Drug: teniposide Drug: thioguanine Drug: vincristine sulfate Drug: vindesine Procedure: allogeneic bone marrow transplantation Procedure: peripheral blood stem cell transplantation Radiation: radiation therapy Phase 2

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Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVES: I. Develop risk-adapted therapy for patients with low-risk, high-risk, T-cell, or B-cell acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL). II. Determine the complete remission rate in these patients treated with the following strategies: increased doses of cyclophosphamide during induction and reinduction, early use of high-dose cytarabine plus mitoxantrone (for high-risk patients), and increased doses of methotrexate (for B-cell ALL patients). III. Determine the duration of remission and survival of patients in all risk groups treated with intensified consolidation and subtype-specific chemotherapy. IV. Compare the effects of intensified vs conventional maintenance therapy in patients of all risk groups.

OUTLINE: This is a randomized, multicenter study. Patients are assigned to 1 of 4 treatment groups based on disease status. Patients in groups 1-3 with a large leukemic cell mass, in particular those with a WBC greater than 25,000/mm3 and/or marked organomegaly, receive preinduction therapy comprising oral prednisolone (PRDL) 3 times a day on days 1-7 and vincristine (VCR) IV on day 1. Group 1 (low-risk acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL)): First induction therapy: Patients receive oral PRDL 3 times a day on days 1-7 of weeks 1-4, asparaginase (ASP) IV over 30 minutes on days 1-7 of weeks 3 and 4, VCR IV and daunorubicin IV over 30 minutes on day 1 of weeks 1-4, and methotrexate (MTX) IT on day 1 of week 1. Patients who achieve complete remission (CR) after first induction therapy proceed to first consolidation therapy on group 1. Second induction therapy: Patients receive oral cyclophosphamide (CTX) IV on day 1 of weeks 5, 7, and 9; cytarabine (ARA-C) IV over 1 hour or subcutaneously on days 3-6 and MTX IT on day 3 of weeks 5-8; and oral mercaptopurine (MP) on days 1-7 of weeks 5-8 and day 1 of week 9. Patients who achieve CR during second induction therapy undergo prophylactic cranial irradiation 5 days a week for 2.4 weeks. Patients who achieve CR after second induction therapy proceed to group 3. First consolidation therapy: Patients receive high-dose MTX IV continuously with leucovorin calcium (CF) rescue on day 1, ASP IV over 1 hour on day 2, and oral MP on days 1-5 of weeks 13 and 15; and teniposide (VM-26) IV over 1 hour and ARA-C IV over 1 hour on days 1-5 of week 17. Triple intrathecal therapy (TIT) comprising MTX, ARA-C, and dexamethasone (DM) is also administered on day 1 of week 17. First reinduction therapy: Patients receive oral PRDL three times a day on days 1-7 and VCR IV and doxorubicin (DOX) IV over 30 minutes on day 1 of weeks 21-24, and TIT on day 1 of week 21. Second reinduction therapy: Patients receive CTX IV and TIT on day 1 of week 25, and ARA-C IV over 1 hour on days 3-6 and oral thioguanine (TG) on days 1-7 of weeks 25 and 26. Second consolidation therapy: Patients receive oral MP daily and oral MTX weekly during weeks 29-32, 34-38, 40-44, 46-50, and 52; high-dose MTX, CF rescue, and ASP as in first consolidation therapy during weeks 33 and 45; and VM-26, ARA-C, and TIT as in first consolidation therapy during weeks 39 and 51. Group 2 (T-cell ALL with or without mediastinal involvement): First induction therapy: Patients receive treatment as in first induction therapy on group 1. Patients with residual tumor greater than 2 cm after first induction therapy also undergo mediastinal radiotherapy 5 days a weeks for 2.4-2.7 weeks concurrently with prophylactic cranial irradiation. Second induction therapy: Patients receive treatment as in second induction therapy on group 1. First consolidation therapy: Patients receive high-dose ARA-C IV over 3 hours every 12 hours on days 1-4 and mitoxantrone (DHAD) IV over 30 minutes on days 3-5 during week 13; and high-dose MTX, CF rescue, ASP, and MP as in first consolidation therapy on group 1 during week 17. First reinduction therapy: Patients receive treatment as in first reinduction therapy on group 1. Second reinduction therapy: Patients receive treatment as in second reinduction therapy on group 1. Second consolidation therapy: Patients receive MP and MTX as in second consolidation therapy on group 1; CTX IV, ARA-C IV continuously, and TIT on day 1 during weeks 33 and 45; and VM-26, ARA-C, and TIT as in first consolidation therapy on group 1 during weeks 39 and 51. Group 3 (high-risk ALL): First induction therapy: Patients receive treatment as in first induction therapy on group 1. Second induction therapy: Patients receive CNS-effective chemotherapy comprising high-dose ARA-C every 12 hours on days 1-4 and DHAD IV over 30 minutes on days 3-5 during week 6. First consolidation therapy: Patients receive high-dose MTX, CF rescue, and ASP as in first consolidation therapy on group 1; and CTX, ARA-C, and TIT as in second consolidation therapy on group 2 during week 17. First reinduction therapy: Patients receive treatment as in first reinduction therapy on group 1. Second reinduction therapy: Patients receive treatment as in second reinduction therapy on group 1. Second consolidation therapy: Patients receive MP and MTX as in second consolidation therapy on group 1; treatment as in second induction therapy on group 3 during week 33; high-dose MTX, CF rescue, ASP, and MP as in first consolidation therapy on group 1 during week 39; CTX, ARA-C, and TIT as in second consolidation therapy on group 2 during week 45; and VM-26, ARA-C, and TIT as in first consolidation therapy on group 1 during week 51. Groups 1-3: Patients who are age 15 to 50, achieve first CR, and have a suitable donor undergo allogeneic bone marrow transplantation. Patients who are under age 40 undergo bone marrow transplantation from a matched unrelated donor. Patients who have Philadelphia chromosome/bcr-abl positive disease and no suitable donor undergo purged autologous peripheral blood stem cell transplantation instead of reinduction therapy during first CR. CNS therapy: Patients with CNS disease at entry receive TIT 2 or 3 times weekly beginning immediately upon diagnosis and continuing until 5 doses after blasts are cleared from the CSF. Patients on group 1 and 2 undergo irradiation of the entire neuraxis 5 days a week for 2.7-3.2 weeks during second induction therapy. Maintenance therapy: After completion of 1 year of treatment on group 1, 2, or 3, patients are randomized to 1 of 2 treatment arms. Arm I: Patients receive MP daily and MTX weekly on odd-numbered months between months 13-30; CTX, ARA-C, and TIT as in second consolidation therapy on group 2 during months 14, 20, and 26; VM-26, ARA-C, and TIT as in first consolidation therapy on group 1 during months 16, 22, and 28; and high-dose MTX, CF rescue, and ASP as in first consolidation therapy on group 1 during months 18, 24, and 30. Arm II: Patients receive MP plus MTX as in second consolidation therapy on group 1 continuously and TIT every 2 months during months 13-30. Group 4 (B-cell ALL): Pretreatment: Patients who are age 50 and under receive CTX IV over 1 hour and oral PRDL 3 times a day on days 1-5. Patients who are over age 50 receive CTX IV and oral DM on days 1, 3, and 5. Treatment: Patients receive alternating therapy on blocks A and B. Block A therapy consists of VCR IV, MTX IV continuously, and CF rescue on day 1; ifosfamide IV over 1 hour and oral DM on days 1-5; VM-26 IV over 1 hour and ARA-C IV over 1 hour every 12 hours on days 4 and 5; and TIT on days 1 and 5. Block B therapy consists of VCR IV, MTX IV continuously, and CF rescue on day 1; CTX IV over 1 hour and oral DM on days 1-5; DOX IV over 15 minutes on days 4 and 5; and TIT on days 1 and 5. Blocks A and B continue every 3 weeks for a total of 6 courses. Patients who have not achieved CR after 3 courses or who develop disease progression at any time may optionally receive vindesine, ARA-C, etoposide, and DM. Patients with CNS disease undergo craniospinal irradiation after 2 courses of systemic chemotherapy (block A and B therapy). Patients receive TIT 2-3 times weekly until CSF is clear after block A therapy only if response is unsatisfactory.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: Approximately 700 patients will be accrued for this study within 4 years.


