Prandial Insulin Dosing in Hospitalized Patients (ICHO)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT01101867
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : April 12, 2010
Results First Posted : July 2, 2013
Last Update Posted : January 31, 2018
Novo Nordisk A/S
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Kathleen Dungan, The Ohio State University

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized;   Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment;   Masking: None (Open Label);   Primary Purpose: Treatment
Conditions: Diabetes
Admitting Hospital
Non-critically Ill
Interventions: Drug: Aspart fixed dose
Drug: Aspart flexible dose

  Participant Flow

Recruitment Details
Key information relevant to the recruitment process for the overall study, such as dates of the recruitment period and locations
No text entered.

Pre-Assignment Details
Significant events and approaches for the overall study following participant enrollment, but prior to group assignment
No text entered.

Reporting Groups
Flexible Dose Insulin Aspart dose is determined based upon carbohydrate intake and is administered immediately post-meal. Prandial insulin was based upon the formula: CIR=400/TDD where CIR refers to the carbohydrate-to-insulin ratio and TDD refers to the total daily calculated dose of insulin (based upon total daily insulin dose or upon weight, depending upon whether a patient is insulin naive or not, respectively).
Fixed Dose Fixed meal dose of Insulin Aspart (based upon total daily insulin dose or upon weight, depending upon whether a patient is insulin naive or not, respectively). Half of the TDD was divided into three equal fixed doses given immediately after each meal.

Participant Flow:   Overall Study
    Flexible Dose   Fixed Dose
STARTED   63   63 
COMPLETED   62   59 

  Baseline Characteristics

Population Description
Explanation of how the number of participants for analysis was determined. Includes whether analysis was per protocol, intention to treat, or another method. Also provides relevant details such as imputation technique, as appropriate.
No text entered.

Reporting Groups
Flexible Dose aspart dose determined based upon carbohydrate intake.
Fixed Dose fixed meal dose of aspart (based upon weight or total daily insulin dose)
Total Total of all reporting groups

Baseline Measures
   Flexible Dose   Fixed Dose   Total 
Overall Participants Analyzed 
[Units: Participants]
 63   63   126 
[Units: Participants]
Count of Participants
<=18 years      0   0.0%      0   0.0%      0   0.0% 
Between 18 and 65 years      48  76.2%      49  77.8%      97  77.0% 
>=65 years      15  23.8%      14  22.2%      29  23.0% 
[Units: Years]
Mean (Standard Deviation)
 57  (10)   56  (12)   57  (11) 
Sex: Female, Male 
[Units: Participants]
Count of Participants
Female      25  39.7%      29  46.0%      54  42.9% 
Male      38  60.3%      34  54.0%      72  57.1% 
Region of Enrollment 
[Units: Participants]
United States   63   63   126 

  Outcome Measures

1.  Primary:   Mean Glucose   [ Time Frame: day 3 ]

2.  Secondary:   Postprandial Glucose   [ Time Frame: day 3 ]

3.  Secondary:   Hypoglycemia   [ Time Frame: 72 hour ]

4.  Secondary:   Change in Glucose   [ Time Frame: 72 hour ]

5.  Secondary:   Treatment Satisfaction   [ Time Frame: day 3 ]

6.  Secondary:   1,5-anhydroglucitol Change   [ Time Frame: day 1 to day 3 ]

  Serious Adverse Events

  Other Adverse Events

  Limitations and Caveats

Limitations of the study, such as early termination leading to small numbers of participants analyzed and technical problems with measurement leading to unreliable or uninterpretable data
Miscalculation of meal doses, mistimed doses, lack of complete documentation of carbohydrate intake, and dosing conducted by an experienced clinician may have contributed to the findings.

  More Information

Certain Agreements:  
Principal Investigators are NOT employed by the organization sponsoring the study.
There is NOT an agreement between Principal Investigators and the Sponsor (or its agents) that restricts the PI's rights to discuss or publish trial results after the trial is completed.

Results Point of Contact:  
Name/Title: Dr. Kathleen Dungan
Organization: The Ohio State University
phone: 614-685-3333

Responsible Party: Kathleen Dungan, The Ohio State University Identifier: NCT01101867     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: Novo Nordisk xxxx
First Submitted: April 8, 2010
First Posted: April 12, 2010
Results First Submitted: April 9, 2013
Results First Posted: July 2, 2013
Last Update Posted: January 31, 2018