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Radiation Therapy Compared With No Further Treatment Following Surgery in Treating Patients With Prostate Cancer

This study has been completed.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer - EORTC Identifier:
First received: November 1, 1999
Last updated: October 15, 2012
Last verified: October 2012

RATIONALE: Radiation therapy uses high-energy x-rays to damage tumor cells and may be an effective treatment for prostate cancer.

PURPOSE: Randomized phase III trial to compare radiation therapy with no further treatment in treating patients with stage III prostate cancer following radical prostatectomy.

Condition Intervention Phase
Prostate Cancer
Radiation: low-LET photon therapy
Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Primary Purpose: Treatment

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer - EORTC:

Enrollment: 1005
Study Start Date: December 1992
Primary Completion Date: December 2001 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Detailed Description:


  • Compare local recurrence rates, acute and late morbidity, overall survival, disease-free survival, and cancer-related survival of patients with pT3 pN0 adenocarcinoma of the prostate randomized following radical prostatectomy to postoperative conventional pelvic irradiation (60 Gy) vs no further treatment until relapse.
  • Better define the selective pathologic indications for radiotherapy in patients with pT3 pN0 disease.

OUTLINE: This is a randomized study.

  • Arm I: Patients undergo radiotherapy daily, 5 days a week, for 5 weeks, followed by boost radiotherapy for 1-1.4 weeks.
  • Arm II: Patients are observed. Local relapse is treated with conventional pelvic radiotherapy.

Patients are followed every 3 months during the first postoperative year, every 6 months until the fifth year, and annually thereafter.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 1000 patients will be accrued for this study within 7.5 years.


Ages Eligible for Study:   up to 75 Years   (Child, Adult, Senior)
Genders Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No


  • Histologically documented invasive adenocarcinoma of the prostate staged pT3 pN0 after radical prostatectomy

    • Preoperative staging must have been T0-3 N0 M0 based on physical exam, chest x-ray, bone scan, CT or MRI of entire pelvis and abdomen, and serum PSA
    • At least 1 of the following features must be present:

      • Complete capsule invasion (i.e., perforation)
      • Positive surgical margins (microscopic or gross)
      • Seminal vesicle invasion
  • Radiotherapy must begin within 16 weeks following surgery, after recovery of urinary function



  • 75 and under

Performance status:

  • WHO 0-2


  • Not specified


  • Not specified


  • Not specified


  • No other malignancies


Biologic therapy:

  • Not specified


  • Not specified

Endocrine therapy:

  • No more than 4 months of preoperative hormonal therapy


  • Not specified


  • Radical prostatectomy required within 12 weeks with recovery of urinary function
  Contacts and Locations
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Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00002511

U.Z. Gasthuisberg
Leuven, Belgium, B-3000
Sponsors and Collaborators
European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer - EORTC
Study Chair: Michel Bolla, MD CHU de Grenoble - Hopital de la Tronche
Study Chair: Hein van Poppel, MD, PhD University Hospital, Gasthuisberg
  More Information

Bolla M, Van Poppel H, Van Cangh P, et al.: Does post-operative radiotherapy (P-RXT) after radical prostatectomy (Px) improve progression-free survival (PFS) in pT3N0 prostate cancer (PC)? (EORTC 22911). [Abstract] J Clin Oncol 22 (Suppl 14): A-4504, 383, 2004.
Bolla M, Van Poppel H, Van Cangh P, et al.: Post-operative radiotherapy (P-RXT) after radical prostatectomy (Px) improves progression-free survival (PFS) in pT3NO prostate cancer (PC) (EORTC 22911). [Abstract] Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys 60 (1 Suppl 1): A-93, S186, 2004. Available online. Last accessed January 27, 2005.
Tombal B, Scaillet P, Opsomer R, et al.: Immediate external beam radiation therapy (EBRT) after radical prostatectomy (PCa): long-term influence on QOL, urinary and rectal symptoms. [Abstract] American Urological Association: Annual Meeting, May 20-25, 2006, Atlanta, GA A-1599, 2006.
van der Kwast TH, Bolla M, van Poppel H, et al.: Gleason Score and margin status are the strongest predictors for benefit of radiotherapy after radical prostatectomy. [Abstract] American Urological Association: Annual Meeting, May 20-25, 2006, Atlanta, GA A-1391, 2006.

Publications automatically indexed to this study by Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer - EORTC Identifier: NCT00002511     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: EORTC-22911  EORTC-GU-22911 
Study First Received: November 1, 1999
Last Updated: October 15, 2012
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government

Keywords provided by European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer - EORTC:
adenocarcinoma of the prostate
stage I prostate cancer
stage IIB prostate cancer
stage IIA prostate cancer
stage III prostate cancer

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Prostatic Neoplasms
Genital Neoplasms, Male
Urogenital Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Genital Diseases, Male
Prostatic Diseases processed this record on January 14, 2017