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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: MULTICENTRE TRIAL OF INTENSIFIED THERAPY FOR ADULT ALL (O5/93)
Study Start Date : January 1993

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Leukemia





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Ages Eligible for Study:   15 Years to 65 Years   (Child, Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS: Diagnosis of low-risk acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL) (common ALL or pre-B-cell) Must meet 1 of the following 2 conditions: Age 51 to 65 and meets the following criteria: No mediastinal mass No T-cell or B-cell disease Age 15 to 50 and meets the following criteria: Philadelphia chromosome (Ph) negative bcr-abl negative Initial WBC less than 30,000/mm3 OR Diagnosis of T-cell ALL with or without mediastinal involvement Age 15 to 50 OR Diagnosis of high-risk ALL (common ALL or pre-B-cell) Age 15 to 50 and meets 1 of the following criteria: Ph positive bcr-abl positive Pre-pre-B-cell disease, i.e., t(4;11) Initial WBC greater than 30,000/mm3 OR Diagnosis of B-cell ALL

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS: Age: See Disease Characteristics 15 to 65 Performance status: Not specified Life expectancy: Not specified Hematopoietic: See Disease Characteristics Hepatic: Not specified Renal: No renal failure Cardiovascular: No cardiomyopathy Other: HIV-1 and HIV-2 negative No severe psychiatric disease

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY: Biologic therapy: Not specified Chemotherapy: No prior cytostatic drugs except vincristine Endocrine therapy: Prior corticosteroids allowed Radiotherapy: Not specified Surgery: Not specified Other: No more than 2 weeks of prior therapy No other prior cytostatic drugs


Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00002531


Locations
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Germany
Klinikum der J.W. Goethe Universitaet
Frankfurt, Germany, D-60590
Sponsors and Collaborators
Johann Wolfgang Goethe University Hospital
Investigators
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Study Chair: Dieter Hoelzer, MD, PhD Johann Wolfgang Goethe University Hospital

Publications:
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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00002531     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CDR0000078421
GER-GMALL-ALL-05/93
EU-93002
First Posted: February 16, 2004    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: September 17, 2013
Last Verified: December 2006
Keywords provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI):
untreated adult acute lymphoblastic leukemia
T-cell adult acute lymphoblastic leukemia
B-cell adult acute lymphoblastic leukemia
non-T, non-B adult acute lymphoblastic leukemia
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Antineoplastic Agents, Hormonal
Leukemia
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Cytarabine
Dexamethasone
Prednisolone
Cyclophosphamide
Doxorubicin
Methotrexate
Etoposide
Vincristine
Ifosfamide
Daunorubicin
Mitoxantrone
Asparaginase
Mercaptopurine
Thioguanine
Vindesine
Teniposide
Anti-Inflammatory Agents
Antiemetics
Autonomic Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Gastrointestinal Agents
Glucocorticoids
Hormones
Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists
Antineoplastic Agents