A Study of Amphotericin B in the Treatment of Fungal Infections of the Mouth in HIV-Infected Patients Who Have Not Had Success With Fluconazole

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00001065
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : August 31, 2001
Last Update Posted : May 2, 2012
Bristol-Myers Squibb
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)

Brief Summary:

To assess response and toxicity in patients with fluconazole-resistant oral candidiasis ( thrush ) when given initial induction with amphotericin B oral suspension.

Experience with amphotericin B oral suspension for drug-sensitive thrush in HIV-infected patients is limited but encouraging.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Candidiasis, Oral HIV Infections Drug: Amphotericin B Phase 2

Detailed Description:

Experience with amphotericin B oral suspension for drug-sensitive thrush in HIV-infected patients is limited but encouraging.

Patients swish and swallow amphotericin B oral suspension after each meal and at bedtime for 14 days, at which time they are deemed a responder, nonresponder, or failure to induction therapy. Responders receive maintenance twice daily, while nonresponders receive 14 further days of initial induction. Failures discontinue the study. Responders after 28 days of induction are placed on maintenance. After successful completion of initial induction, patients remain on study for 6 months.

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Enrollment : 70 participants
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase II Trial of Amphotericin B Oral Suspension for Fluconazole-Resistant Oral Candidiasis in HIV-Infected Patients
Actual Study Completion Date : April 1998

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Ages Eligible for Study:   13 Years and older   (Child, Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria

Patients must have:

  • HIV infection OR diagnosis of AIDS.
  • Diffuse oral candidiasis, symptomatic or asymptomatic, that is resistant to fluconazole.

Exclusion Criteria

Co-existing Condition:

Patients with the following symptoms or conditions are excluded:

  • Current symptoms of esophageal candidiasis unless there are negative endoscopic visualization and biopsy for Candida or related yeasts.
  • Perioral lesions only (e.g., angular stomatitis, perleche).
  • Inability to swish and swallow oral solution.
  • Inability to tolerate further oral therapy for thrush.

Concurrent Medication:


  • Fluconazole.
  • Itraconazole.
  • Ketoconazole.
  • Flucytosine.
  • Intravenous amphotericin or other non-study formulations.
  • Nystatin.
  • Clotrimazole.
  • Other investigational antifungal agents.
  • Systemic cytotoxic chemotherapy for malignancy.

Concurrent Treatment:


  • Radiation therapy to the mouth, neck, or chest.

Patients with the following prior conditions are excluded:

  • Esophageal candidiasis, proven or presumptive, occurring since fluconazole failure.
  • Successful treatment of thrush with fluconazole at <= 200 mg/day after original treatment failure.
  • History of oral candidiasis that recurred or persisted despite IV amphotericin B given once or more weekly.
  • History of anaphylaxis to amphotericin B.
  • History of hypersensitivity to components in amphotericin B oral suspension.

Prior Medication:

Excluded within 6 weeks prior to study entry:

  • Cytotoxic therapy for malignancy.
  • Corticosteroids at higher than replacement doses.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00001065

  Hide Study Locations
United States, Alabama
Alabama Therapeutics CRS
Birmingham, Alabama, United States, 35294
United States, California
Los Angeles, California, United States
Santa Clara Valley Med. Ctr.
San Jose, California, United States
San Mateo County AIDS Program
San Mateo, California, United States
United States, District of Columbia
Howard University Hosp., Div. of Infectious Diseases, ACTU
Washington, District of Columbia, United States, 20059
United States, Florida
Univ. of Miami AIDS CRS
Miami, Florida, United States
United States, Georgia
The Ponce de Leon Ctr. CRS
Atlanta, Georgia, United States
United States, Hawaii
Queens Med. Ctr.
Honolulu, Hawaii, United States, 96816
Univ. of Hawaii at Manoa, Leahi Hosp.
Honolulu, Hawaii, United States, 96816
United States, Illinois
Northwestern University CRS
Chicago, Illinois, United States, 60611
Cook County Hosp. CORE Ctr.
Chicago, Illinois, United States, 60612
Weiss Memorial Hosp.
Chicago, Illinois, United States, 60640
Rush Univ. Med. Ctr. ACTG CRS
Chicago, Illinois, United States
United States, Indiana
Indiana Univ. School of Medicine, Infectious Disease Research Clinic
Indianapolis, Indiana, United States, 46202
Indiana Univ. School of Medicine, Wishard Memorial
Indianapolis, Indiana, United States, 46202
Methodist Hosp. of Indiana
Indianapolis, Indiana, United States, 46202
United States, Maryland
Johns Hopkins Adult AIDS CRS
Baltimore, Maryland, United States, 21287
United States, Massachusetts
Massachusetts General Hospital ACTG CRS
Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02114
Bmc Actg Crs
Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02118
United States, Missouri
St. Louis ConnectCare, Infectious Diseases Clinic
St Louis, Missouri, United States, 63112
Washington U CRS
St. Louis, Missouri, United States
United States, Nebraska
Univ. of Nebraska Med. Ctr., Durham Outpatient Ctr.
Omaha, Nebraska, United States, 68198
United States, New York
SUNY - Buffalo, Erie County Medical Ctr.
Buffalo, New York, United States, 14215
Beth Israel Med. Ctr. (Mt. Sinai)
New York, New York, United States, 10029
New York, New York, United States
Univ. of Rochester ACTG CRS
Rochester, New York, United States, 14642
United States, Ohio
Univ. of Cincinnati CRS
Cincinnati, Ohio, United States, 45267
The Ohio State Univ. AIDS CRS
Columbus, Ohio, United States, 43210
United States, Pennsylvania
Hosp. of the Univ. of Pennsylvania CRS
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States, 19104
United States, Washington
University of Washington AIDS CRS
Seattle, Washington, United States, 98122
Puerto Rico
Puerto Rico-AIDS CRS
San Juan, Puerto Rico, 00936
Mbeya Med. Research Program, Mbeya Referral Hosp. CRS
Mbeya, Tanzania
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
Bristol-Myers Squibb
Study Chair: Zingman BS
Study Chair: Wheat LJ

Responsible Party: National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) Identifier: NCT00001065     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: ACTG 295
11271 ( Registry Identifier: DAIDS ES Registry Number )
First Posted: August 31, 2001    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: May 2, 2012
Last Verified: May 2012

Keywords provided by National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID):
Administration, Oral
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
Amphotericin B
AIDS-Related Complex
Candidiasis, Oral

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
HIV Infections
Candidiasis, Oral
Lentivirus Infections
Retroviridae Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Virus Diseases
Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Viral
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Immunologic Deficiency Syndromes
Immune System Diseases
Mouth Diseases
Stomatognathic Diseases
Amphotericin B
Liposomal amphotericin B
Antifungal Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
14-alpha Demethylase Inhibitors
Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Steroid Synthesis Inhibitors
Hormone Antagonists
Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Cytochrome P-450 CYP2C9 Inhibitors
Cytochrome P-450 CYP2C19 Inhibitors