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A Study of Treatments for Fungal Infections of the Mouth and Throat in HIV-Infected Patients Who Have Had Success With Itraconazole But Not With Fluconazole

This study has been completed.
Information provided by:
NIH AIDS Clinical Trials Information Service Identifier:
First received: November 2, 1999
Last updated: June 23, 2005
Last verified: April 1996
To provide maintenance treatment with itraconazole solution for patients who were clinical responders in the ITR-USA-94 protocol, even if they subsequently relapsed.

Condition Intervention
Candidiasis, Oral HIV Infections Drug: Itraconazole

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: An Open-Label Extension Study of Maintenance Therapy in HIV-Positive Subjects With Fluconazole-Refractory Oropharyngeal Candidiasis Who Have Responded to Itraconazole Oral Solution

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by NIH AIDS Clinical Trials Information Service:

Detailed Description:
Patients who responded to therapy on protocol FDA 236B receive maintenance with itraconazole oral solution for up to 6 months.

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 65 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria

Patients must have:

  • Met criteria for clinical response on protocol FDA 236B with no residual visible lesion of oropharyngeal candidiasis upon completion of that study OR had initial response on protocol FDA 236B with subsequent relapse and retreatment with itraconazole solution or other therapies.
  • Life expectancy of at least 3 months.

Exclusion Criteria

Co-existing Condition:

Patients with the following symptoms or conditions are excluded:

  • Underlying clinical condition that would preclude completion of study or place subject at significant risk.
  • Judged unreliable with respect to physician's directives.

Concurrent Medication:


  • Rifampin.
  • Rifabutin.
  • Phenobarbital.
  • Phenytoin.
  • Carbamazepine.
  • Terfenadine.
  • Astemizole.
  • Systemic antifungals.

Patients with the following prior conditions are excluded:

  • Previously documented disseminated candidiasis.
  • Previous clinically significant adverse event during treatment with itraconazole oral solution, unless clearly attributable to an intercurrent illness or condition.
  • History of significant hepatic abnormalities or clinical evidence of significant hepatic disease within 2 months prior to study entry.

Prior Medication:


  • Any investigational drug (other than itraconazole solution) within 1 month prior to study entry.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00002341

United States, Pennsylvania
Buckley Braffman Stern Med Associates
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States, 19107
Sponsors and Collaborators
Janssen, LP
  More Information

Moskovitz B, Wu J, Baruch A, Benken C. Long term safety and efficacy of itraconazole oral solution (IS) for treatment of fluconazole refractory oropharyngeal candidiasis (OC) in HIV-positive patients (pts). Conf Retroviruses Opportunistic Infect. 1997 Jan 22-26;4th:124 (abstract no 325)
Fessel WJ, Merrill KW, Ward D, Moskovitz B, Benken C, Oleka N, Grimwood H. Itraconazole oral solution (IS) for the treatment of fluconazole-refractory oropharyngeal candidiasis (OC) in HIV-positive patients. Conf Retroviruses Opportunistic Infect. 1997 Jan 22-26;4th:124 (abstract no 327) Identifier: NCT00002341     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 236C
Study First Received: November 2, 1999
Last Updated: June 23, 2005

Keywords provided by NIH AIDS Clinical Trials Information Service:
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
AIDS-Related Complex
Candidiasis, Oral

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
HIV Infections
Candidiasis, Oral
Lentivirus Infections
Retroviridae Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Virus Diseases
Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Viral
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Immunologic Deficiency Syndromes
Immune System Diseases
Mouth Diseases
Stomatognathic Diseases
Antifungal Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
14-alpha Demethylase Inhibitors
Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Steroid Synthesis Inhibitors
Hormone Antagonists
Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Cytochrome P-450 CYP3A Inhibitors
Cytochrome P-450 CYP2C9 Inhibitors processed this record on September 19, 2017