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Response to Cabergoline and Pasireotide in Non-functioning Pituitary Adenomas and Resistant Prolactinomas

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01620138
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : June 15, 2012
Results First Posted : June 16, 2016
Last Update Posted : August 22, 2016
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Monica Gadelha, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized;   Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment;   Masking: None (Open Label);   Primary Purpose: Treatment
Conditions: Non-functioning Pituitary Adenomas
Prolactinomas
Interventions: Drug: Pasireotide
Drug: cabergoline

  Participant Flow

Recruitment Details
Key information relevant to the recruitment process for the overall study, such as dates of the recruitment period and locations
No text entered.

Pre-Assignment Details
Significant events and approaches for the overall study following participant enrollment, but prior to group assignment
No text entered.

Reporting Groups
  Description
Pasireotide

Non-cured patients with resistant prolactinomas, MRI will be performed immediately before and six months after the onset of pasireotide. The efficacy will be evaluated by prolactin dosage every month.

Patients with a nonfunctioning pituitary adenoma (NFPA), treatment will be started at least 3 months after neurosurgery. The efficacy will be evaluated by MRI 6 months after pasireotide.

Pasireotide: The patients with NFPA will be randomized into two groups: (A) the first one will be treated with pasireotide at the dosage of 900 µg s.c. twice a day for 6 months; (B) the second one, with cabergoline 3 mg/week for 6 months.

The patients with resistant prolactinomas will be treated with pasireotide at the dosage of 600 µg s.c. twice a day. After 4 weeks of treatment, the patients who normalize serum prolactin level will be maintained at the same dosage, the others who do not achieve normal prolactin level will have their dosage raised to 900 µg s.c. twice a day for 6 months.

Cabergoline

In patients with non-functioning pituitary adenoma, treatment will be started at least 3 months after neurosurgery. The drug response will be evaluated clinically by visual field and by Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) before medical treatment and after six months of cabergoline treatment at maximum dose.

cabergoline: The patients with NFPA will be randomized into two groups: (A) the first one will be treated with pasireotide at 900 µg s.c. twice a day for 6 months; (B) the second one, with cabergoline 3 mg/week for 6 months.

The patients with resistant prolactinomas will be treated with pasireotide at 600 µg s.c. twice a day. After four weeks of treatment, the patients who normalize serum prolactin level will be maintained at the same dosage, the others who do not achieve normal prolactin level will have their dosage raised to 900 µg s.c. twice a day for six months.


Participant Flow:   Overall Study
    Pasireotide   Cabergoline
STARTED   12   9 
COMPLETED   6   9 
NOT COMPLETED   6   0 
Withdrawal by Subject                3                0 
Lack of Efficacy                1                0 
Adverse Event                2                0 



  Baseline Characteristics

Population Description
Explanation of how the number of participants for analysis was determined. Includes whether analysis was per protocol, intention to treat, or another method. Also provides relevant details such as imputation technique, as appropriate.
No text entered.

Reporting Groups
  Description
Pasireotide

For non-cured patients with resistant prolactinomas , MRI will be performed before and six months after the onset of pasireotide. The efficacy will be evaluated by prolactin dosage every month.

For patients harboring a NFPA, treatment will be started at least 3 months after neurosurgery. In this case, the drug efficacy will be evaluated clinically by MRI six months after pasireotide.

Pasireotide: The patients with NFPA will be randomized into two groups: (A) the first one will be treated with pasireotide at the dosage of 900 µg s.c. twice a day for 6 months; (B) the second one, with cabergoline 3 mg/week for six months.

The patients with resistant prolactinomas will be treated with pasireotide at the dosage of 600 µg s.c. twice a day. After four weeks of treatment, the patients who normalize serum prolactin level will be maintained at the same dosage, the others who do not achieve normal prolactin level will have their dosage raised to 900 µg s.c. twice a day for six months.

Cabergoline

In patients with non-functioning pituitary adenoma, treatment will be started at least 3 months after neurosurgery. The drug response will be evaluated clinically by visual field and by Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) before medical treatment and after six months of cabergoline treatment at maximum dose.

cabergoline: The patients with NFPA will be randomized into two groups: (A) the first one will be treated with pasireotide at 900 µg s.c. twice a day for 6 months; (B) the second one, with cabergoline 3 mg/week for 6 months.

The patients with resistant prolactinomas will be treated with pasireotide at 600 µg s.c. twice a day. After four weeks of treatment, the patients who normalize serum prolactin level will be maintained at the same dosage, the others who do not achieve normal prolactin level will have their dosage raised to 900 µg s.c. twice a day for six months.

Total Total of all reporting groups

Baseline Measures
   Pasireotide   Cabergoline   Total 
Overall Participants Analyzed 
[Units: Participants]
 12   9   21 
Age 
[Units: Years]
Median (Full Range)
 33 
 (24 to 63) 
 54 
 (36 to 65) 
 54 
 (24 to 65) 
Gender 
[Units: Participants]
     
Female   8   5   13 
Male   4   4   8 
Region of Enrollment 
[Units: Participants]
     
Brazil   12   9   21 


  Outcome Measures

1.  Primary:   Tumor Volume Changes for NFPA and Prolactin Level Changes for Prolactinoma   [ Time Frame: Baseline to six months ]


  Serious Adverse Events


  Other Adverse Events


  Limitations and Caveats

Limitations of the study, such as early termination leading to small numbers of participants analyzed and technical problems with measurement leading to unreliable or uninterpretable data
No text entered.


  More Information

Certain Agreements:  
Principal Investigators are NOT employed by the organization sponsoring the study.
There is NOT an agreement between Principal Investigators and the Sponsor (or its agents) that restricts the PI's rights to discuss or publish trial results after the trial is completed.


Results Point of Contact:  
Name/Title: Monica Gadelha
Organization: Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro
phone: +552139382323
e-mail: mgadelha@hucff.ufrj.br



Responsible Party: Monica Gadelha, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01620138     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CSOM230BBR01T
First Submitted: September 18, 2011
First Posted: June 15, 2012
Results First Submitted: June 1, 2015
Results First Posted: June 16, 2016
Last Update Posted: August 22, 2016