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A Randomized Controlled Prophylactic Study of Clofazimine To Prevent Mycobacterium Avium Complex Infection in HIV Disease

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00002058
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : August 31, 2001
Last Update Posted : June 24, 2005
Sponsor:
Information provided by:
NIH AIDS Clinical Trials Information Service

Brief Summary:
This study will examine the effectiveness of clofazimine in the prophylaxis of Mycobacterium avium complex infection in HIV infected individuals who are at risk to develop this untreatable opportunistic disease. In the absence of truly effective antiretroviral therapy, a potential mode of treatment of patients with HIV infection is to prevent the development of the life-threatening opportunistic infections. Current studies demonstrate a possible efficacy of clofazimine in the prophylaxis against Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia (PCP), the most common AIDS-defining opportunistic infection. Future studies will examine the potential for prophylaxis against the other opportunistic infections. This proposal hopes to define the role of prophylactic clofazimine in preventing the currently untreatable Mycobacterium avium complex infection. AMENDED: To include prophylaxis for Asymptomatic and ARC.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Mycobacterium Avium-intracellulare Infection HIV Infections Drug: Clofazimine Not Applicable

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Randomized Controlled Prophylactic Study of Clofazimine To Prevent Mycobacterium Avium Complex Infection in HIV Disease






Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria

Concurrent Medication:

Allowed:

  • Pneumocystis prophylaxis.
  • Antiretroviral therapy, or other experimental protocols.
  • Antipyretics and analgesics as per the treating physician.

Exclusion Criteria

Co-existing Condition:

Patients with the following are excluded:

  • Unexplained fever.
  • Night sweats.
  • Unexplained anemia with hemoglobin < 10 g percent or hematocrit less than 30 percent.
  • Hepatic transaminase elevations or total bilirubin values of > 3 times normal.
  • Long-term (over 2 weeks) treatment with any drug with known significant anti-Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC) activity including isoniazid, ethambutol, rifampin, raffia, PAS, PZA, amikacin, streptomycin, ethionamide, viomycin, cycloserine, capreomycin, ciprofloxacin, imipenem, rifapentine, gentamicin, or penicillin.

Patients with the following are excluded:

  • Known hypersensitivity to clofazimine.
  • Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC) infection diagnosis at any site (except isolation from stool in asymptomatic patient).
  • Any of the following symptoms at the time of study entry:
  • Unexplained fever.
  • Night sweats.
  • Unexplained anemia with hemoglobin < 10 percent or hematocrit less than 30 percent.
  • Hepatic transaminase elevations or total bilirubin values of > 3 times normal.
  • Long-term (over 2 weeks) treatment with any drug with known significant anti-MAC activity.

Prior Medication:

Excluded:

  • Long-term (over 2 weeks) treatment with any drug with known significant anti-Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC) activity including isoniazid, ethambutol, rifampin, raffia, PAS, PZA, amikacin, streptomycin, ethionamide, viomycin, cycloserine, capreomycin, ciprofloxacin, imipenem, rifapentine, gentamicin, or penicillin.

Group 1:

  • AIDS patients with a first episode of Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia (PCP) within 2 to 4 months prior to study entry.
  • Group 2:
  • Patients with T4 counts < 100 cells/mm3, regardless of prior opportunistic infections or malignancies.
  • Karnofsky = or > 70.
  • All patients must sign informed consent.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00002058


Locations
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United States, California
Keith Med Group
Los Angeles, California, United States, 90048
San Francisco Gen Hosp
San Francisco, California, United States, 941102859
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of California, San Francisco
Publications:
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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00002058    
Other Study ID Numbers: 027A
First Posted: August 31, 2001    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: June 24, 2005
Last Verified: December 1990
Keywords provided by NIH AIDS Clinical Trials Information Service:
AIDS-Related Opportunistic Infections
Mycobacterium avium-intracellulare Infection
Clofazimine
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Infection
Communicable Diseases
Mycobacterium Infections
Mycobacterium avium-intracellulare Infection
Actinomycetales Infections
Gram-Positive Bacterial Infections
Bacterial Infections
Mycobacterium Infections, Nontuberculous
Clofazimine
Anti-Inflammatory Agents
Leprostatic Agents
Anti-Bacterial Agents
Anti-Infective Agents