Safety and Effectiveness of Tenofovir Disoproxil Fumarate (Tenofovir DF) Plus Other Anti-HIV Drugs in HIV-Infected Patients

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00002450
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : August 31, 2001
Last Update Posted : June 24, 2005
Information provided by:
NIH AIDS Clinical Trials Information Service

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this study is to see if giving tenofovir DF plus a combination of other anti-HIV drugs is safe and effective.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
HIV Infections Drug: Tenofovir disoproxil fumarate Phase 3

Detailed Description:
Patients are randomized 2:1 to add tenofovir DF once daily or placebo to their existing antiretroviral regimen in a blinded manner. Patients are stratified according to HIV-1 RNA level, CD4 cell count, and number of antiretroviral drugs taken prior to study entry. Patients and physicians are strongly discouraged from making changes in their antiviral therapies for at least 24 weeks post-randomization. After Week 24, changes in background antiretroviral therapy are permitted. At 24 weeks post-randomization, patients randomized to receive placebo are crossed over to receive open-label tenofovir DF once daily for the remainder of the 48-week study. While on study drug, patients are monitored for safety using periodic physical examinations and serial laboratory tests. Additionally, changes in plasma HIV RNA levels and CD4 cell counts are monitored to assess antiviral efficacy. At the end of the 48-week study period, patients are rolled over into extended dosing until tenofovir DF is commercially available or Gilead Sciences terminates the study.

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Enrollment : 600 participants
Masking: Double
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase III, Double-Blind, Randomized, Placebo-Controlled, Multicenter Study of the Safety and Efficacy of Tenofovir Disoproxil Fumarate in Combination With Other Antiretroviral Agents for the Treatment of HIV-1 Infected Patients

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: HIV/AIDS

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 65 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria

Patients may be eligible for this study if they:

  • Are HIV-positive.
  • Have been on stable anti-HIV therapy for at least 8 weeks with no more than 4 anti-HIV drugs at the time of study entry.
  • Have a viral load (level of HIV in the blood) between 400 and 10,000 copies/ml.
  • Have good kidney function.
  • Are 18 to 65 years old.
  • Agree to use a barrier method of birth control (such as condoms) during the study and for 30 days after.

Exclusion Criteria

Patients will not be eligible for this study if they:

  • Have a new AIDS-related illness diagnosed within 30 days of study entry.
  • Have any other serious medical conditions, including kidney or bone disease, an active infection requiring antibiotics, or cancer (other than Kaposi's sarcoma or certain skin cancers).
  • Have received a vaccine within 30 days of study entry.
  • Are unable to take medications by mouth.
  • Have ever taken tenofovir or adefovir dipivoxil.
  • Have taken certain medications within 30 days of study entry, such as chemotherapy, corticosteroids, medications that affect the kidneys, treatment for Kaposi's sarcoma, or certain experimental drugs.
  • Abuse alcohol or drugs.
  • Are pregnant or breast-feeding.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00002450

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Sponsors and Collaborators
Gilead Sciences Identifier: NCT00002450     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 283D
First Posted: August 31, 2001    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: June 24, 2005
Last Verified: July 2000

Keywords provided by NIH AIDS Clinical Trials Information Service:
Drug Therapy, Combination
Drug Administration Schedule
RNA, Viral
Anti-HIV Agents
Viral Load

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
HIV Infections
Lentivirus Infections
Retroviridae Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Virus Diseases
Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Viral
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Immunologic Deficiency Syndromes
Immune System Diseases
Anti-Retroviral Agents
Antiviral Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitors
Nucleic Acid Synthesis Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Anti-HIV Agents