A Study of Saquinavir Soft Gel Capsules (SGC) Used in Combination With Two Other Anti-HIV Drugs in Patients With HIV-Associated Kidney Disease

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00002397
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : August 31, 2001
Last Update Posted : June 24, 2005
Information provided by:
NIH AIDS Clinical Trials Information Service

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this study is to compare the safety and effectiveness of saquinavir SGC plus stavudine (d4T) plus lamivudine (3TC) with that of saquinavir SGC plus nelfinavir plus d4T in patients with HIV-associated kidney disease. This study examines whether these drug combinations are effective in preventing kidney disease from progressing to a stage where it is immediately life threatening. This study also examines the effect these drug combinations have on the level of HIV detected in these patients. Finally, this study evaluates the drug level (the amount of drug found in the body) of these two combinations in patients with kidney disease.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
HIV Infections AIDS-Associated Nephropathy Drug: Nelfinavir mesylate Drug: Saquinavir Drug: Lamivudine Drug: Stavudine Phase 3

Detailed Description:

This is an open-label, non-comparative, randomized, single center, 24-week study. Patients are stratified into 3 groups (8 patients in each group) based on kidney function:

Group 1: Serum creatine less than 2 mg/dL. Group 2: Serum creatine 2-5 mg/dL. Group 3: Serum creatine greater than 5 mg/dL.

All 24 patients are randomized 1:1 to receive 1 of 2 study regimens:

Arm A: Saquinavir SGC plus d4T plus 3TC. Arm B: Saquinavir SGC plus nelfinavir plus d4T. Patients are seen at Weeks 4, 8, 12, and 24. At Week 24, a kidney biopsy is performed with patient consent.

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 24 participants
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: An Exploratory Study of Fortovase (Saquinavir) Soft Gelatin Capsules (SGC) Plus d4T and 3TC or Fortovase (Saquinavir) SGC Plus Nelfinavir and d4T in Patients With HIV-1 Associated Nephropathy

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

U.S. FDA Resources

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria

Patients must have:

  • Detectable HIV-1 RNA by Amplicor assay.
  • Biopsy-proven nephropathy.

Exclusion Criteria

Prior Medication:


  • Saquinavir and nelfinavir.
  • d4T or 3TC within the past 4 months.


Stable antiretroviral therapy for more than 4 weeks.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00002397

United States, New York
Mount Sinai Med Ctr
New York, New York, United States, 10029
Sponsors and Collaborators
Hoffmann-La Roche Identifier: NCT00002397     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 229P
First Posted: August 31, 2001    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: June 24, 2005
Last Verified: December 1998

Keywords provided by NIH AIDS Clinical Trials Information Service:
Kidney Failure, Chronic
Drug Therapy, Combination
HIV Protease Inhibitors
AIDS-Associated Nephropathy
Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitors
Viral Load

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
HIV Infections
Kidney Diseases
AIDS-Associated Nephropathy
Lentivirus Infections
Retroviridae Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Virus Diseases
Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Viral
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Immunologic Deficiency Syndromes
Immune System Diseases
Urologic Diseases
Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitors
Nucleic Acid Synthesis Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Anti-Retroviral Agents
Antiviral Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Anti-HIV Agents
HIV Protease Inhibitors
Protease Inhibitors
Cytochrome P-450 CYP3A Inhibitors
Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme Inhibitors