Clinical, Virological and Safety Outcomes of a Lopinavir/Ritonavir-Based Regimen in HIV-1 Infected Patients in Routine Clinical Use in China

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT01074931
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : February 24, 2010
Results First Posted : August 3, 2011
Last Update Posted : August 3, 2011
Information provided by:

Study Type: Observational
Study Design: Time Perspective: Prospective
Condition: HIV-1 Infections
Intervention: Drug: Lopinavir/ritonavir (Kaletra)

  Participant Flow

Recruitment Details
Key information relevant to the recruitment process for the overall study, such as dates of the recruitment period and locations
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Pre-Assignment Details
Significant events and approaches for the overall study following participant enrollment, but prior to group assignment
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Reporting Groups
Lopinavir/Ritonavir Group Adult participants with HIV-1 infection taking lopinavir/ritonavir

Participant Flow:   Overall Study
    Lopinavir/Ritonavir Group
Economic reasons                1 
Death                5 

  Baseline Characteristics

Population Description
Explanation of how the number of participants for analysis was determined. Includes whether analysis was per protocol, intention to treat, or another method. Also provides relevant details such as imputation technique, as appropriate.
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Reporting Groups
Lopinavir/Ritonavir Group Adult participants with HIV-1 infection taking lopinavir/ritonavir

Baseline Measures
   Lopinavir/Ritonavir Group 
Overall Participants Analyzed 
[Units: Participants]
[Units: Years]
Mean (Standard Deviation)
 39.86  (10.41) 
[Units: Participants]
Female   27 
Male   71 
Region of Enrollment 
[Units: Participants]
China   98 
Age at HIV-1 Diagnosis [1] 
[Units: Years]
Mean (Standard Deviation)
 36.35  (10.89) 
[1] The mean age at which participants were diagnosed with HIV-1, based on 97 participants.
Participant Classification [1] 
[Units: Participants]
Treatment-experienced   90 
Treatment-naive   8 
[1] Participants were classified as either treatment-naive or treatment experienced.
WHO Clinical Staging [1] 
[Units: Participants]
Stage 1 (asymptomatic)   8 
Stage 2 (mild symptoms)   22 
Stage 3 (advanced symptoms)   32 
Stage 4 (severe symptoms)   36 
[1] Participants were staged according to the World Health Organization (WHO) clinical classification of established HIV infection: Stage 1 (asymptomatic), Stage 2 (mild symptoms), Stage 3 (advanced symptoms), and Stage 4 (severe symptoms).
Body Weight [1] 
[Units: Kilograms]
Mean (Standard Deviation)
 56.91  (11.14) 
[1] Participant body weight at study entry.
Lipodystrophy [1] 
[Units: Participants]
Lipodystrophy not present   56 
Mild lipodystrophy present   30 
Moderate lipodystrophy present   11 
Severe lipodystrophy present   1 
[1] The presence and severity of lipodystrophy (abnormal body fat distribution) at study entry.
Antiretroviral Treatment within Previous 6 Months [1] 
[Units: Particpants]
Yes   89 
No   8 
Not reported   1 
[1] Whether or not the participant had antiretroviral treatment within 6 months prior to study entry.
Other Chronic Diseases Present [1] 
[Units: Participants]
No   67 
Yes   29 
Not reported   2 
[1] Whether or not the participant had a chronic disease that had developed previously or was identified at study entry.

  Outcome Measures

1.  Primary:   Evolution of the HIV Viral Response   [ Time Frame: Month 3, 6, 12, 18 ]

2.  Primary:   Evolution of CD4 Count   [ Time Frame: Month 3, 6, 12, 18 ]

3.  Primary:   Evolution of the Tolerance Issues   [ Time Frame: Month 3, 6, 12, 18 ]

4.  Secondary:   Number of Participants Who Missed Doses, Interrupt or Discontinue Regimen, and Experience Changes in Dosage or of Combination Regimen   [ Time Frame: Month 3, 6, 12, 18 ]

5.  Secondary:   Adverse Events Observed and Development of Lipodystrophy Lesion and Their Locations   [ Time Frame: Month 3, 6, 12, 18 ]

6.  Secondary:   The Duration on Treatment Until Development of an Adverse Event Leading to Treatment Discontinuation or Until Escape From Treatment   [ Time Frame: Month 3, 6, 12, 18 ]

  Serious Adverse Events

  Other Adverse Events

  Limitations and Caveats

Limitations of the study, such as early termination leading to small numbers of participants analyzed and technical problems with measurement leading to unreliable or uninterpretable data
The location of lipodystrophy was not summarized as there was not a place to record the information on the case report form. Too few participants withdrew from treatment to conduct planned analyses of duration to adverse event(s)/discontinuation.

  More Information